Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 2 (april 2021) : 169-174

Mineral Content and Quality Parameters of Tomato Fruits as Affected by Different Potassium Fertilization Treatments and Cultivar Specifics

Veselina H. Vasileva, Nikolai S. Dinev
1Department of Soil Science, Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnology and Plant Protection “Nikola Poushkarov”, Agricultural Academy, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria.
Cite article:- Vasileva H. Veselina, Dinev S. Nikolai (2020). Mineral Content and Quality Parameters of Tomato Fruits as Affected by Different Potassium Fertilization Treatments and Cultivar Specifics. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(2): 169-174. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-563.
Background: Potassium is one of the essential nutrients for optimal plant growth and development, related to higher yield and improved crop quality. Split potassium fertilization achieved maximum nutrient efficiency and improved the available potassium status in the root zone. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the split potassium application affects the mineral content and the quality parameters of various tomato cultivars.
Methods: A pot experiment was undertaken to investigate the impact of single dose and split potassium fertilization treatments on nutrient content and quality traits of tomato fruits. Seven high yielding, early and mid-early tomato cultivars and hybrids were planted on Fluvisol and subjected to separate single dose and split potassium fertilization treatments (1. N200+200Ð300Ê450; 2. N200+200Ð300Ê225+225) as K2SO4, at constant nitrogen (NH4NO3) and phosphorus (Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O) fertilization rates.
Result: Results revealed that mineral content in tomato fruits was significantly affected by cultivar, while the potassium fertilization type did not have a statistically proven effect. Positive relationships between potassium content and lycopene and sugars in tomato fruits were present. Highest mineral content was measured in fruits of “Sheena F1” and “Nikolina F1”, which also stand out with high biochemical attributes – lycopene, ascorbic acids, sugars and dry matter content. All tested biochemical parameters defining tomato fruit quality (except for acidity) were significantly affected by split potassium fertilization treatments.
  1. Afzal, I., Hussain, B., Basra, S., Ullah, S., Shakeel, Q., Kamran, M. (2015). Foliar application of potassium improves fruit quality and yield of tomato plants. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus. 14(1): 3-13.
  2. Ahmad, N., Sarfraz, M., Farooq, U., Arfan-ul-Haq, M., Mushtaq, M., Ali, M. (2015). Effect of potassium and its time of application on yield and quality of tomato. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 5(9): 1-4.
  3. Annadurai, K., Palaniappan, S.P., Masilamani, P., Kavimani, R. (2000) Split application of potassium on rise – A review. Agricultural Reviews. 21(1): 36-44.
  4. Bidari, B., Hebsur, S. (2011). Potassium in relation to yield and quality of selected vegetable crops, Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 24(1): 55-59.
  5. Clinton, K. (1998). Lycopene: chemistry, biology and implications for human health and disease. Nutritional Review. 56: 35-51.
  6. Davies, J., Hobson, G., Mc Glasson, W. (1981). The constituents of tomato fruit – the influence of environment, nutrition and genotype. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 15: 205-280.
  7. Davies, J., Winsor, G. (1967). Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and liming on the composition of tomato fruit. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 18: 459-466.
  8. Dorais, M., Papadopoulos, A., Gosselin, A. (2010). Greenhouse tomato fruit quality. p. 239-319. In: Horticultural Reviews. Vol. 26 (ed J. Janick), John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Oxford, UK 2010.
  9. Dorais, M., Papadopoulos, A., Turcotte, G., Gosselin, A. (1999). Can tomato fruit quality and flavor be controlled by EC and water management? International Society of Horticultural Science, Hydroponics and Growing Media Symposium, Halkidiki, Greece, August 31 to September 6, 1999, 76.
  10. Fanasca, S., Colla, G., Maiani, G., Venneria, E., Rouphael, Y., Assini, E., Saccardo, F. (2006). Changes in antioxidant content of tomato fruits in response to cultivar and nutrient solution composition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 54(12): 4319-4325.
  11. Genadiev, A., Êalcheva, D., Nenchev, N, Tavekeliev, D. and Chavdarova N. (1969). Food Products Analysis. Technique, Sofia, p. 696 (BG).
  12. Hartz, T., Johnstone, P., Francis, D., Miyao, E. (2005). Processing tomato yield and fruit quality improved with potassium fertigation. Horticultural Science. 40(6): 1862-1867.
  13. Hartz, Ò. (2007). Fertility management of processing tomato, 2007 Plantand Soil Conference. 71-76.
  14. Hasan, R. (2002). Potassium Status of Soils in India. Better Crops International. 16(2): 3-5.
  15. Hegde, S., Vijayalakshmi, Prasad, T., Raghotham, K. (2007). Development of tomato products and their nutrient composition. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 26(2): 94-97.
  16. Henry, T., Perkins-Veazie, P., Li, S., White, W., Rodermel, S., Xu, Y. (2008). Enhancement of tomato fruit lycopene by potassium is cultivar dependent. Horticultural Science. 43(1): 159-165.
  17. Heuvelink, Ep. (2018). Tomatoes (2nd edition). Oxfordshire, OX, Boston, MA: CABI, 2018.
  18. Horneck, D., Miller, R. (1998). Determination of total nitrogen in plant tissue, p. 75-83, in Handbook of reference methods for plant analysis [(ed.) by Y. Kalra], Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
  19. Jones, R., Scott, S. (1983). Improvement of tomato flavor by genetically increasing sugar and acid contents. Euphytica. 32(3): 845-855.
  20. Kader, A. (2008). Flavor quality of fruits and vegetables. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 88(11): 1863-1868.
  21. Kanai, S., Ohkura, K., Adu-Gyamfi, J., Mohapatra, P., Nguyen, N., Saneoka, H., Fujita, K. (2007). Depression of sink activity precedes the inhibition of biomass production in tomato plants subjected to potassium deficiency stress. Journal of Experimental Botany. 58(11): 2917-2928.
  22. Lester, G., Jifon, J., Rogers, G. (2005). Impact of potassium nutrition on food quality of fruits and vegetable. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 130(1): 649-653.
  23. Levander, O. (1990). Fruit and vegetable contributions to dietary mineral intake in human health and disease. Horticultural Science. 25(12): 1486-1488.
  24. Manuelyan, H. (1991). Express methods for assessing the carotenoid composition of tomato fruits, p. 193-195, In: Genetic improvement of tomato [(ed.) G.Kallo], Spring –Velag.
  25. Mincheva, M., Brashnarova, A. (1975). Certain ways of mineralization of plant materials by routine analyses to K, Ca, Mg, Na, Zn, Mn, Cu and Fe by the methods of contemporary spectrophotometry. Soil Science and Agrochemistry 10 (1): 114-122 (BG).
  26. Mitova I. (2007). Dinamic of blooming and formation of K in tomatoes grown over Luvic Chernozem and independance of the form of nitrogen source. Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Ecology. 41(1): 44-51.
  27. Mitova, I., Banov, M., Nenova, L. (2016). Grower and reproduced behavior of tomatoes on substrates for soil reclamation. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science. 22(6): 912-920.
  28. Mukta, S., Rahman, M., Mortuza, Md. (2016). Yield and nutrient content of tomato as Influenced by the application of vermicompost and chemical fertilizers. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources. 8(2): 115-122.
  29. Naidu, À. (2003). Vitamin C in human health and disease is still a mystery? An Overview. Nutrition Journal. 2: 7.
  30. Narolia, R. and Reddy, R. (2010). Genetic diversity among tomato (Solanum lycopersicon Mill.) genotypes-A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 3(31): 217-223.
  31. Perkins-Veazie, P., Roberts, W. (2003). Can potassium application affect the mineral and antioxidant content of horticultural crops? American Society of Agronomy Proceedings Symposium on Fertilizing Crops for Functional Foods. 2: 1-6.
  32. Rao, A., Rao, L. (2007). Carotenoids and human health. Pharmacological Research. 55(3): 207-216.
  33. Rath, S., Olempska-Beer, Z., Kuznesof, P. (2009). Lycopene extract from tomato. Chemical and technical assessment. Centre for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. FDA.
  34. Singh, H., Singh, G. (2013). Effect of potassium and split application of nitrogen on yield attributes and yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) merrill). Agricultural Science Digest. 33(4): 264-268.
  35. Sosnitsky, P. (1996). Salinity, potassium and N nutrition effect on lycopene content of processing tomato. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, Israel.
  36. Taber, H., Perkins-Veazie, P., Li, S., White, W., Roderniel, S., Xu, Y. (2008). Enhancement of tomato fruit lycopene by potassium is cultivar dependent. Horticultural Science. 43(1): 159-165.
  37. Thompson, K., Marshall, M., Sims, C., Wei, C., Sargent, S., Scott, J. (2000). Cultivar, maturity and heat treatment on lycopene content in tomatoes. Journal of Food Science. 65(5): 791-795.
  38. Tiwari, K., Dev, G., Sharma, D., Singh, U. (1998). Maximizing yield of a rice wheat sequence in recently reclaimed salinesodic soils. Better Crop International. 12(2): 9-11.

Editorial Board

View all (0)