Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.20

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 56 issue 2 (april 2022) : 115-121

Genetic Analysis of Various Traits in Oilseed Brassicas

Hafiz Basheer Ahmad, Salsabeel Rauf, Waqas Shafqat Chattha, Abdul Khaliq, Amir Amin, Rashad ul Sher, Sajid Ali
1Sugarcane Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Cite article:- Ahmad Basheer Hafiz, Rauf Salsabeel, Chattha Shafqat Waqas, Khaliq Abdul, Amin Amir, Sher ul Rashad, Ali Sajid (2022). Genetic Analysis of Various Traits in Oilseed Brassicas. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56(2): 115-121. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-625.
Background: The combining ability and manifestation of heterosis within and among the species of oilseed brassicas (B. campestris, B. napus and B. juncea) were studied for yield and yield related traits in 12F1 combinations.
Methods: All crosses (12F1) along with their parents (7 parents) were sown in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.
Result: The analysis of variance showed extensive variability among the genotypes. The physical appearance of interspecific crosses was intermediate. B. campestris showed significant GCA effects among lines and B. juncea among testers for seed yield per plant. General combining behaviour of B. campestris was better as compared to B. napus and B. juncea. The SCA effects were higher within species than among the species. This also revealed that within the species B. juncea had more SCA (17.45) than B. napus (9.82) and B. campestris (8.01) for seed yield. The SCA showed the improvement of B. Juncea, is the best than other two species. It is also concluded that to obtain better yield, crossing within the species is more appropriate than among the species. Moreover, to introduce novel traits in brassica species is possible through interspecific hybridization.

  1. Abideen, S.N.U., Nadeem, F. and Abideen, S.A. (2013). Genetic variability and correlation studies in Brassica napus L. genotypes. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies. 2(4): 574-581.

  2. Anderson, L.B. (1960). Evaluation of general and specific combining ability in a late-flowering variety of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research.

  3. Bing, D.J., Downey, R.K. and Rakow, G.F.W. (1996). Hybridizations among Brassica napus, B. rapa and B. juncea and their two weedy relatives B. nigra and Sinapis arvensis under open pollination conditions in the field. Plant Breeding.

  4. Dhillon, B.S. (1975). The application of partial diallel crosses in plant breeding-A review. Crop Improv. 2(1-2): 1-8.

  5. Dobzhansky, T. (1940). Speciation as a stage in evolutionary divergence. The American Naturalist. 74(753): 312-321.

  6. Downey, R.K., Klassen, A.J. and Stringam, G.R. (1980). Rapeseed and mustard. Hybridization of Crop Plants. 495-509.

  7. Downey, R.K. and Rakow, G.F.W. (1987). Rapeseed and mustard. In: Principles of Cultivar Development Vol. 2. Feyr, W. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.

  8. Falconer, D.S. (1960). Introduction to Quantitative Genetics.

  9. Fitz John, R.G., Armstrong, T.T., Newstrom-Lloyd, L.E., Wilton, A.D. and Cochrane, M. (2007). Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica. 158(1-2): 209-230.

  10. Grant, I. and Beversdorf, W.D. (1985). Heterosis and combining ability estimates in spring-planted oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology, 27(4): 472-478.

  11. Kalton, R.R. and Leffel, R.C. (1955). Evaluation of Combining Ability in Dactylis glomerata L. III. General and Specific Effects 1. Agronomy Journal.

  12. Kempthorne, O. (1957). An Introduction of Genetic Statistics, John Willey and Sons Inc. New York, USA. 468-473.

  13. Kitashiba, H. and Nasrallah, J.B. (2014). Self-incompatibility in Brassicaceae crops: lessons for interspecific incompatibility. Breeding Science. 64(1): 23-37. jsbbs.64.23.

  14. Marinkovic, R. (1982). Inheritance of Plant Height and Leaf Number in Diallel Crossings of Sunflower Inbreds. In: Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference (USA).

  15. Meena, P.D., Verma, P.R., Saharan, G.S. and Borhan, M.H. (2014). Historical perspectives of white rust caused by Albugo candida in Oilseed Brassica. Journal of Oilseed Brassica. 5 (Special) : 1-41.

  16. Nagaharu, U. (1935). Genome analysis in Brassica with special reference to the experimental formation of B. napus and peculiar mode of fertilization. Jpn. J. Bot. 7: 389-452.

  17. Nausheen, F. and Amanullah, I.H.K. (2015). Heterosis and heterobeltiotic studies of F1 hybrids in Brassica carinata. Pak. J. Bot. 47(5): 1831-1837.

  18. Niemann, J., Olender, M. and Wojciechowski, A. (2015). Interspecific hybridization between selected Brassica napus and Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis genotypes through embryo rescue and their evaluation for crossability. BioTechnologia. Journal of Biotechnology Computational Biology and Bionanotechnology. 96(1).

  19. Niranjana, M., Akabari, V.R., Sasidharan, N. and Jadeja, G.C. (2014). Diallel analysis for yield and its contributing characters in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 5(2): 197-202.

  20. Offerson, K.B.K. (1924). Contributions to the genetics of Brassica oleracea. Hereditas. 5(3): 297-364. 10.1111/j.1601-5223.1924.tb03134.x.

  21. Ofori, A., Becker, H.C. and Kopisch-Obuch, F.J. (2008). Effect of crop improvement on genetic diversity in oilseed Brassica rapa (turnip-rape) cultivars, detected by SSR markers. Journal of Applied Genetics. 49(3): 207-212.

  22. Parveen, S.P., Rashid, M.H.R. and Bhuiyan, M.S.R. (2013). Genetic variation and selection criteria for seed yield related traits in rape seed (Brassica napus L.). Bangladesh Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics. 26(2): 15-22.

  23. Qian, W., Chen, X., Fu, D., Zou, J. and Meng, J. (2005). Intersubgenomic heterosis in seed yield potential observed in a new type of Brassica napus introgressed with partial Brassica rapa genome. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 110(7): 1187-1194.

  24. Riungu, T.C. and McVetty, P.B. (2004). Comparison of the effect of mur and nap cytoplasms on the performance of intercultivar summer rape hybrids. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 84(3): 731-738.

  25. Singh, R. K. and Dixit, P. (2007). Heterosis and combining ability studies for seed yield, its attributes and oil content in indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L) Czern and Coss]. Crop Improvement. 34(2): 192-196.

  26. Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. and Dickey, D. (1997). Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. New York: MacGraw-Hill.

  27. Synrem, G.J., Marker, S., Bhusal, T.N. and Kumar, L.N. (2015). Genetic diversity for grain yield and physiological traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Geobios. 42: 22-32.

  28. Takeshita, M., Kato, M. and Tokumasu, S. (1980). Application of ovule culture to the production of intergeneric or interspecific hybrids in brassica and raphanus. The Japanese Journal of Genetics.

  29. Tsuda, M., Okuzaki, A., Kaneko, Y. and Tabei, Y. (2012). Relationship between hybridization frequency of Brassica juncea × B. napus and distance from pollen source (B. napus) to recipient (B. juncea) under field conditions in Japan. Breeding Science.

  30. Tyagi, M.K., Chauhan, J.S., Yadav, S.K., Kumar, P.R. and Poonam, T. (2000). Heterosis in intervarietal crosses in mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss.]. Annals of Biology. 16(2): 191-194.

  31. Turi, N.A., Raziuddin, Farhatullah, Khan, N.U., Hassan, G., Bakht, J. et al. (2011). Combining ability for yield related traits in Brassica juncea. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 43(2): 1241-2011.

  32. Yadava, D.K., Singh, N., Vasudev, S., Singh, R., Singh, S., Giri, S.C., Dwivedi, V.K. and Prabhu, K.V. (2012). Combining ability and heterobeltiosis for yield and yield-contributing traits in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Indian Journal Agricultural Sciences. 82(7): 563-567.

Editorial Board

View all (0)