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Effects of Plant Density and Row Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on the Coastal Sandy Land Area in Nghe An Province, Vietnam

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-614    | Article Id: A-614 | Page : 468-472
Citation :- Effects of Plant Density and Row Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on the Coastal Sandy Land Area in Nghe An Province, Vietnam.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):468-472
Tran Xuan Minh, Nguyen Cong Thanh, Tran Hau Thin, Nguyen Thi Tieng, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang minhtx@vinhuni.edu.vn
Address : Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Vinh University, 182 Le Duan, Vinh City 43108, Nghe An, Vietnam.
Submitted Date : 19-12-2020
Accepted Date : 2-03-2021

Abstract

Background: Understanding the effects of different plant densities and row spacing on yield and yield components of peanut L14 is essential for designing and adjusting management practices to improve yield. 
Methods: Five planting densities were tested in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications in 2019 spring crop on the coastal sandy land area in Dien Chau district, Nghe An, Vietnam. 
Result: The different density treatments affect the growth, development and yield of the peanut variety L14. With increasing plant density, the number of pod per plant, 100 pods weight, 100 seeds weight decreased, whereas plant height, leaf area index, dry matter production increased. Population yield increased with increasing plant density from the lowest density of 25 plants m-2 (2.78 tons ha-1), reached the highest at 35 plants m-2 (4.53 tons ha-1), then decreasing with increasing plant density. Peanut variety L14 is grown in plant densities and row spacing of 35 plants m-2 (25 cm × 25 cm) and 40 plants m-2 (25 cm × 20 cm) are most appropriate; plants grow, develop better and give a higher yield than other densities under the same conditions.

Keywords

Coastal sandy land Peanut Plant densities Row spacing Yield components

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