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Optimizing Seed Rates and Effects of Direct and Indirect Selection Indices in Sugarcane Crop

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-580    | Article Id: A-580 | Page : 235-238
Citation :- Optimizing Seed Rates and Effects of Direct and Indirect Selection Indices in Sugarcane Crop.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):235-238
Abdul Khaliq, Naeem Ahmad, Hafiz Basheer Ahmad, Muhammad Younus, Rashad ul sher, Shazia saeed, Iqtidar Hussain khaliq1775@gmail.com
Address : Sugarcane Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Submitted Date : 13-06-2020
Accepted Date : 14-09-2020

Abstract

Background: Under current scenario of High cost of Production of Sugarcane crop, it is need of time to decide specific seed rate for individual varieties. Sugarcane seed contributes to 10-20% of cost of production and farmers invests about Rs. 20000/- per acre on planting material. The costs of seed can be curtailed by optimizing seed rate. Similarly, seed rate varies with different varieties. In this view, a field experiment was carried out to optimize the seed rate of promising sugarcane clones.
Methods: A field experiment was carried using randomized complete block design with factorial arrangements having three replications at Sugarcane Research Institute, Faisalabad during 2016-17 and 2017-18. 
Result: The results revealed that maximum cane diameter was recorded for S2008-AUS-133 at seed rate of 25000 and 50000 triple budded setts/ha. However; maximum number of canes/ha were recorded for S2008-AUS-133 at seed rate of 75000 setts/ha followed by HSF-240 at 75000 setts/ha. Maximum cane yield was noted for HSF-240 at seed rate of 75000 followed by S2008-AUS-133 at seed rate of 50000 and lowest can yield was recorded in S2003-US-127 at seed rate of 25000 triple budded setts/ha. Genotypic and phenotypic variances were higher for plant height (381.63, 133.91 cm) and cane yield (406.50, 330.65 kg/plot).Genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variances were moderate for number of tillers (11.6%, 15.44%) and higher for cane yield (20.24%, 22.44%). It means that variability in 4 genotypes for cane yield was higher. Thus variety S2008-AUS-133 showed better performance at seed rate 75000 while during selection, number of tillers and height should be considered for further breeding program. 

Keywords

Correlation Genetic advance Heritability Seed rate Sugarcane Varieties Yield

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