Barley Cultivars and Seed Rates Effects on Energy and Water Productivity of Green Fodder Production under Hydroponic Condition

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-554    | Article Id: A-554 | Page : 792-796
Citation :- Barley Cultivars and Seed Rates Effects on Energy and Water Productivity of Green Fodder Production under Hydroponic Condition.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):792-796
Sadegh Afzalinia, Abdolhamid Karimi sja925@mail.usask.ca
Address : Department of Agricultural Engineering Research, Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, AREEO, Shiraz, Iran.
Submitted Date : 7-03-2020
Accepted Date : 2-05-2020

Abstract

Background: Green fodder availability for livestock is decreasing because of climate change impacts on crop productivity and scarcity of land and water resources. Therefore, barley green fodder production in hydroponic systems could be an alternative to ensure sustainable green forage production for livestock. In spite having advantages such as high nutritional and economical values, marginal land use, providing natural feed for animals, and availability during all seasons of year, green fodder production in hydroponic system should be evaluated from energy, water productivity, and GHG emissions intensity point of view. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of barley cultivars and seed rates on the energy indices, GHG emissions intensity, and water productivity of barley green fodder production under hydroponic condition.
Methods: This research was conducted in the form of a completely randomized experimental design with two factors, 12 treatments, and 12 replications. Barley cultivars of Raihan, Behrokh, EC and Fasih were main factors, and seed rates of 600, 700, and 800 g/tray were considered as subplots. Input and output energies, energy indices, fodder dry matter, water productivity, and GHG emissions intensity were determined in this study.
Result: Results showed that barley cultivar and seed rate had significant effect on fodder dry matter, water productivity, and GHG emission intensity; while, energy indices were only affected by barley cultivars. Behrokh cultivar had the highest fodder dry matter, water productivity, energy indices, and the lowest GHG emission intensity. Seed rate of 800 g/tray provided the highest fodder dry matter, water productivity, and lowest GHG emission intensity. Therefore, Behrokh barley cultivar with seed rate of 800 g/tray was recommended for barley green fodder production in hydroponic systems in semi-arid climate condition of Iran.  

Keywords

Fodder dry mater Energy indices Energy share

References

  1. Al-Karaki, G. and Al-Momani N. (2011). Evaluation of some barley cultivars for green fodder production and water use efficiency under hydroponic conditions. Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 7: 448-457.
  2. Ansari, Sh.T., Ravi, A., Ramana, J.V., Ganga, G . 2019. Voluntary intake and plane of nutrition of sheep fed hydroponic fodder varieties. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53: 1054-1058.
  3. Bekuma, A. (2019). Nutritional benefit and economic value of hydroponics fodder production technology in sustainable livestock production against climate change- A nini-review. Advances in Applied Sciences. 4(1): 23-25.
  4. Bilalis D., Kamariari, P.E., Karkanis, A., Efthimladou, A., Zorpas, A., Kakabouk, I. (2013). Energy inputs, output and productivity in organic and conventional maize and tomato production, under Mediterranean conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 41(1): 190-194.
  5. DEE (Department of the Environment and Energy). (2018). Australian National Greenhouse Accounts: National Greenhouse Accounts Factors. July 2018. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Available online at http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/3.0/au.
  6. El-Morsy, A.T., Abul-Soud, M., Emam, M.S.A. (2013). Localized hydroponic green forage technology as a climate change adaptation under Egyptian conditions. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 9(6): 341-350.
  7. Emam, M.S.A. (2016). The Sprout Production and Water use Efficiency of some Barley Cultivars under Intensive Hydroponic System. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research. 5(2): 161-170. 
  8. Firat Baran, M. and Gokdogan, O. (2014). Energy input-output analysis of barley production in Thrace region of Turkey. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science. 14 (11): 1255-1261.
  9. Ghazi, N., Al-Karaki, G., Al-Hashimi, M. (2012). Green Fodder Production and Water Use Efficiency of Some Forage Crops under Hydroponic Conditions. ISRN Agronomy. 1-5.
  10. Guney, M., Kale, C., Bolat, D., Deniz, S. (2016). Determination of the yield characteristics and in vitro digestibility of barleyforage harvested in different vegetation periods. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50: 947-950.
  11. Houshyar, E. (2017). Environmental impacts of irrigated and rain-fed barley production in Iran using life cycle assessment (LCA). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research. 15(2): 1-13.
  12. Kitani, O., Jungbluth, T., Peart, R.M., Ramdani, A. (1999). CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineers, Energy and Biomass Engineering. vol. 5, ASAE Publication, MI.
  13. Lal, R. (2004). Carbon emission from farm operation. Environment International. 30: 981-990.
  14. Maraseni, T.N, Cockfield, G., Apan, A. (2007). A comparison of greenhouse gas emissions from inputs into farm enterprises in Southeast Queensland, Australia. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 42: 11-19.
  15. Pishgar, K.S.H., Keyhani, A., Raûee, Sh., Sefeedpary, P. (2011). Energy use and economic analysis of corn silage production under three cultivated area levels in Tehran province of Iran. Energy. 36: 3335-3341.
  16. Riveroa, D.S., Villamil, A.M.S., Mahecha, O.M., Terán, A.M., Rivero, M.S., Navarro, A.M.S. (2016). Evaluation of the Effect ofTwo Types of Fertilizer on the Growth, Development and Productivity of Hydroponic Green Forage Oat (Avena sativa L.) and Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) as a Biomass Source. Chemical Engineering Transactions. 50: 385-390.
  17. Shahin, S., Jafari, A., Mobli, H., Rafiee, S., Karimi, M. (2008). Effect of farm size on energy ratio for wheat production: A case study from Ardabil province of Iran. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science. 3(4): 604-608.
  18. Shama M, Saedi H, Nikpour Tehrani K, Morvarid A. (1989). Animal and poultery feeds and Methods of their storage (principals of animal and poultery feeds), 4th Ede., University of Tehran Publications [In Persian].
  19. Ziaei, S.M., Mazloumzadeh, S.M., Jabbary, M. (2015). A comparison of energy use and productivity of wheat and barley (case study). Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 14(1): 19-25.

Global Footprints