Increase Resistance to Maydis Leaf Blight and Productivity of Maize in Ultisol Soils with A Combination of Organic Material and Biological Agents Biofresh

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-556    | Article Id: A-556 | Page : 623-628
Citation :- Increase Resistance to Maydis Leaf Blight and Productivity of Maize in Ultisol Soils with A Combination of Organic Material and Biological Agents Biofresh.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):623-628
Handrid, Andi Khaeruni, Teguh Wijayanto, La Ode Safuan, La Ode Santiaji Bande handrid312@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agricultural Sciences, Post Graduate Program Halu Oleo University Kendari 93121, Indonesia.
Submitted Date : 18-03-2020
Accepted Date : 24-07-2020

Abstract

Background: Low nutrient content in ultisol soils and the result of Maydis leaf rot are a major problem in efforts to increase corn productivity in Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The use of organic materials and biological agents is one of the solutions in increasing disease resistance and corn productivity in the environmentally friendly ultisol lands. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the biological agent Biofresh combined with various types of organic material to increase resistance to Maydis leaf rot and maize productivity in ultisol lands.
Methods: Research in April-August 2017 in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. With 21 units of experiments using a random block design with 7 treatments in combination of Biofresh with organic material ‘Bokashi’. consists of: B0 = Inorganic fertilizer; B1 = Organic material of cow dung; B2 = Biofresh Biological Agent; B3 = Biofresh biological agent combined with cow dung organic matter; B4 = Biofresh biological agent combination with bokashi cow dung and straws; B5 = Biofresh combination of biological agents with bokashi cow dung and soybean Sitter; B6 = Biofresh Biological agent combination with all Cow, straw and soybean bokashi.
Result: The results showed that the combination of Biofresh with organic material in the form of bokashi at a dose of 5 tons ha-1 was very effective in increasing the durability and productivity of corn plants in ultisol land. The combination of Biofresh biological agents with bokashi containing cow’s feses, straw, and soy litter can reduce Maydis leaf blight leaf blight disease by 47.36% and increase production by 53.54%. Disease suppression index is positively correlated with maize crop productivity in Ultisol land.

Keywords

Biological agents Organic Material Maydis leaf blight ultisol land

References

  1. Al-Zaidi A. Elhag EA. Otaibi and SHA. Baig MB. (2011). Negative effects of pesticides on the environment and the farmer awareness in Saudi Arabia: A case study. The J. of Animal and Plant Scien. 21(3): 605-611.
  2. Arinong AR. Rukka H. and Vibriana L. (2008). Growth and production of mustard plants by giving bokashi. J. Agrisystem. Vol 4(2): 75-80.
  3. Bonanomi G. Antignani V. Pane C and Cala F. (2007). Suppression of soilborne fungal diseases with organic amendments. J. of Plant Pathol. 89(3): 311-324.
  4. Central Statistics Agency R.I. (2016). National Maize Production and Productivity. 
  5. Cooke BM. (1998). Disease assessment and yield loss. In: Jones DG. (ed). The Epidemiology of Plant Disease. Ed 2nd. London (UK): Kluwer. Pp.42-72.
  6. Directorate of Food Crop Protection, Ministry of Agriculture R.I. (2015). Technical Guidelines for Monitoring and Observation and Reporting of Plant Destruction Organisms and the Impact of Climate Change. Pp. 15-16.
  7. Isnaini M. (2006). Organic Agriculture for Economic Benefits & Earth Sustainability. Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta Discourse Creation.
  8. Khaeruni A. Johan EA. Wijayanto T. Taufik M. Syafar AAR. Sutariati GAK. (2018). Induction of soybean resistance to bacterial pustule disease (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines) by rhizobacteria and organic material treatment. Doi: 10. 1088/1755-1315/122/1/012052. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 122-012052.
  9. Khaeruni A. Satriana D.Wijayanto T.Harnowo Didik. Syafar AAR. Wahab A. (2016). Effect of biological agents (Biofresh) and organic matter to progress of Soybean Mosaic Virus (SMV) and yield of soybean in sub-optimal ultisol land. Int. J. of Bioscience. Vol. 8(5): 136-145.
  10. Khaeruni A. Sutariati GAK. Wahyuni S. (2010). Characterization and test of the activity of ultisol rhizosphere bacteria as a growth booster and biological agents of soil-borne pathogenic fungi in vitro. J. Pests and Plant Diseases. Trop. Vol. 10(2): 123-130.
  11. Khaeruni A. Wijayanto T. Sutariati GAK. Asniah and Sulqifly. (2015). Improvement of resistance agents pathogens grow and yield of soybean on marginal land using indigenous rhizobacteria formulation. Recent Advance in Mathematical and Computational Methods. p. 194-200. Proceeding of WSEAS conference. Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia April 2015.
  12. Mubeen S. Rafique M. Munis MFH. Chaudhary HJ. (2017). Study of southern corn leaf bligh (SCLB) on maize genotypes and its effect on yield. J. of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sci. 16: 210-217.
  13. Nawangsih AA and Wardani FF. (2014). Interaction between endophytic bacteria and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria to control bacterial wilt disease on tomato. J. Fitopatologi Indonesia. Vol. 10(5): 145-152.
  14. Paraschivu M, Cotuna O (2013). The use of the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) to assess the epidemics of Septoria tritici in winter wheat. Research Journal of Agricultural Science. 45(1): 193-201. 
  15. Rachman A. Dahria A. Santoso J. (2006). In: Simanungkalit RDM. Suriadikarta DA.Saraswati R.Setyorini D. Hartatik W (eds.). Organic Fertilizer and Biofertilizer. Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources. Agricultural Research and Development Agency. Bogor. Pupuk Hijau. p. 41-58.
  16. Satrah VN. (2014). The stability of indegenous bacteria in their form and formulation and their role in increasing the resistance and production of soybean plants (Glycine max L. Meril) in Ultisol soils [Thesis]. Agronomy Study Program. PPs at Halu Oleo University. Kendari.
  17. Suriadikarta. Ardi D. Simanungkalit RDM. (2006). Organic Fertilizer and Biofertilizer. Center for Research and Development of Agricultural Land Resources. ISBN 978-979-9474-57-5.
  18. Szpyrka E.Borowiec MS. Matyaszek A.Podbielska M. Rupar J. (2016). Pesticide Residues in Raw Agricultural Products from the South-Eastern Region of Poland and the Acute Risk Assessment. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 67(3):237-245.
  19. Tola F. Hamzah. Dahlan and Kaharuddin. (2007). The effect of using bokashi fertilizer dosage for cow dung on the growth and production of corn plants. J. Agrisistem. Vol 3(1): 1-8.
  20. Wahyuni. Rainto S. Muanisah U and Setyanto P. (2016). Utilization of organic fertilizer to increase bacterial populations and the production of ranca ganca rice plants. Proceeding Biology Education Conference Vol. 13 (1): 752-756.
  21. Wijayanto T. Khaeruni A. Muhidin. Tufaila M. Paat D. (2017). The effectiveness of a biotechnological-based fertilizer “Biofresh” in combination with organic matter on Soybean Health Production. Research J. of Pharmaceutical. Biological and Chemical Sci. Vol. 8(2): 2808-2817. 

Global Footprints