Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 40 issue 1 (february 2017) : 63-68

Effect of cadmium chloride on soybean in presence of arbuscular mycorrhiza and vermicompost 

Parvin Pireh, Alireza Yadavi*, Hamidreza Balouchi
1<p>Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding,&nbsp;Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran.</p>
Cite article:- Pireh Parvin, Yadavi* Alireza, Balouchi Hamidreza (2016). Effect of cadmium chloride on soybean in presence ofarbuscular mycorrhiza and vermicompost . Legume Research. 40(1): 63-68. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.3770.

A greenhouse experiment was conducted to study the combined effects of cadmium toxicity, application of vermicompost and inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhiza on soybean. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design (factorial) and replicated thrice. The treatments included arbuscular mycorrhiza in two levels (inoculation and non- inoculation in soil), vermicompost in two levels (application @ 5 % of soil weight and non-application) and cadmium chloride in five levels (0, 20, 40, 80 and 160 mg kg-1 of soil). The result showed that increasing concentrations of cadmium chloride significantly increased electrolyte leakage and leaf transpiration, and decreased photosynthetic rate, Fv/Fm, root weight, pod number per plant and grain weight per plant. Application of vermicompost and mycorrhiza decreased the toxic effects of cadmium chloride. Application of vermicompost increased Fv/Fm, grain weight per plant, number pods per plant and seed oil percent, and application of mycorrhiza increased root weight and photosynthetic rate.

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