Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 6 (december 2021) : 674-680

Management of Insect and Mite Pests of Chili using Botanical and Synthetic Chemicals

M. Nasrin, M.R. Amin, M.R.U. Miah, M. Afroz, A.M. Akanda, M.G. Miah, S.J. Suh
1School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.
Cite article:- Nasrin M., Amin M.R., Miah M.R.U., Afroz M., Akanda A.M., Miah M.G., Suh S.J. (2021). Management of Insect and Mite Pests of Chili using Botanical and Synthetic Chemicals. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(6): 674-680. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-643.
Background: The spice crop chili is cultivated all over Bangladesh but the yield is very low due to the infestation of insect and mite pests. This study investigated the efficacy of some botanical and synthetic chemicals for management of mite, whitefly and thrips attacking chili plants.
Methods: The chili variety BARI Morich 2 was cultivated in Gazipur, Bangladesh and the chemicals, namely Neem oil @ 1.5 ml/L water, Omite 57 EC @ 2.0 ml/L water, Vertimec 018 EC @ 1.25 ml/L water, Liquor 1.8 EC @ 2.0 ml/L water and Confidor 20% SL @ 1.5 ml/L water were applied on the plants to manage mite, whitefly and thrips. The efficacy of the botanical and synthetic pesticides was compared to control treatment (untreated).
Result: The applied chemicals significantly reduced the abundance of mite, thrips and whiteflies, resulting in the lower level of leaf curl index of plants compared to control. All the treatments revealed a significantly higher yield and benefit-cost ratio than that of control. Omite showed the lowest abundance of mite and Confidor showed the lowest leaf curl index with a lower abundance of whiteflies and thrips. Confidor treated plots gave the highest yield and benefit-cost ratio.

  1. Amin, M.R., Namni, S., Miah, M.R.U., Miah, M.G., Zakaria, M., Suh, S.J. and Kwon, Y.J. (2015). Insect inventories in a mango based agroforestry area in Bangladesh: foraging behavior and performance of pollinators on fruit set. Entomological Research. 45(4): 217-224.

  2. Bhutia, N.D., Seth, T., Shende, V.D., Dutta, S. and Chattopadhyay, A. (2015). Estimation of heterosis, dominance effect and genetic control of fresh fruit yield, quality and leaf curl disease severity traits of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Scientia Horticulturae. 182: 47-55. 

  3. Cermeli, M., Morales, P., Godoy, F., Romero, R. and Cárdenas, O. (2002). Presencia de la cochinilla rosada de la cayena Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) en Venezuela. Entomotropica. 17(1): 103-105.

  4. FRG. (2012). Fertilizer Recommendation Guide. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka.

  5. Jeyarani, S., Bhaskaran, E.V. and Kamaraju, K. (2010). Monitoring of acaricide resistance in field collected population of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) on okra. (In) Proceedings of the International Symposium-cum- Workshop in Acarology, BCKV, Kalyani, Kolkata. p. 75.

  6. Jones, D.R. (2003). Plant viruses transmitted by whiteflies. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 109(3): 195-219.

  7. Kumar, A., Sharma, A., Vishwakarma, N. and Singh, M. (2018). Study of cost economics of management of chili mites through Abamectin 1.8 EC. International Journal of Current Microbiological and Applied Science. 7(9): 1659-1663.

  8. Kumar, S., Mani, C. and Singh, R.N. (2005). Field evaluation of omite and some other acaricides against broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks.) on chili under Varanasi condition of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Pestology. 29(11): 61-63.

  9. Latha, S. and Hunumanthraya, L. (2018). Screening of chili genotypes against chili thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood) and yellow mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 6: 2739-2744.

  10. Mondal, B. and Mondal, P. (2012). Ecofriendly pest management practices for leaf curl complex of chili (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Biopesticides. 5: 115-118.

  11. Naga, K.L., Naqvi, A.R., Naga, B.L., Singh, A.K., Meena, B.M. and Meena, A. (2015). Bioefficacy of newer insecticides against major sap sucking insect pests of mothbean [Vigna aconitifolia (Jacq.) Marechal] and their impact on yield parameters. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India. 18(2): 1011-1015.

  12. Pradeep, M.S. and Korat, D.M. (2018). Impact of pesticidal sprays in reducing sucking pests population on chili. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 6: 478-486.

  13. Rai, A.B., Satpathy, S., Gracy, R.G., Swamy, T.M.S. and Rai, M. (2007). Yellow mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks) menace in chili crop. Vegetable Science. 34(1): 1-13.

  14. Rashid, M.M., Khattak, M.K. and Abdullah, K. (2012). Evaluation of botanical and synthetic insecticides for the management of cotton pest insects. Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 44: 1317-1324.

  15. Sathua, S.K., Reddy, M.S., Sulagitti, A. and Singh, R.N. (2017). Bio-efficacy of various insecticides and botanicals against chili thrips (S. dorsalis Hood) and their comparative cost: Benefit analysis in chili crop. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(2): 130-134.

  16. Singh, A.P. and Singh, R.N. (2013). Management of yellow mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Acari: Tarsonemidae) in chili. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 11: 1250-1252.

  17. Singh, S., Gamlath, S. and Wakeling, L. (2007). Nutritional aspects of food extrusion: a review. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 42(8): 916-929.

  18. Swathi, K., Seetharamu, P., Dhurua, S. and Suresh, M. (2018). Efficacy of newer insecticides against sucking pests of rice fallow blackgram. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52(6): 700-703.

     

Editorial Board

View all (0)