Loading...

​Effect of Palm Oil Mill Effluent on the Growth of Maize (Zea mays)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-628    | Article Id: A-628 | Page : 761-764
Citation :- ​Effect of Palm Oil Mill Effluent on the Growth of Maize (Zea mays).Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):761-764
N.C. Ewelike, J.C. Orji, I.E Adieze, V.E. Ogwudire, B.U. Uzoho, A. Ukaoma cewelyke@gmail.com
Address : Department of Microbiology, School of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B 1526 Owerri, Nigeria.
Submitted Date : 12-03-2021
Accepted Date : 9-06-2021

Abstract

Background: Raw palm oil mill effluent is toxic effluent capable of posing serious threat to plants when discharged to the environment. In developing countries, the untreated effluent is often discharged to the surrounding land due to high cost associated with its treatment. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of palm oil mill effluent treated with locally available material on the growth of maize.
Methods: The bunch ash obtained from local material by burning de-fruited oil palm bunch was used for the treatment. The experiment was consisted of eight treatments of concentrations of palm oil mill effluent viz 1.0%, 2.0%, 3.0%, 4.0%, 5.0%, 6.0%, 7.0% and 8.0%. The treatment was carried out on potted maize plants with six replications. Four kilograms of soil was weighed into each pot. Six pots were labelled as control, with untreated palm oil mill effluent added to them. Eight other groups consisting of six pots each were treated with 1.0%, 2.0%, 3.0%, 4.0%, 5.0%, 6.0%, 7.0% and 8.0% concentrations of the effluent. The maize seeds were planted one in each pot to avoid overcrowding. The pots were transferred to greenhouse and each pot was moistened daily with the specified concentration of the palm oil mill effluent. The growth rate, plant height and leaf length of the maize plants were thereafter determined.
Result: The 8.0% concentration of bunch ash in the effluent had the highest expected effect on all the parameters whereas the control gave the lowest expected effect. The effects increased as the concentration of bunch ash in the effluent increased, indicating that increased concentration of bunch ash recorded significant increase in growth rate, height and leaf length of maize. The analysis of variance for the obtained data showed that the effects of the different concentrations were significantly different. This study provides an alternative and cost effective method of ameliorating the toxicity of palm oil mill effluent to plants.

Keywords

​Bunch ash Maize growth Palm oil mill effluent Pre-treatment

References

  1. Adjei-Nsiah, S. and Obeng, C.B. (2013). Effect of palm bunch ash application on soil and plant nutrient composition and growth and yield of garden eggs, pepper and okra. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science. 2: 1-15.
  2. Andrew, C. (2018). How to measure growth rate of plants. Available from; https://www.wnps.org/education/resources/documents /Garden_Links/q_e_monitoring_red.pdf
  3. Anonymous (1995). Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Water waste (19th ed.) American Public Health Association, Washington D.C
  4. Chibuike, S.U., Chukwudi,O., Victor, E.O., Akudo, C.O. and Ugochukwu, G.E.M (2017) palm oil mill effluent effect on soil fertility; A Longitudinal assessment of Zea mays plant. Environmental Quality. 23: 43-53. 
  5. Chikwendu, M.U. and Ogbonna, A.N. (2018). Impact of palm oil mill effluent on the soil in Ukpom-Bende forest reserve, Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Forestry, Wild life and Environment. 10(3): 21-26.
  6. Eremrena, P.O. and Mensah, S.I (2017). Efficacy of palm bunch ash on the growth performace and mineral nutrient composition of Phaseolus vulgaris L. growth in diesel oil polluted soil. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International. 10(4): 1-6.
  7. Lakshmi, C.S.R., Sreelatha, T., Usha Rani, T., Rao, S.R.K. and Naidu, N.V (2011). Effect of organic manures on soil fertility and productivity of sugarcane in North Central Zone of Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 45(4): 307-313.
  8. Mosunmola, A.G. and Olatunde, S.K. (2020). Palm oil mill effluents (POME) and its pollution potentials: A biodegradable prevalence. Journal of pollution effects and control. 8(5): 258-262.
  9. Muller, J.O. (2016). Soil pH affects nutrient availability. Fact sheet FS-1504 Publication Series. University of Maryland Extension, USA.
  10. Nur, S.H. and Zudariana, J. (2020) Utilization of oil palm empty bunch ash as potential natural coagulant for palm oil mill effluent. Garding Journal of Science and Technology. 3(2): 178-186.
  11. Nwachukwu J.N., Njoku, O., Agu, C., Okonkwo, C. and Obidiegwu, J. (2018) Impact of Palm oil mill effluent contamination on soil enzyme activities and physicochemical properties. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology. 12: 34-41.
  12. Ogbuehi, H.C. (2016). Potential of palm bunch application on the growth and yield of Okra (Abelmoschus escalantus L.), Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences. 5: 12-19.
  13. Oikeh, E.I., Osubor, C.C. and Aigbodion, F.I (2014) Impact of palm oil mill effluent in the activities of some antioxidative parameters in maize plant (Zea mays L.), Journal of Science and Technology. 34(2): 1-6.
  14. Paramitadevi, Y.Y. and Rahmatullah, P. (2017) Technical problems of waste-water treatment plant in crude palm oil industry; A case study in PT SUCFIN Indonesia Kehun Sunagi Lupit Nang groeaceli Darussalam province. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth. Env. Sci. 65: 012048.
  15. Triatmoko, V.A., Minarch, S, Windiyanto, H. and Syamsiyah, J. (2020). Effects of various ameliorants on pH, phosphorus availability and soybean production in alfisols. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 54: 531-535.
  16. Trisakti, B., Irvan, I., Taslim, M. and Turmuzi, M. (2017). Effect of temperature on methanogenesis stage of two- stage anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) into biogas. IOP Conf. Ser: Mater. Sci. Eng. 206: 012027. 
  17. Ugwuoha, E., Nwankwo, C.A. and Jumbo, R.B. (2017). Modelling the remediation of diesel contaminated soil using palm bunch ash. International Journal of Advancement in Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Science. 4(3): 73-82. 
  18. Verla, A.W., Adowei, P and Verla, E.N. (2014). Physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of palm mill effluent in Nguru; Aboh Mbaise, Eastern Nigeria, Acta Chimica and Pharmaceutica Indica. 4(3): 119-125.

Global Footprints