Article Id: ARCC066 | Page : 445-448
Citation :- INHERITANCE STUDY OF FLOWER COLOR IN CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM L.).Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2013.(47):445-448
M. Tarikul Hasan and Anil Chandra Deb* anil_deb2001@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh


Flower color is a useful phenotypic marker in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In the present investigation eight parents were used to study the inheritance of flower color in chickpea. Among the eight parents BARI chola-1, BARI chola-2, BARI chola-3, BARI chola-4, BARI chola-5, BARI chola-6 and BARI chola-7 was pink and BARI chola-8 was white flowered. In this investigation, F1s of all the crosses between white and pink produced only pink flower revealed that the pink color was completely dominant over white color in the chickpea. In F2 generation, flower color was segregated into pink and white flowing Mendelian proportion of 3:1. Therefore, all the traits revealed monogenic nature of inheritance for flower color and suggested that white color of chickpea flower is governed by a single recessive gene and highly heritable trait which can simply manipulated. This is helpful to the chickpea breeder to use in altering the architecture of the chickpea plant because flower color is a valuable morphological marker in cultivated chickpea.


Chickpea Flower color Inheritance.


  1. Athwal D. S. and Brar H.S. (1967). Inheritance of flower color and its relationship with some mutant loci in Cicer. Indian J. Genet., 27: 246-251.
  2. Ayyar V.R. and Balasubramanian R. (1936). Inheritance of certain colour characters in gram (Cicer arietinum L). Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., 4: 4-6
  3. Bhapkar D. G. and Patil J. A. (1963). Inheritance of foliage,flower and seed-coat color in gram. Crop Sci., 3: 361.
  4. FAOSTAT, (2009), Agriculture Statistics, Available at http:// www.fao.org 
  5. Gaur,P.M., and Goru V.K.. (2001). A gene habiting flower colorin Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Indian J.Genet., 61(1):41-44.
  6. Ghatge,R.D. (1994). Genetics of stem and corolla color in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Crop Res., (Hisar) 7:431-436.
  7. Jagtap D. R., Deckar A. B., Sonone H. N. and D’Cruz, R. D. (1973). Genetic study in Bengal gram. VI. A triangular cross. Res. J. MPKV., 4 :7-22.
  8. Kumar J., N.V.S. Vijayalakshmi and T.N.Rao 2000. Inheritance of flower color in chickpea. Journal of Heredity. 91(5):416-17.
  9. Khan A.R. and Akhtar A.R (1934). The Inheretance of petal color in gram. Agric.Lve-Stk., 4: 127-155.
  10. Khosravi,E.M. Khodambashi, Sh. Mohammadi, (2010). A linkage group of four genes related to morphological traits in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) International Journal of Plant Production 4: 303-308
  11. Muehlbauer, F.J., Singh K.B., 1987. Genetics of Chickpea.In:, The Chickpea . [Saxena, M.C., Singh, K.B. (eds)] CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 99-125. 
  12. Pahlavani, M. H. A. F. Mirlohi, And G. Saeidi, (2004). Inheritance of Flower Color and Spininess in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Journal of Heredity: 95(3):265–267
  13. Pal B. P. (1934). Recent progress in plant breeding at Pusa: Gram (Cicer arietinum L.).Agric. Lev-stk.,4: 53-56
  14. Pawar A. M. and Patil J.A. (1983). Genetic studies in gram. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ.,8 :54-56.
  15. Pundari.R.P.S., Rao, N.K. and VanderMaesen, L.J.G.(1985). Distribution of qualitative traits in the world germplasm in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).Euphytica, 34:697-703.
  16. Reddy.Y.G., and NayeemK.A.(1978). Genetic studies in Bengal gram.IV.D-70-10×white grained. J. Mahareshtra Agric Univ., 3:101-103.
  17. Singh H., Kumar J. Smithson J.B. and Haware M.P.(1988). Associations among Fusarium wilt resistance, flower color and number of flower per fruiting node in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J.Agril.Sci.UK 110:407-409.
  18. Toker,C.,H.Conci,F.O.Ceylan, (2006) .Estimation of outcrossing rate in Chickpea(Cicer arietinum L.) sown in autumn, Euphytica. 151:201-205.
  19. Van der Maesen, L.J.G.S.(1972).Cicer L., a monograph of the genus, with special reference to the Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), its ecology and cultivation. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool (Communication Agricultural University) Wagcningen, The Netherlands, pp. 72-10.
  20. Yadav L.N., Mahadik C.N. and Dixet S.S. (1978). Inheritance of double podded character and petals color in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).Sci.Cult., 44:537.

Global Footprints