EFFECT OF PLANTING GEOMETRY AND DURATION OF INTERCROPS ON PERFORMANCE OF PIGEONPEA-FINGER MILLET INTROCROPPING SYSTEMS.

Article Id: ARCC1045 | Page : 43 - 47
Citation :- EFFECT OF PLANTING GEOMETRY AND DURATION OF INTERCROPS ON PERFORMANCE OF PIGEONPEA-FINGER MILLET INTROCROPPING SYSTEMS..Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2010.(44):43 - 47
EFFECT OF PLANTING GEOMETRY AND DURATION OF INTERCROPS ON PERFORMANCE OF PIGEONPEA-FINGER MILLET INTROCROPPING SYSTEMS.
Address : Centre for Pulse Research, Agriculture Research Station, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Berhampur, Orissa, 761 001, India

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during the wet seasons of 2001-2003 to study the effect of
planting geometry and duration of intercrops on production potential, economics and energy
relationship of pigeonpea[Cajanus cajan(L.) Milsp.] + finger millet [Eleusine coracana(L.)Gaertn]
intercropping systems. Early duration pigeonpea (UPAS 120) and intercropping at 2:4 row ratio was
found superior to medium duration pigeonpea (TTB 7), and intercropping at 2:8 row ratio with
regard to productivity, economics and energy output. Both long (‘PR 202’) and medium (‘Bhairabi’)
duration finger millet varieties remained at par with each other on the above aspects. Among the
intercropping systems ‘UPAS 120" pigeonpea + ‘Bhairabi’ finger millet at 2:4 row ratio appeared to
be compatible, biologically efficient and economically viable with significantly higher pigeonpea
seed equivalent yield (1.32 t/ha), land equivalent ratio (1.42), area time equivalent ratio (1.38),
monetary advantage (Rs 5868), net return (Rs 8566/ha), return/rupee investment (1.74), energy
output (93700 MJ /ha), energy-use efficiency for economic (237 g/MJ) and biological produce (747
g/MJ). It was closely followed by ‘UPAS 120’ pigeonpea + ‘PR 202’ finger millet at 2:4 row ratio.

Keywords

Plant geometry Intercroping pigeompea Finger millets.

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