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Bed Planting Techniques Improved Crop Yield by Efficient use of Added Nitrogen Fertilizer

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-599    | Article Id: A-599 | Page : 542-548
Citation :- Bed Planting Techniques Improved Crop Yield by Efficient use of Added Nitrogen Fertilizer.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):542-548
Abdul Majeed, Abid Niaz, Aysha Sameen, Hafiz Basheer Ahmad, Muhammad Younus, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Arif drmajeed1805@gmail.com
Address : Sugarcane Research Institute, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Submitted Date : 25-09-2020
Accepted Date : 27-03-2021

Abstract

Background: Nitrogen fertilizer is imperative for rice and wheat growth and dry matter yield as compare to other macronutrients. Nitrogen is also added in high amount in every one of rice and wheat cultivation method. Effective uptake of added nitrogen by crops from soil supports in increasing crop growth and dry matter yield. Best N fertilizer utilization is indispensable for improving crop growth and to decrease environmental pollution. 
Methods: A comparison of the utility of nitrogen fertilizer usage by plants in wheat and rice crops grown on beds and flat land was planned in the current investigation. Beds were manufactured with bed planter machine. The plant samples were collected, dried and digested with acid for mineral nutrients analysis after harvesting the crops.
Result: The results showed that the addition of N fertilizer (80 kg / ha) to the bed produced at par yield (4.51 t / ha) as obtained by an addition of 120 kg N / ha in flat sowing. Planting of rice on bed plus furrow and adding N (100 kg / ha) to the prescribed dosage of N (150 kg / ha) in flat sowing produced at par yield. It concludes that by planting crops on beds without loss in yield, higher use of N fertilizer in crops can be minimized. Thus, bed planting strategies effectively and indirectly minimize nitrous oxide emissions from applied nitrogen fertilizers in wheat and rice crop fields through increasing the usage of added N fertilizer through plants.

Keywords

Bed planting Grain yield Nitrogen contents Rice Wheat

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