Limitation and Recommendation for Rice Cultivation on the Problem Soils in the Southern Region of Vietnam

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-548    | Article Id: A-548 | Page : 617-622
Citation :- Limitation and Recommendation for Rice Cultivation on the Problem Soils in the Southern Region of Vietnam.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):617-622
Vo Quang Minh, Le Van Khoa, Le Quang Tri, Pham Thanh Vu, Thai Thanh Du vqminh@ctu.edu.vn
Address :
Department of Land Resources, College of Environment and Natural Resources, Cantho University, 3/2 Street, Ninhkieu district, Cantho, Vietnam.
Submitted Date : 22-02-2020
Accepted Date : 16-04-2020


Background: Soil degradation is the factor causing crops yield decline in the Southern region of Vietnam. Since the recommendations for limitation of soil constraints will consult the proper problem soil management. 
Methods: The soil limitation identified based on soil chemistry, physics and morphology properties, suggested by Sanchez et al (1998 and 2003). Soil data of 28 field experiments were analysed. 
Result: There were 25 rice soil fertility classes, among those, CC (clay in top and subsoil) and CCs (clay in top and subsoil, saline affected) types occupied in large areas. The major soil limitation for rice cultivation including soils low in % organic carbon (o); high in P fixation and high Fe toxicity potential (i); potential salinity (s-); low available P (p); low pH and high Al (a); actual acid sulphate soils (c, c-) potential acid sulphate soils (f, f-). The leaching soil toxicity, application of N, P, K fertilizers and organic matter were recommended.


Limitation Problem soil Recommendation Rice Southern region of Vietnam


  1. Breeman, N.V., Ponts, L.J. (1978). Acid sulfate soils and rice. In: Soils and Rice. International Rice Research Institute. Manila. The Philippines. pp: 739-763.
  2. Buol, S.W., Sanchez, P.A., Cate, R.B., Granger, M.A. (1975). Soil Fertility Capability Classification: a Technical soil classifcation system for fertility management. In: Bornemisza E., Alvarado, A., (Editors). Soil Management in Tropical America. N.C. State Univ. Raleigh. N.C. pp: 126-145.
  3. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1974). A framework for land evaluation. Soils Bulletin 32. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
  4. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1998). The world reference base for soil resources. 84 World Soil Resource reports. Food and agriculture organization of the united nation Rome. Italy. 
  5. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1995). Digital soil map of the world and derived soil properties. FAO. Rome.
  6. Guong, V.T. (1997). Application of fertilizers for crops in the Mekong delta. (In: Agricultural soil resources, fertilizer application in Vietnam. Tre Publication house. HCM City. pp: 12-31. (In Vietnamese). 
  7. Hoa, N.M. (2003). Soil potassium dynamics under intensive rice cropping. A case study in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. PhD thesis Wageningen University, Wageningen, ISBN 90-5808-890-1.
  8. Jagdish Prasad (2000). Applicatioon of fertility capability classification system in soils of a watershed in semi-arid tropics. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 48: 329-338.
  9. McLEAN, E.O. (1965). Aluminum. In: Methods of soil analysis: Part 2. [BLACK, C.A. (Ed.)] Chemical methods. Madison: ASA. p. 978-998.
  10. Minh, V.Q. (2007). Developing a system for rice soil fertility classification in the Mekong delta. PhD thesis dissemination. Cantho University. (In Vietnamese).
  11. Minh, V.Q. (2004). Conversion of Legend of Mekong delta Soil map WRB into Soil Fertility Capability Classification. Ministry of Education and training Scientific project. Can Tho University. 
  12. Moody, P.W., Cong, P.T., Legrand, J., Chon, N.Q. (2008). A decision support constraints to upland soils. Soil Use and Management. 24: 148-155. (doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2008. 00145.x)
  13. Olsen SR, Sommers LE. (1982). Phosphorus. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, [Page AL, et al (eds)], Part 2, 2nd edn, Agron Monogr 9. ASA and ASSA, Madison WI, pp 403-430.
  14. Pham, N., Nguyen, C., Vu, D. and Nakamura, K. (2018). Mapping of dengue vulnerability in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam using a water-associated disease index and remote sensing approach. APN Science Bulletin. 8(1). (doi:10.30852/sb.2018.480). 
  15. Ponnamperuma, F.N. (1977). Screening for tolerance to mineral stresses. IRRI Res. Pap. Ser. No. 6. International Rice Research Institute. Los Banos, Philippines. 21 p. Print ISSN: 0019-638X.
  16. Sanchez, P.A., (2001). Tropical Soils, Climate and Agriculture: An Ecological Conference on Raising Agricultural Productivity in the Tropics: Biophysical Challenges for Technology and Policy. October 19, 2000. Submitted February 9, 2001. 
  17. Sanchez, P.A., Couto, W., Buol, S.W. (1982). The fertility capability soil classification system: interpretation, applicability and modification. Geoderma. 27(4): 283-309. (doi.org/10. 1016/0016-7061(82)90019-2
  18. Sanchez, P.A., Palm, C.A., Buol, S.W. (2003). Fertility capability soil classification: a tool to help assess soil quality in the tropics. Geoderma. 114: 157-185. (doi.org/10.1016/S00 16-7061(03)00040-5).
  19. Smith, C.W. (1989). The Fertility Capability Classification System (FCC)-3rd Approximation: A technical soil classification system relating pedon characterization data to inherent fertility characteristics. PhD thesis. North Carolina State University. Department of soil science. Raleigh. USA (416 pages).
  20. Soil Survey Staff. (1994). Keys to soil taxonomy. 6th edition. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. 
  21. Walkley, A. and Black I.A., (1934). An examination of the Degtjareff Method for Determining Soil Organic Matter and a proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science. 37(1): 29-38
  22. Xuan, V.T., Quang, N.K., Tri, L.Q. (1982). Rice cultivation on acid sulphate soils in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. In: H. Dost and N. van Breemen (editors). Proceedings of the Bangkok Symposium on acid sulphate soils. International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement Publication No. 3 I, 251 -259. Wageningen. 

Global Footprints