Loading...

Growth and Yield Performances of Wheat Genotypes under Restricted Irrigation in Eastern Sub-Himalayan Plains

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5545    | Article Id: A-5545 | Page : 505-508
Citation :- Growth and Yield Performances of Wheat Genotypes under Restricted Irrigation in Eastern Sub-Himalayan Plains.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):505-508
Jince Mary M. Joy, Biplab Mitra, A.K. Singha Roy jincymundonayil@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Coochbehar-736 165, West Bengal, India.
Submitted Date : 2-03-2020
Accepted Date : 7-12-2020

Abstract

Background: Water scarcity is one of the major problems faced by farmers for crop production. Productivity and sustainability of a crop like wheat which is highly susceptible to water stress could be affected the most. Identifying and growing such varieties of wheat which could thrive under restricted irrigation could solve the problem. The current study aimed to evaluate the performance of certain new wheat genotypes under restricted irrigation.
Methods: A field experiment was conducted in eastern sub-Himalayan plains during Rabi season, 2016-2017 to evaluate the performance of certain wheat genotypes under restricted irrigation. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with three different levels of irrigation, viz., no irrigation, one irrigation at CRI stage, two irrigations at CRI and booting stage, randomly allotted in main plots; while six genotypes comprising HI 1612, HD 2888, C 306, K 8027, HD 3171 and K 1317 were randomly allocated in sub plots.
Result: It was observed that with increase in number of irrigation, the overall biomass production increased irrespective of genotypes. The highest biomass (7.38 t ha-1) was achieved in plots where two irrigations were given. Higher leaf area with increased plant height and tiller number as well as higher values of major yield components viz., number of spikes m-2 and number of filled grain spike-1 were also achieved in plots receiving two irrigations. The twice irrigated plot also exhibited higher yields (3.02 t ha-1) as compared to once irrigated plot. With increase in number of irrigation the grain yield increased significantly. Among the genotypes, HI 1612 reflected the maximum grain yield (2.76 t ha-1) under restricted irrigation though there was no significant variation in grain yield achieved with the other 5 genotypes except HD 3171.

Keywords

Genotypes Growth Restricted irrigation Wheat Yield

References

  1. Ahmad, A. and Kumar, R. (2015). Effect of irrigation scheduling on the growth and yield of wheat genotypes. Agricultural Science Digest. 35(3): 199 - 202.
  2. Arzani, A. (2002). Grain yield performance of durum wheat germplasm under Iranian dryland and irrigated field conditions. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics. 34(1): 9-18.
  3. Bandyopadhyay, P.K. and Mallick, S. (2003). Actual evapotranspiration and crop coefficients of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under varying moisture levels of humid tropical canal command area. Agricultural Water Management. 59(1): 33-47.
  4. Berry, P.M., Sterling, M., Spink, J.H., Baker, C.J., Sylvester-Bradley, R.S., Mooney, A.R., Tams, A.R., Ennos, A.R. (2004). Understanding and Reducing Lodging in Cereals. Advances in Agronomy. 84: 217-271.
  5. Choudhury, P.N. and Kumar, V. (1980). The sensitivity of growth and yield of dwarf wheat to water stress at three growth stages. Irrigation Science. 1(4): 223-231.
  6. Cochran, W.G. and Cox, G.M. (1955). Experimental designs. 1963. New York.
  7. Das, S. and Mitra, B. (2011). Performance of different wheat genotypes under various levels of nitrogen in rainfed condition of terai region of West Bengal. Journal of Crop and Weed. 7(1): 23-25.
  8. Dhaka, A.K., Bangarwa, A.S., Pannu, R.K., Malik, R.K., Garg, R. (2006). Phenological development, yield and yield attributes of different wheat genotypes as influenced by sowing time and irrigation levels. Agricultural Science Digest. 26(3): 174-177.
  9. Mann, R.A., Ramzan, M., Munir, A. (2008). Improving the sustainability of wheat production in irrigated areas of Punjab, Pakistan through conservation tillage technology. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 10(3): 249-254.
  10. Mitra, B. and Das, S. (2015). Economization of irrigation schedule in wheat cultivation under sub-Himalayan plains of West Bengal. Journal of Crop and Weed. 11(2): 122-126.
  11. Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme (1967). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. 100-174. 
  12. Rajesh, K.M., Parihar, S.S., Singh, M., Khanna, M. (2015). Influence of date of sowing and irrigation regimes on crop growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and its relationship with temperature in semi-arid region. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 60 (1): 72- 78.
  13. Sharma, B.D., Kar, S., Cheema, S.S. (1990). Yield, water use and nitrogen uptake for different water and N levels in winter wheat. Fertilizer Research. 22(2): 119-127.
  14. Shirpurkar, G.N., Sonawane, P.D., Wagh, M.P., Patil, D.T. (2008). Performance of wheat genotypes under restricted irrigation conditions. Agricultural Science Digest. 28(1): 57-58.
  15. Singha, P., Mondal, T., Patra, K. and Mitra, B. (2018). Straw mulch and restricted irrigation effect on productivity, profitability and water use in wheat (Triticum aestivim L.) under various crop establishment techniques in eastern sub-Himalayan plains of India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 7(2): 1521-1533.

Global Footprints