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Genetic Analysis of Various Traits in Oilseed Brassicas

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-625    | Article Id: A-625 | Page : 115-121
Citation :- Genetic Analysis of Various Traits in Oilseed Brassicas.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2022.(56):115-121
Hafiz Basheer Ahmad, Salsabeel Rauf, Waqas Shafqat Chattha, Abdul Khaliq, Amir Amin, Rashad ul Sher, Sajid Ali easahafiz@yahoo.com
Address : Sugarcane Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Submitted Date : 5-03-2021
Accepted Date : 30-07-2021

Abstract

Background: The combining ability and manifestation of heterosis within and among the species of oilseed brassicas (B. campestris, B. napus and B. juncea) were studied for yield and yield related traits in 12F1 combinations.
Methods: All crosses (12F1) along with their parents (7 parents) were sown in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.
Result: The analysis of variance showed extensive variability among the genotypes. The physical appearance of interspecific crosses was intermediate. B. campestris showed significant GCA effects among lines and B. juncea among testers for seed yield per plant. General combining behaviour of B. campestris was better as compared to B. napus and B. juncea. The SCA effects were higher within species than among the species. This also revealed that within the species B. juncea had more SCA (17.45) than B. napus (9.82) and B. campestris (8.01) for seed yield. The SCA showed the improvement of B. Juncea, is the best than other two species. It is also concluded that to obtain better yield, crossing within the species is more appropriate than among the species. Moreover, to introduce novel traits in brassica species is possible through interspecific hybridization.

Keywords

Brassica Combining ability Heterosis Interspecific crosses

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