Loading...

IDENTIFICATION OF DROUGHT TOLERANT GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.) GENOTYPES

Article Id: ARCC2672 | Page : 17 - 22
Citation :- IDENTIFICATION OF DROUGHT TOLERANT GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.) GENOTYPES.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2007.(41):17 - 22
Chetana Mandavia, I.U. Dhruj, B.J. Chattrabhuji, J.C. Rajani and P.S. Bharodia
Address : Main Oilseeds Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh - 362 001, India

Abstract

In order to identify groundnut genotypes suited for cultivation under limited rainfall conditions, around 130 genotypes/crosses from different breeding trials were screened for higher yield then local check varieties under simulated drought conditions in summer season for three years i.e. 1995, 1996 and 1997. Total twelve promising crosses/genotypes (the crosses were sixth generation crosses) including three check varieties were selected for study. They were evaluated for pod yield in comparison with three check varieties in kharif seasons of the years 1999, 2000 and 2001 at four naturally drought prone locations in addition to Junagadh. The crosses GG-2 X NCAC 17135, GG-2 x PI 259747, J-11 x PI 259747 and S 206 x FESR-8, kisan x FESR-S-PI-B1-B and the genotypes JB 223 and 224 recorded consistently superior and stable yield for the three years at all the locations. Hence, it is suggested that these lines/genotypes could be grown under regions of limited rainfall. These lines may be used as parents in breeding programmes for developing drought tolerant groundnut cultivars.

References

  1. Branch, W.D. and Kvien, C.K. (1992). Peanut Sci., 19: 44-46.
  2. Gautreau, J. (1982). Oleagineux, 37: 469-475.
  3. ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institutes for the Semi-arid Tropics) Annual Report (1989). Patancheru, A. P. 502324 India, ICRISAT, pp. 143.
  4. Harris, D. et al. (1988). Exp. Agric., 24: 215-226.
  5. Joshi, Y.C. et al. (1988). Trop. Agric. Trinidad, 65: 182-184.
  6. Khan, A. and Rahim, M. (1998). Intern. Arachis Newsl., 18: 18-19.
  7. Maphanyane, G.S. and Ndunguru, B.J. (1994). In: Proceedings of a Workshop, 5-7 July, 1994, Mbabane,
  8. Swaziland, pp. 32-36.
  9. Nageswara Rao, R.C. (1991). In: National Symposium on Recent Advances in Drought Research, 10-12 December, 1991, Kottayam, India.
  10. Nautiyal, P.C. et al. (1999). Expl. Agric., 35: 371-385.
  11. Nautiyal, P.C. et al. (2002). Indian J. Plant Physiol., 7: 135-139.
  12. Quizenberry, J.E. (1982). In: Breeding Plant for Less Favourable Environments, (Christiansen, M.N. and Lewis C.R. eds). John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 193-212.
  13. Reddy, C.D.R, et al. (1997). Intern. Arachis Newsl., 17: 32-33.
  14. Stansell, J.R. and Pallas, J.E. Jr. (1985). Peanut Sci., 12: 64-70.
  15. Taiz Lincoln and Zeiger Eduardo (2002). Plant Physiology : Second Edition, Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sundeerland,Massachusetts, pp. 725-733.
  16. Viramani, S.M. and Singh, P. (1986). In: Agrometeorology of Groundnut, ICRISAT, Patancheru, India, pp. 35-46.

Global Footprints