Legume Research-An International Journal
Publish
your articles with us

Quick Facts



Payment Options

payment portals

Click here to pay directly

Nutritive values of soybean silages ensiled with maize at different rates
 

Emine Budakli Carpici*

Uludag University, Agriculture Faculty, Field Crops Department, Turkey.

ebudakli@uludag.edu.tr

Page Range:
810-813
Article ID:
LR-281
Online Published:
5-10-2016
Abstract

One of the major uses of soybean crops (Glycine max (L.) Merril) is as silage. However, due to its unpleasant odour and relatively high butyric acid content, soybean silage is not readily preferred by animals. Because it does not have a regular fermentation, easily fermented forage resources are needed to obtain quality silage. To improve the quality of the silage, soybeans can be mixed with an appropriate amount of maize (Zea mays L.). In this study, we examined the quality and properties of maize (M) and soybean (S) silages of different mixtures (100 % M, 100 % S, 10 % S + 90 % M, 20 % S + 80 % M, 30 % S + 70 % M, 40 % S + 60 % M, 50 % S + 50 % M, 60 % S + 40 % M, 70 % S + 30 % M, 80 % S + 20 % M and 90 % S + 10 % M). For this purpose, each plant species was grown separately, and the maize was harvested when the plants reached the doughy stage. The harvest was performed using a single row maize harvester that chops the plants into 1.5-2 cm pieces. The fresh plant material from each species was then mixed in different proportions and squeezed before being transferred to 1.5 L anaerobic jars (Le Parfait, France). The jars were opened after a 60-day ensiling period. Then, the dry matter rate, pH, silage loss, fleig point, crude protein content, ADF content and NDF content of the silages were determined. The results showed that an increase in soybean rate in the mixture decreased the dry matter rate. Conversely, the silage pH, crude protein content and ADF content increased. Our results suggested that producing quality silage required the soybean material to be mixed with a minimum of 50 % maize.

Keywords
Maize, Mixture, Quality, Soybean, Silage.
References
  1. Arslan, M. and Cakmakci, S. (2011). Comparison of corn (Zea mays) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) silages mixed with different plants. Akdeniz University Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, 24: 47-53.
  2. Ayasan, T. (2011). Soybean silage and usage of animal nutrition. Journal of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Erciyes University, 8:193-200. 
  3. Danley, M.M., Vetter, R.L. and Wedin, W.F. (1973). Modified laboratory silo unit for studying the fermentation of maize (Zea mays L.) grain. Agronomy Journal, 65: 621-624.
  4. Demirel, M., Celik, S., Temur, C., Güney, M. and Celik, S. (2009). Determination of fermentation properties and digestibility characteristics of combination of corn-soybean and corn silages. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8:711-714.
  5. Geren, H. (2001). Effect of sowing dates on silage characteristics of different maize cultivars grown as second crop under Bornova conditions. The Journal of Ege University Faculty of Agriculture, 38: 47-54. 
  6. Goering, M.K. and Van Soest, P.J. (1970). Forage Fibre Analysis. USDA Agricultural Handbook, USA, 379:1-20. 
  7. Iptas, S., Geren, H. and Yavuz, M. (2009). Forages, ‘General Section’, Section 4.2 Silage Technique. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, 1:142-162.
  8. Karakozak, E. and Ayasan, T. (2010). Effect of inoculant in silages in which different forage crops and their mixtures on flieg point and crude nutrient content. Journal of the Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas Univesity, 6: 987-994. 
  9. Kavut, Y.T., Soya, H., Geren, H., Geren, H., Ünsal, R., Sevim, I. and Avcioglu, R. (2012). investigations on the herbage yield for silage and silage quality characteristics of some triticale cultivars grown under Menemen conditions. Journal of the Aegean Agricultural Research Institute, 22: 33 – 44.
  10. Kilic A. (1986). Silage (Suggestion for Education, Instruction and Application) Bilgehan Basimevi, Izmir, 350 p. 
  11. Koc, F., Özdüven, M.L., Yurtman, I.Y. (1999). Effects of salt and microbial 1noculants on the quality and aerobic stability of the maize-soybean silage. Journal of Animal Production, 39–40: 64–71.
  12. Martínez-García, C.G., Valencia-Núñez, K., Bastida-López, J., Estrada-Flores, J.G., Lama, G.C.M., Cruz-Monterrosa, R.G., Rayas-Amor, A.A. (2015). Effect of different combinations of soybean-maize silage on its chemical composition, nutrient intake, degradability, and performance of Pelibuey lambs. Trop Anim Health Prod. 47(8), DOI: 10.1007/    s11250-015-0898-0
  13. Nkosi, B.D., Kanengoni, A.T. and Thomas, R. (2011). Effects of ensiling total mixed potato hash ration with or without bacterial inoculation on silage fermentation and nutritive value for growing pigs. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10:1667-1672.
  14. Saruhan, V., Demirel, R., Baran, S. and Demirel, D.S. (2011). Determination of ensilage properties of different levels of lotus corniculatus and hordeum vulgare mixtures. Anadolu Journal of Agriculture Science, 26:40-45
  15. Zago, C.P., Obeid, J.A. and Gomide, J.A. (1985). Performance of steers fed with joined ensilages of maize (Zea mays L.) with annual soyabean (Glycine max L.). Brazilian Journal of Animal Science, Vicosa, 14: 510-514., 
Global footprints


© 2015 ARCC JOURNALS. All Rights Reserved. Powered By ARCC JOURNALS