Loading...

Enhancing the Productivity and Quality of Tomato using Magnetized Water and Humic Acid as Bio-stimulant Agents

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-616    | Article Id: A-616 | Page : 645-655
Citation :- Enhancing the Productivity and Quality of Tomato using Magnetized Water and Humic Acid as Bio-stimulant Agents.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):645-655
Amira A. Helaly amira.helaly@alexu.edu.eg
Address : Department of Vegetable Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. 
Submitted Date : 29-01-2021
Accepted Date : 19-04-2021

Abstract

Background: Humic acid is a natural bio-stimulant, which has a major influence on growth and crop quality. Also, Magnetic water treatment enhances both crop productivity and quality, which leads to the efficient use of cultivated land by using water resources available for crop production. This study aims to determine the effects of magnetized water irrigation and application of humic acid with different concentrations as a bio-stimulation on tomato plants, Solanum Lycopersicon cv. Hybrid “86”.
Methods: The experiment was conducted during the tow growing seasons of 2018 and 2019 at the Agricultural Experimental Station Farm at Abies region, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. The experiment design was split-plot with three replications. Two irrigation water treatments (magnetized and non-magnetic water) were arranged in the main plots and four concentrations of humic acid (0, 1, 2 and 3 g L-1) were distributed over sub-plots.
Result: The results showed that irrigation with magnetized water had a positive effect on the vegetative growth traits, yield and its components and the quality of tomato fruits parameters. There was also a clear desirable effect of humic acid addition with different concentrations, as the results indicated that the use of the highest concentration of humic acid (3 g L-1) reflected the highest values for all the studied traits. The results of the interaction between irrigation with magnetized water and application of humic acid showed that the best results and the highest values for all studied characters were recorded when using magnetic water (MW) combined with 3 g L-1 of humic acid (HA), without significant differences from the interaction treatment MW combined with 2 g L-1 HA for most traits. However, the two treatments combinations MW with 2 g L-1 HA and Non-MW with 3 g L-1 HA didn’t significant differ from each other for all studied characters at the two growing seasons. These results indicated that using the magnetic water with humic acid led to the possibility of reducing the amount of humic acid by one-third and enhances both crop productivity and quality of tomato plants. Generally, we can recommend using magnetized water irrigation with humic acid addition at concentration of 3.g L-1 or 2.g L-1 to enhance the productivity and quality of the tomato plant. 

Keywords

Bio-Stimulants Fruit quality Humic acid Magnetic water Solanum lycopersicon L. Tomato

References

  1. A.O.A.C. (1995). Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. 10th Edn., AOAC., Washington, DC., USA.
  2. Abdellatif, I.M.Y., Abdel-Ati Y., Abdel-Mageed, Y.T. and Hassan, M.A. (2017). Effect of humic acid on growth and productivity of tomato plants under heat stress. Journal of Horticultural Research. 25(2): 59-66. 
  3. Abou El-Hassan, S. and Husien, M.E. (2016). Response of tomato plants to foliar application of humic, fulvic acid and chelated calcium. Egyptian Journal of Soil Science. 56(3): 401-411.
  4. Ali, Y., Samaneh, R. and Kavakebian, F. (2014). Applications of magnetic water technology in farming and agriculture development: A Review of recent advances. Current World Environment. 9 (3): 695-703.
  5. AL-Tarjuman, J.K., Mula Abed, F.N., Qasim, H.A. and AL-Dulaimi, F.K.Y. (2020). The effect of diluted foliar fertilizer with magnetic treated water in vegetable growth characteristics and productivity of tomato. Plant Archives. 20(1): 2760-    2764.
  6. Aman, S. and Rab, A. (2013). Response of tomato to nitrogen levels with or without humic Acid. In Sarhad Journal Agriculture. 29(2): 181-187.
  7. Cacco, G. and Dell’Agnolla, G. (1984). Plant growth regulator activity of soluble humic complexes. Canadian Journal of Soil Science. 64: 225-228. 
  8. Canellasa, L.P., Olivaresa, F.L., Aguiara, N.O., Jones, D.L., Nebbiosoc, A., Mazzeic, P. and Piccolo, A. (2015). Humic and fulvic acids as biostimulants in horticulture. Sci. Hort. 196: 15-27.
  9. Colic, M. and Morse, D. (1999). The elusive mechanism of the magnetic ‘memory’ of water. Coll. Surf. 154 (1-2): 167-174.
  10. Co-Stat Software, (2004). User’s Manual Version. Cohort Tusson, Arizona, USA.
  11. Dawa, K., Amer, A. and Helmy, M. (2013). Effect of magnetite, humic acid and biofertlizer as well as N, P and K concentrations application on growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Plant Production. 4(4): 641-654. 
  12. Dawa, K., Abd El-Nabi, H. and Swelam, W. (2017). Response of tomato plants to irrigation with magnetized water and some foliar application treatments under drip irrigation system: 1- Vegetative growth and chemical constituents of leaves. Journal of Plant Production. 8(11): 1127-1133. 
  13. De Lima, A.A., Alvarenga, M.A.R., Rodrigues, L. and Chitarra, A.B. (2011). Yield and quality of tomato produced on substrates and with application of humic acids. In Horticultura Brasileira. 29(3): 269-274. 
  14. Du Jardin, P. 2015. Plant biostimulants: Definition, concept, main categories and regulation. Sci. Hortic. 196: 3-14.
  15. Ebrahim, S.A. and Azab, A.E. (2017). Biological effects of magnetic water on human and animals’ biological effects of magnetic water on human and animals. Biomedical Sciences. 3(4): 78-85.
  16. El-Ghamry, A.M., Kama, M. and Abd Ghoneem, K.M. (2009). Amino and humic acids promote growth, yield and disease resistance of faba bean cultivated in clayey soil. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 3: 731-739. 
  17. El-Sagan, M.A.M. and Abd El Baset, A. (2015). Impact of magnetic on metal uptake, quality and productivity in onion crop. In IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science Ver. II. 8(9): 2319-2372.
  18. Eºitken, A. and Turan, M. (2004). Alternating magnetic field effects on yield and plant nutrient element composition of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa cv. camarosa). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science. 54(3): 135-139.
  19. FAO, (2018). Agricultural data FAOSTAT. Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.
  20. Garcia-Sancho, J. and Javier, A. (1994). Effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on ion transport in several mammalian cells. Bioelectromagnetics Journal. 1(5): 579-588.
  21. Helaly, A.A. (2018). Impact of irrigation with magnetized water under different levels of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers on growth and productivity of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.). Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 7: 1874-1884.
  22. Husein, M. and Abou El Hassan, M.M. (2015). Effect of humic, fulvic acid and calcium foliar application on growth and yield of tomato plants. In International Journal of Biosciences. 7(1): 132-140.
  23. Jayasinghe, H. and Weerawansh, A. (2018). Effect of compost and different npk concentrations on growth and yield of three tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) varieties in Sri Lanka. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies. 5(2): 129-133.
  24. Jindo, K., Olivares, F.L., Malcher, D.J.P., Sánchez-Monedero, M.A., Kempenaar, C. and Canellas, L. P. (2020). From lab to field: Role of humic substances under open-field and greenhouse conditions as biostimulant and biocontrol agent. Front. Plant Sci. 11: 426.
  25. Kazemi, M. 2013. Vegetative and reproductive growth of tomato plants affected by calcium and humic acid. Bull. Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences. 2(10): 24-29.
  26. Kumar, H., Kaushik, R.A., Ameta, K.D., Regar, A.L., Singh, K., Rajawat, K.S. and Kumari, P. (2017). Effect of humic acid and nutrients mixture on quality parameter of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) under polyhouse condition. Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 9(3): 1369-1372.
  27. Kuzin A.M., Vagabova, M.E., Vilenchik, M.M. and Gogvadze, V.G. (1986). Stimulation of plant growth by exposure to low level gamma-radiation and magnetic field and their possible mechanism of action. Enviro.n Exp. Bot. 26: 41-47.
  28. Maheshwari, B.L. and Grewal, H.S. (2009). Magnetic treatment of irrigation water: Its effects on vegetable crop yield and water productivity. Agricultural Water Management. 96(8): 1229-1236.
  29. McDonnell, R., Holden, N.M., Ward, S.M., Collins, J.F., Farrell, E.P. and Hayes, M.H.B. (2001). Characteristics of humic substances in health land and forested peat soils of the Wicklow mountains. Biology and Environment. 101(3): 187-197.
  30. Page, A., Miller, R. and Keeny, D. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, WI., Usa.
  31. Sadeghipour, O. and Aghaei, P. (2013). Improving the growth of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) by magnetized water. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 3(1): 37-43. 
  32. Sainju, U.M., Dris, R. and Singh, B. (2003). Mineral nutrition of tomato. Food, Agriculture and Environment. 1(2): 176-184.
  33. Selim, D.A., Gendy, A.A., Maria, A.M. and Mousa, E.M. (2009). Response of pepper plants to magnetic technologies. In: 1st Nile Delta Conf on Export Crops Faculty of Agriculture Minufiya University, pp. 89-104.
  34. Shah, Z.H., Rehman, H.M., Akhtar, T., Alsamadany, H., Hamooh, B.T., Mujtaba, T., Daur, I., Zahrani, Y., Al Alzahrani, H.A., Ali, S., Yang, S.H. and Chung, G. (2018). Humic substances: Determining Potential Molecular Regulatory Processes in Plants. Front. Plant Sci. 9: 263. 
  35. Shahin, M.M. and Mashhour, A.M.A. (2016). Effect of magnetized irrigation water and seeds on some water properties, growth parameter and yield productivity of cucumber plants. Current Science International: 152-164.
  36. Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, F.H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 2nd Edn., Mcgraw Hill Book Co., New York. Usa.
  37. Surendran, U., Sandeep, O. and Joseph, E.J. (2016). The impacts of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on plant, water and soil characteristics. Agricultural Water Management. 178: 21-29. 
  38. Teixeira Da Silva, J.A. and Dobránszki J. (2014). Impact of magnetic water on plant growth. Enviromental and Experimental Biology. 12(4): 137-142.
  39. Van Oosten, M.J., Pepe, O., De Pascale, S., Silletti, S. and Maggio, A. (2017). The role of biostimulants and bioeffectors as alleviators of abiotic stress in crop plants. Chem. Biol. Technol. Agric. 4: 1-13. 
  40. Vemeiren, T. (1958). Magnetic treatment of liquids for scale and corrosion prevention. Corros. Technol. 5: 215-219. 
  41. Virgine Tenshia, J.S. and Singaram, P. (2005). Influence of humic acid application on yield, nutrient availability and uptake in tomato. Madras Agriculture Journal. 10: 670-676.
  42. Wang, Y., Wei H. and Li, Z. (2018). Effect of magnetic field on the physical properties of water. Results in Physics. 8: 262-267.
  43. Witham, F.H., Blaydes, D.F. and Devlin, R.M. (1971). Experiments in plant physiology. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York: 55-56.
  44. Yusuf, K.O. and Ogunlela, A.O. (2015). Impact of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on the growth and yield of tomato. Notulae Scientia Biologicae. 7(3): 345-348.
  45. Yusuf, K.O. and Ogunlela, A.O. (2017a). Effects of magnetized water on the vegetative growth and yield of tomato. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal. 19(1): 1-8.
  46. Yusuf, K.O. and Ogunlela, A.O. (2017b). Effects of deficit irrigation on the growth and yield of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) irrigated with magnetized water. Environmental Research, Engineering and Management. 73(1): 59-68.

Global Footprints