Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.20

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 56 issue 4 (august 2022) : 469-473

Application of Different Rates and Frequencies of Rejuvenator for the Treatments of Brown Bast Syndrome on Hevea brasiliensis

N.H. Nik Hashyati, Z. Sulaiman, M.A. Salisu, M.Y.A. Samad, M.T.M. Mohamed, Mohd Shafar Jefri Mokhtar, Zarawi A.B. Ghani, Azwan Adinan
1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Cite article:- Hashyati Nik N.H., Sulaiman Z., Salisu M.A., Samad M.Y.A., Mohamed M.T.M., Mokhtar Jefri Shafar Mohd, Ghani A.B. Zarawi, Adinan Azwan (2022). Application of Different Rates and Frequencies of Rejuvenator for the Treatments of Brown Bast Syndrome on Hevea brasiliensis. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56(4): 469-473. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.AF-678.
Background: Brown bast is one of the most serious threats to natural rubber production. It is estimated that brown bast leads to an approximately 15-20% decrease in latex yield production. There is currently no effective method to control this problem and an effort to overcome this problem is in progress by the natural rubber producing countries.
Methods: This study evaluated the effect and the most suitable rate and frequency of Rejuvenator application to cure brown bast (latex dryness) and improve latex yield. The Rejuvenator treatment was applied to the selected tree with two different treatment frequencies (every 3 days and every 6 days) and three different Rejuvenator concentrations (5 g/L, 10 g/L and 5 g/L). The Rejuvenator was applied 5 times. Data on latex yield and brown bast cure were then recorded 1 month after the application of the last treatment. The treatments used were T1: No Rejuvenator, T2: 5 g/L of Rejuvenator, T3: 10 g/L of Rejuvenator, T4: 15 g/L of Rejuvenator. 
Result: Of all the treatment used, T3 (10 g/L) resulted in higher production of latex yield and Hevea bark nutrient concentration (g/t/t) than control. It also gave the highest nutrient content in the bark tissue. The findings of this study reveal that the optimum concentration and frequency of Rejuvenator application were established at 10 g/L every 6 days. More so, the findings explain that inadequate nutrients can be attributed to the brown bast syndrome in rubber plantation which can be prevented with the use of a rejuvenator to the tree’s bark.

  1. Adekunle, S.M. (2014). Influence of fertilizer rates on growth of selected immature rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. arg) clones grown on two soil series. Master’s Thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia. Serdang, Malaysia.

  2. Boukhalfa-Deraoui, N., Hanifi-Mekliche, L. and Mekliche, A. (2021). Response of wheat to foliar and soil P fertilization on grain yield and phosphorus use efficiency in Southeastern Algeria. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55: 99-104.

  3. De Fay, E. (1982). Kinetics of the induction of dryness in Hevea brasiliensis. General Review of Rubbers and Plastics. 59: 185-188.

  4. De Fay, E. and Jacob, J.L. (1989). Symptomatology, Histological and Cytological Aspects. In: Physiology of Rubber Tree Latex. [J. d’Auzac, J. Jacob and H. Chrestin (Eds.)], Chemical Rubber Company Press, Florida. pp. 407-428.

  5. Hashim, N.H.N., Sulaiman, Z., Mohamed, M.T.M. and Samad, M.Y.A. (2018). Overview of brown bast syndrome of Hevea brasiliensis. Pertanika Journal of Scholarly Research Reviews. 4: 25-30.

  6. Krishna, K.V., Deepthi, C.H., Reddy, M.D., Raju, P.S. and Pal, A. (2020). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus levels on growth and yield of finger millet [Eleusine coracana L.) during summer. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 54: 227-231.

  7. Lalani, S. (2000). Economic and Efficiency of Fertilizer Utilization in Mature Rubber. Bulletin of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka. 42: 11-24.

  8. Tiva, L.K., Locate, R., Chan, C., Sopheaveasna, M. and Gohet, E. (2016). Effects of fertilization on latex yield potential and physiological parameters of clone PB 217 in Cambodia. Proceeding Seminar Cambodia Rubber Research Institute and International Rubber Research and Development Board Conference. 2016, Siem Reap, Cambodia. pp. 46-48.

  9. Liyanage, A.S., Peries, O.S., Liyanage, N.I.S., Irugalbandara, Z.E. and Wetta S.J.L.P. (1983). Annual. Rev. Rubber Research Institute Sri Lanka. pp. 55-56.

  10. Margarita, C. (2004). Control of Brown Bast in Organic Rubber Cultivation. [Paper presentation]. Proceeding International Workshop on Tapping Panel Dryness, 2004 Rubber Research Institute of India. Kottayam, Kerala, India. pp. 73-75. 

  11. Salisu, M.A., Zulkefly, S., Ridzwan, C.R., Samad, M.Y.A., Norhanizan, U., Yusuff, O. and Paiman. (2020). Water use efficiency, plant growth and vegetative traits of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seedlings grown using different growing media and water levels. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 14: 1497-1505. DOI: 20.14.09.p.2643.

  12. Nandris, D., Moreau, R., Pellegrin, F., Chrestin, H., Abina, J. and Angui, P. (2004). Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) bark necrosis syndrome: II. First comprehensive report on causal stresses. Plant Disease. 88: 1047-1047. 

  13. Oladosu, Y., Rafii, M.Y., Arolu, F., Chukwu, S.C., Salisu, M.A., Olaniyan, B.A. and Muftaudeen, T.K. (2021). Genetic diversity and utilization of cultivated eggplant germplasm in varietal improvement. Plants. 10: 1714.

  14. Qi, D.L., Zhou, J.N., Xie, G.S. and Wu, Z.X. (2014). Studies on rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) trees exist plant type after planting and available tapping tree of rubber plantation in China. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 5: 3017-3021. 

  15. Rukkhun, R., Khongdee, N., Iamsaard, K., Mawan, N., Sainoi, T. and Sdoodee, S. (2021). Latex diagnosis at the whole trunk level under different tapping systems in young- tapping rubber trees. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55: 55-66. 

  16. Salisu, M., Daud, N. and Ahmad, I. (2013). Influence of fertilizer rates and soil series on growth performance of natural rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) latex timber clones. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 7: 1998-2004.

  17. Seetha, I.W., Yapa, P.A.J. and Thusini V.W.D.S. (1987). Accumulation of free proline in bark and latex of Hevea brasiliensis affected by brown bast. Journal of Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka. 67: 9-17.

  18. Senevirathna, A.M.W.K (2006). Identification of physical factors affecting tapping panel dryness (TPD) of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) and some biochemical changes at the onset of tapping panel dryness. Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Terminal Report CARP Project. pp. 67.

  19. Thomson, A., Jacob, M., Srinivas, P. and Kuruvilla, J.C. (2005). Incidence of Tapping Panel Dryness (TPD) on Popular Rubber Clones in Southern Rubber Growing Region of India [Paper presentation]. Proceeding International Workshop on Tapping Panel Dryness 2005. Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam, Kerala, India. pp. 51-54.

Editorial Board

View all (0)