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Soil Fertility Appraisal for Pea Growing Regions of Himachal Pradesh using GPS and GIS Techniques

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5516    | Article Id: A-5516 | Page : 452-457
Citation :- Soil Fertility Appraisal for Pea Growing Regions of Himachal Pradesh using GPS and GIS Techniques.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55): 452-457
Nishant Thakur, Rakesh Sharma, Anil Kumar, Kunal Sood rakeshsolan@gmail.com
Address : Department of Soil Science and Water Management, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr. YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Neri, Hamirpur-171 001, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 1-02-2020
Accepted Date : 21-10-2020

Abstract

Background: Overexploitation of productive lands creates serious problem of lowering the fertility status of soil and it leads to deterioration of soil. The deficiency of nutrients directly affects on the growth of crops and crop response become poor. Pea crop, like other plants, need different nutrients in varying quantities to achieve optimum growth and productivity. Soil fertility and its productivity are mainly affected by soil properties and nutrient status. Hence, it is necessary to assess the fertility status of soil with the consideration of available nutrients in soils and to recommend the specific nutrients for the proper management of soil. 
Methods: In this field-laboratory investigation during 2017-2019, about 135 geo-referenced soil samples were collected from 49 pea growing locations/ villages of Gohar and Sundernagar blocks of Mandi district. The collected (0-15 cm) soil samples were analyzed for different soil properties such as pH, electrical conductivity, soil organic carbon and available N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn content. Different thematic maps were prepared using Arc-GIS software version 10.2.1.
Result: The investigations revealed that the soils were acidic to neutral in soil reaction and are in safe limits of electrical conductivity as the values were less than 0.8 dS m-1. Soil organic carbon status was found to be medium to high in surface layer. About 94.8 and 22.2% soil samples were recorded deficient in available N and Zn, whereas K, Cu and Zn were moderate in 53.3, 28.1 and 55.6% samples, respectively. On the basis of coefficient of variation, the soil pH and exchangeable Ca are least variable, whereas, available nutrients like N, Ca, Mg, Fe and Mn are moderately variable. However, electrical conductivity, OC, available P, K, S, Cu and Zn are highly variable in the samples under investigation. This information will also help to adopt effective strategy on fertilizer use and cropping pattern.

Keywords

Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Soil properties and nutrients Thematic maps

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