Loading...

Fruit Morphology of Durio zibethinus L. in Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-666    | Article Id: A-666 | Page : 319-324
Citation :- Fruit Morphology of Durio zibethinus L. in Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2022.(56):319-324
K. Shamin-Shazwan, N.I.A. Razali, R. Shahari, C.N.A.C. Amri, R. Go firdawila@iium.edu.my
Address : Department of Plant Science, Kulliyyah of Science, International, Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
Submitted Date : 5-06-2021
Accepted Date : 22-10-2021

Abstract

Background: Jelebu is one of Negeri Sembilan districts of Malaysia, famous for its wide variety of D. zibethinus. It is also recognized as the top hotspot area for consumers looking for genuine Durian Kampung. This study aimed at discovering and recording significant morphological data in identification and classification of D. zibethinus fruit in Jelebu. 
Methods: Fifty-three accessions of durian were observed from January 2020 to September 2020 in accordance with Malaysia’s Department of Agriculture guidelines. 
Result: Forty-one parameters were compiled and divided into two primary morphological data sets: external and internal structures. Size, shape, color and aril characteristics of fruits were several engrossing parameters for identifying and classifying D. zibethinus varieties. Fruit weight varies between 665 g and 2.7 kg, depending on size. The results also revealed six different variants in the fruit shape and color. Aril characteristics included a variety of aril color and thickness ranging from 0.23 cm to 1.17 cm. Therefore, this research revealed that external and internal morphological data from durian fruits were valuable for recognizing and categorizing D. zibethinus Jelebu variants.

Keywords

Durian Durio zibethinus Fruit Morphology

References

  1. Aziz, N.B.A, Milan, A.R. and Razali, M.Z. (2016). Chapter 55: Fruit Morphology Description of Seven Jackfruit Clones from Farmers Collection. In: Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014) Science and Technology, [(ed.) Yacob, N.A, Mohamed M, Hanafiah M.A.K.M], Springer, pp. 549-555.
  2. Dey, K., Ghosh, A., Bauri, F.K., Bhowmick, N., Dey, A.N., Mishra, D.K. and Das, B.C. (2018). Barbados Cherry: Agriculture, breeding, utilization and role in nutritional and economical security-A review. Agricultural Reviews. 39(2): 144-150.
  3. DOA. (2018). Conduct of Tests for Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability on Durian. Malaysia Department of Agriculture.
  4. Effendi, L.N. (2013). Identifikasi morfologi durian Durio zibethinus Sunan dan Brongkol dalam penyusunan basis data keragaman [Unpublished Master dissertation]. Universitas Sebelas Maret.
  5. Husin, N.A., Rahman, S., Karunakaran, R. and Bhore, S.J. (2018). A review on the nutritional, medicinal, molecular and genome attributes of durian (Durio zibethinus L.), the King of fruits in Malaysia. Bioinformation. 14(6): 265-270.
  6. Kostermans, A.J.G.H. (1958). The genus Durio Adans. (Bombac.). Reinwardtia. 4(3): 357-460.
  7. Kothagoda, N. and Rao, A.N. (2011). Anatomy of the durian fruit- Durio zibethinus. Journal of Tropical Medicinal Plants. 12(2): 247-253.
  8. Lestari, O.A. and Purwayantie, S. (2017). The glycemic index and organoleptic test of pekawai (Durio kutejensis) chips. Pro Food (Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan). 4(1): 235-239.
  9. Lestari, R., Anggraeni and Romdhoni, E. (2020). Keanekaragaman morfologi cempedak [Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr.] Di Kabupaten Bangka Tengah dan Selatan. Floribunda. 6(5): 175-182.
  10. Moawed, M.M. (2016). Evaluation of morphological and anatomical characters for discrimination and verification of some Medicago sativa (L.) cultivars. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 50(2): 183-192.
  11. Poerwanto, R., Efendi, D., Widodo, W.D., Susanto, S. and Purwoko, S. (2008). Off-season production of tropical fruits. Acta Horticulturae. 722(722): 127-133.
  12. Retnoningsih, A., Rahayu, E.S. and Sari, I.P. (2016). Characterization of local durian germplasm based on the morphology of fruit. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi. 14(2): 89-94.
  13. Rosmaina, Warino, J., Suhaida and Zulfahmi (2016). Genetic variability and relationship among durian cultivars (Durio zibethinus Murr) in The Kampar, Indonesia assessed by RAPD Markers. Pakistan Journal of Biotechnology. 13(2): 87-94.
  14. Sawitri, A.D., Yuniastuti, E. and Nandariyah. (2019). Morphological characterization of local durian as parent tree in Bitingan District, Rembang. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environment Science. 250: 1-7.
  15. Siddiq, M. and Nasir, M. (2012). Dragon Fruit and Durian. In: Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Postharvest Physiology, Processing and Packaging. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. pp 587-596.
  16. Shamin-Shazwan, K., Shahari, R., Amri, C.N.A.C. and Go, R. (2021). Propagation methods, agronomic practices and fruit production of Durio zibethinus L. in Malaysia: A review. Malayan Nature Journal. 73(1): 85-98.
  17. Shukla, V., Singh, S., Singh, S.K. and Singh, H. (2005). Estimation of genetic variabiuty, heritability and genetic advance in “new plant type” tropical Japonica rice under upland environment. Agricultural Science Digest. 25(3): 207-209.
  18. Susilawati and Sabran, M. (2018). Morphological characterization of local durian [Durio zhibetinus] from Katingan Regency. Buletin Plasma Nutfah. 24(2): 107-114.
  19. Talip, N. and Shamsuddin, N.S. (2019). Bombacaceae: Ciri antomi dan mikromorfologi daun. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
  20. Teh, B.T., Lim, K., Yong, C.H., Ng, C.C.Y., Rao, S.R., Rajasegaran, V., Lim, W.K., Ong, C.K., Chan, K., Cheng, V.K.Y., Soh, P.S., Swarup, S., Rozen, S.G., Nagarajan, N. and Tan, P. (2017). The draft genome of tropical fruit durian (Durio zibethinus). Nature Genetics. 49(11): 1633-1644.

Global Footprints