Effect of Integrated Crop Management Practices on Growth, Seed Yield and Economics of Field Pea (Pisam sativum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5529    | Article Id: A-5529 | Page : 115-118
Citation :- Effect of Integrated Crop Management Practices on Growth, Seed Yield and Economics of Field Pea (Pisam sativum L.).Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):115-118
S.K. Sharma, Rakesh Kumar, Parveen Kumar sksharma67@rediffmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 15-02-2020
Accepted Date : 3-07-2020

Abstract

Background: Field pea (Pisam sativum L.) has high yield potential and is grown for food, feed and vegetable. To meet the need of pulses in human diet, the use of integrated crop management practices is indispensable. Therefore, integrated crop management practices are the only option for increasing the field pea production and sustainability. The current study aimed to study the effect the different crop management practices on growth, seed yield and economics of field pea crop.
Methods: In this field experiments were conducted during rabi 2013-14 to 2015-16 at Research Farm of Pulse Section, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. The experiment consisted of eight crop management practices viz. control, NM (Nutrient Management): RDF (20:40 kg NP ha-1), WM (Weed Management): Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg a.i. ha-1 + one hand weeding at 30 DAS), PM (Pest Management): spray of quinalphos 25 EC one litre per ha in 250-300 litres of water as and when required, NM + WM, NM + PM, WM + PM, NM + WM + PM was laid out in a randomized block design with three replications.
Result: Our investigations under field study revealed that significantly taller plants and higher plant height, number of branches per plant, number of pods per plant, 100 seed weight, seed and straw yield were recorded under integration of NM + WM + PM being at par with that of integration of NM + WM over remaining crop management practices either singly or in combinations of both or control. Integration of NM + WM + PM recorded lower weeds dry weight (42.9 kg ha-1) at harvest and higher weed control efficiency (92.2%) compared to all other crop management practices. The practice of integration of NM + WM + PM gave highest net returns of `49196 ha-1 compared to other crop management practices.

Keywords

BC ratio Field pea Nutrient management Pest management Seed yield Weed management Yield attributes

References

  1. Ali, M. and Kumar, S. (2007). Pulses: Good option for rainfed area. The Hindu survey of Indian agriculture, Kasturi and Son’s Ltd., Kasturi Buildings, Chennai: 39-41.
  2. Anonymous (2018). Source agricoop.nic.in. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmer Welfare, Government of India. 
  3. Awal, M.A. and Roy, A. (2015). Effect of weeding on the growth and yield of three varieties of lentil (Lens culinaris L.). American Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Research. 2(2): 26-31.
  4. Chaubey, T., Manimurugan, C., Gupta, Nakul, Kumar, Rajesh, Singh, P. M. and Singh, B. (2016). Effect of different weed management practices on seed yield and quality of vegetable pea. Vegetable Sci. 43(1): 142-144.
  5. Corre-Hellou, G. and Crozet, Y. (2005). Nitrogen fixation and N supply in organic pea (Pisum sativum L.) cropping systems as affected by weeds and pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.). European J. Agron. 22: 449-458.
  6. Khan, Naushad, Tripathi, A. K. and Dubay, A. P. (2009). Effect of integrated nutrient management on productivity and profitability of garden pea (Pisam sativum L. subsp. hortense) in cereal plain zone of Uttar Pradesh. Current Advances in Agric. Sci. 1: 91-93.
  7. Kumari, A., Singh, O.N. and Kumar, R. (2012). Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, seed yield and economics of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) and soil fertility changes. J. of Food Legumes. 25 (2): 121-124.
  8. Kushwaha, B. L. (1994). Response of French bean to nitrogen application in north Indian plains. Indian J. Agron. 39: 34-37.
  9. Pedde, K. C., Gore, A. K. and Chavan, A. S. (2013). Integrated weed management in chickpea. Indian J. Weed Sci. 45 (4): 299.
  10. Qureshi, F. and Bashir, U. (2016). Effect of integrated nutrient management on sustainable production and profitability of field pea (Pisam sativum L.) and soil fertility in sub tropical conditions. Legume Res. 39(1): 101-105.
  11. Rana, S. C., Pandita, V. K., Chhokar, R. S. and Sirohi, S. (2015). Effect of pre and post emergence herbicides on weeds and seed yield of garden pea. Legume Res. 38(4): 484-487.
  12. Suresh (2015). Influence of integrated crop management practices on the performance of field pea (Pisum sativum L.). M.Sc. Thesis submitted to G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar.
  13. Tripathi, A. K. (2016). Productivity enhancement of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik) through integrated crop management technologies. Legume Res. 39(6): 999-1002. 

Global Footprints