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Agronomic Response of Local Upland Rice Cultivars on Growing under Two Cultivation Systems

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.AF-690    | Article Id: AF-690 | Page : 183-188
Citation :- Agronomic Response of Local Upland Rice Cultivars on Growing under Two Cultivation Systems.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2022.(56):183-188
La Ode Afa, Arsyi Aysya Anas, Laode Sabaruddin, Andi Bahrun, Made Widana Arsana, Novita Pramahsari Putri, Firmansyah Labir la.ode.afa_faperta@uho.ac.id
Address : Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Kendari Southeast Sulawesi 93232, Indonesia.
Submitted Date : 6-09-2021
Accepted Date : 17-11-2021

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to observe the agronomic response of 18 Southeast Sulawesi local upland rice cultivars that were grown under two cultivation systems (dry land and wet rice field) and optimize local potential to support self-sufficiency and food security. 
Methods: The research used a split-plot design with the following main plot: cultivation system (L) including upland (L1) and rice field cultivation system (L2). The subplots were 18 local upland rice cultivars such as Wangkomina (K1), Wuna Lapodidi (K2), Waburi-buri (K3), Wapantoga (K4), Nggalaru (K5), Wuna Parigi (K6), Bakala (K7), Biu (K8), Ikulaku (K9), Bou (K1), Momea (K11), Daindomoronene (K12), Konkep (K13), Tinangge (K14), Ndoamoito (K15), Uwa (K16), Ndowatu (K17) and Indalibana (K18). 
Result: The local upland rice responded better to the wetland cultivation system than the upland cultivation system. The local upland rice cultivar Ndowatu showed the highest production potential, which was statistically similar to the Biu, Ikulaku, Momea, Konkep and Uwa cultivars. Ndowatu cultivar showed high production potential (842.80 g.m-2). Thus, this cultivar can be considered suitable for development in the rainfed lowlands to increase the planting index and to support the self-sufficiency and food security of the region.

Keywords

Cultivation system Local upland rice Planting index Productivity Rainfed rice

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