Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.20

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 44 issue 2 (june 2010) : 119 - 124


Asad Shabbir*, Arshad Javaid
1Institute of Mycology & Plant Pathology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Submitted|

  • First Online |

  • doi

Cite article:- Shabbir* Asad, Javaid Arshad (2023). PHYTOSOCIOLOGICAL SURVEY AND ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF PARHENIUM WEED IN COMPARISON TO OTHER WEEDS IN PAKISTAN. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 44(2): 119 - 124. doi: .
Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an alien invasive weed of neotropical origin
spreading rapidly in Punjab and North West frontier provinces of Pakistan. The present study was
carried out to investigate the distribution of parthenium and its allelopathic effects against maize
in comparison to native associated asteraceous weed species growing in wastelands district of
Lahore. Survey revealed that parthenium weed is becoming a dominant part of local wasteland
flora with the highest values of relative density and frequency as compare to other asteraceous
weeds. Different concentrations of selected weed extracts failed to decline the germination of
maize except higher (15%) concentration of S. arvensis that resulted in reduction of 28% in
germination rate as compared to the control. Data recorded on shoot length of maize reflected
that the lower concentrations of C. arvense significantly suppressed the shoot length and biomass
of maize. Shoot biomass of maize was again significantly reduced even at lower concentrations
of A. conyzoides and C. arvense. Interestingly, Inula sp. extracts at all test concentrations resulted
in an increased biomass of maize. Root length and biomass appeared to be most sensitive part of
maize and retarded significantly in response to different concentrations of extracts of all the test
species except for Inula sp.
  1. Andersen M.C. (1993). Amer. J. Bot., 80 (5). 487-492
  2. Javaid A. et al (2006). S. Afrc. J. of Bot. 72(4):609-612.
  3. Javaid, A. et al (2006). Intl. J. Biol. Biotech. 3: 619-622.
  4. Javaid A, et al (2009). J Anima Plant Sci 19(3): 149-153.
  6. Kayshap S.R. (1936). Lahore District Flora. University of the Punjab Press, Lahore.
  7. Khalid, S. (1995). Weeds of Pakistan-Compositae. National Herbarium. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council , Islamabad
  8. Kong C., et al (1999). J Chel Ecol., 25 2347-2356.
  9. McFadyen R.E. (1995). Aus. Fam. Physician 24, 1455-1459.
  10. Nadeem M. et al (2005). J Pak Assoc. Dermatologists 15, 4-8.
  11. Navie S.C. et al (1996). Plant Protect. Quart. 11, 76–88.
  12. Oudhia P., et al (1999). Crop Manag. Physiol. (August, 1999). pp 36.
  13. Shabbir, A. (2006). Parthenium News. Institute of Mycology and Plant Pathology University of the Punjab. 1.
  14. Shabbir A., and Bajwa R. (2006). Weed Biol. Manag. 6 89-95.
  15. Shabbir A., and Adkins SW. (2008). In: Proceedings of 16th Australian Weeds Conference, Queensland, Australia.(van
  16. Klinken R.D., et al ed )Queensland Weeds Society.
  17. Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie J.H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw Hill Book Co., Inc, New York, USA.
  18. Stewart, R.R. (1972). An Annotated Catalogue of Vascular Plants of West Pakistan. Fakhri Printing Press Karachi Pakistan.
  19. Tamado T., et al (2002). Intl. J. Pest Manag. 48, 183-188.

Editorial Board

View all (0)