Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 6 (december 2021) : 745-750

Flood Threat on Cereal Crops Production in Irrigated and Rainfed Agriculture: A Study of Selected Indian States

Md Aktar Hussain, Pradyut Guha
1Department of Economics, Sikkim University, Gangtok-737 102, Sikkim, India.
Cite article:- Hussain Aktar Md, Guha Pradyut (2021). Flood Threat on Cereal Crops Production in Irrigated and Rainfed Agriculture: A Study of Selected Indian States. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(6): 745-750. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5541.
Background: As one of the various forms of exogenous threat for agriculture, flood, a recurrent phenomenon in several Indian states has severe impact on agriculture and damages substantial amount of crops annually. There is dearth of scholarly attempt to understand flood threat on each cereal crop output in irrigated and rainfed setup. The present study aimed to examine the threat of flood on cereal crops output in irrigated and rainfed agriculture during 1990-91 to 2016-17 using data of 17 selected Indian states from various published sources.
Methods: Three stage least squares estimation technique was used for jointly determining association of flood affected area with output of cereals crop together with impact of annual average rainfall, irrigation infrastructure on spread of flood. 
Result: The result reveals that output of cereal crops have positive significant association with area under farming while the relationship found to be inverse with area affected by flood. Surprisingly the irrigation infrastructure has been seen to be contributory towards spread of flood in the study area. 
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