EFFECTS OF ACIDITY AND UME ON GROWTH AND NODULAnON OF LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA (LAM) DE WIT IN EUCALYPTUSSOIL

Article Id: ARCC3151 | Page : 229-234
Citation :- EFFECTS OF ACIDITY AND UME ON GROWTH AND NODULAnON OF LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA (LAM) DE WIT IN EUCALYPTUSSOIL.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2000.(34):229-234
L.M.B. Goncalves; V.T.L. Moura; M.S. Marques and Maria Rita M.M.L. Scotti
Address : Deparbnent of Botany, Institute of Biological Sciences, FedeTel University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Abstract

The growth of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit Inoculated with Rhizobium strain TAL 1145 and Mycorrhizal fungi was compared in, Atlantic forest soli (pH = 5.2) and eucalyptus forest soil (pH = 3.5) in a pOt experiment was conducted in a greenhouse. There were significant differences in plant biomass production between soils. Leucaena growth and nodulation were inhibited in soil under eucalyptus plantations. Double inoculation of rhizobia and mycorrhizal fungi was the best treatment compared with the single ones. The lime treatment of eucalyptus soil Increased the pH to 5.1 but did not Increase the dry mass or number of formed nodules. However, Rhizobium strain in culture media displayed tolerance to pH 5.1 and to high AI levels (50 μM). Low P in the presence of high AI was a severe stress to the growth of rhizobia. Nevertheless, lime treatment, phosphorus fertilization and mycorrhizal Inoculation did not Improve nodule formation in plants grown In eucalyptus soil.

Keywords

References

  1. Adams, E Pearson, R.W. (1967). In: Soil Acidity Liming. Agron. 12 Amer. Soc. Agron. Madison.
  2. Ash)oVath, N.. Dart, P.J.: Edwards. D.G and Khanna, P.K. (1995). Plant Soil. 171 (1): 83-87.
  3. Balsberg-Pahlsson, A M. (1995). Plant Soil. 175: 125-132.
  4. Blarney,EP.e. and Dowling, A J. (1995). Plant Soil. 171 : 137-140.
  5. Bromfield, S. M.; Cumming, R. w.; David, D.J. and Williams, e. H. (1983). Aust. J Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 23: 181-91.
  6. Care, D.A. (1995). Pl. Soil. 171: 159-162.
  7. Cumming, J.P.and Brown. S.M. (1994). Tree Physiology 14: 589-599.
  8. Del Moral, R. and MUller C.H. (1970). Am. MidI. Nat. 83: 160-200.
  9. Evans, J.:Hocham. Z.; O·connor. G.E. and Osborne, G.J. (1988). Au.~t. J Agric.Res. 39: 605-18.
  10. Frey. S.D.: Blum. L.K (1994).. Plant Soil. 163 : 157-164
  11. Giovanetti, M. and Mosse; B.(1980). New Phytol. 64: 489~500.
  12. Goulding, KW.T. and Blake, L. (1998). Agriculture. Ecosystem Environment. 67: 135-144.
  13. Graham, P.H. and Parker, C. A. (1964). PI. Soil, 20: 3'83-396.
  14. Halliday, J. (1981). Leucaena Res. Rep. 2: 71-72.
  15. Hochman, Z.; Crocker, G.J.; Dettman, E.B. (1995). Aust. J Soil Res 33: 31-41.
  16. Keyser. H.H. and Munns, D. N. (1979). J. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. 43 • 5]9-523.
  17. MaImer. A. and Grip. H. (1990). Forest. Ecology Management. 38 : ] ·12.
  18. Octive. J.C., Johnson. A.C. and Wood. M. (1994). Soil Biology Biochemistry 26: 1477-]482.
  19. Pearson. R.w. (1975). Soil acidity and liming in the humid tropics. Cornell International Agric. Bull. 30. Ithaca. New York.
  20. Prosser, J.P.; Hailes, K J.; Melville, M. D.; Avery, R. P. and Slade, e. J. (1993). Ausf J. Soil, 31 : 245-254.
  21. Roskoski. J.P.;' Pepper. I. and Pardo, E. (1986). For. Ecol. Managt., 16 : 57-68.
  22. Somasegaran, P., and Hoben, H. J. (1985). Methods In Legume Rhizobium Technology. Nifta!, Hawaii: 367p.
  23. Sutaria, G.S.; Hirpara, 0.5.; Akbari, K.N.; Khokhani, M.N. and Yusufsai, (1999l.lndianJ. Agric. Res.; 33: 87-92.
  24. Tan, K. and Keltjens. w.G. (1995). Plant Soil 71: 147-150.
  25. Tyler, G. (1995). Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et flora Fenniea. 71: 3-6.
  26. Van-Rossum, 0; Muyotcha, A; De-Hoop, B.N.; Van-Verseveld. HW.; Stouthamer, A H. and Boogerd. Ee. (1994). PI. Soil. 163 : 165-175. .
  27. Vettori, L. (1969). Methodos de analises de solo.. Ministerio da Agricultura EPE pp24 (Boletim Tecnico). Rio de Janeiro.
  28. Vincent, J.M. (1970). A Manual for the Practical Study at Root-Nodule Bacteria. Blackwell, p. 164. Oxford.
  29. Vincent, J.M. (1974). In: The biology of nitrogen fixation. Frontiers of Biology IA. Quipel (ed)] Vol. 3. North-Holland Publishing Co. Amsterdam.
  30. Wood. M. (1995) PI. Soil 171 (1):' 63-69
  31. Young, C.C. and Chao, C.e. (1983). Res. Rep.: 4: 73-74.

Global Footprints