Chief EditorT. Mohapatra
Print ISSN 0367-8245
Online ISSN 0976-058X
NAAS Rating 5.20
Evaluation of Underutilized Kodo Millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) Accessions using Morphological and Quality Traits
First Online 10-09-2020|
Methods: One hundred and three kodo millet germplasm lines were evaluated for 13 morpho-agronomic and two grain nutritional traits. The crop was raised in randomized block design to select the promising genotypes and to study the association among the traits and the magnitude of direct and indirect effects for fifteen quantitative traits.
Result: Based on the overall mean performance the significant genotypes were identified and found wide range of variability for different traits. Character association studies indicated that days to first flowering, days to 50 per cent flowering, plant height, number of productive tillers, peduncle length, inflorescence length, length of the longest raceme and thumb length were significantly positive association with grain yield per plant. Path coefficient analysis revealed that inflorescence length, plant height, length of the longest raceme, flag leaf blade length and number of productive tillers exhibited high direct positive effect on grain yield. Therefore, giving importance of these traits during selections may be useful for developing nutritionally superior high yielding kodo millet genotypes.
- Anantharaju, P. and Ganesan, N. M. (2005). Studies on correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and yield contributing characters in finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn]. Crop Research. 30(2): 227-230.
- Andualem, W. and Tadesse, D. (2011). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of some yield related traits in finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] germplasms in northwest Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 6(22): 5099-5105.
- Bondale, K.V. (1994). Status of small millets in India. Paper presented in National Seminar on Ragi and Small Millets, held during January 6-7, 1994 at IGKV, Raipur India.
- Chandrasekra, A. and Shahidi, F. (2010). Content of insoluble bound phenolics in millets and their contribution to antioxidant capacity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58: 6706-6714.
- de Wet, J.M.J., Rao, K.E., Mengesha, M.H., Brink, D.E. (1983). Diversity in kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum). Economic Botany. 37: 159-163.
- Dewey, D.R. and Lu, K.H. (1959). A correlation and path coefficient analysis of components of crested wheat grass seed production. Agronomy Journal. 51(9): 515-518.
- Falconer, D.S. (1964). An Introduction to Quantitative Genetics – Second edition. Oliver and Boyd Ltd., Edinburgh. 312-324.
- Hegde, P.S. and Chandra, T.S. (2005). ESR spectroscopic study reveals higher free radical quenching potential in kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) compared to other millets. Food Chemistry. 92: 177-182.
- IBPGR. (1983). Kodo millet descriptors. Rome, Italy. p.23.
- Jadhav, R., Ratna Babu, D., Lal Ahamed, M., Srinivasa Rao, V. (2015). Character association and path coefficient analysis for grain yield and yield components in finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 6(2): 535-539.
- Lenka, D. and Mishra, B. (1973). Path coefficient analysis of yield in rice varieties. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 43: 376-379.
- Malleshi, N.G. and Hadimani, N.A. (1994). Nutritional and technological characteristics of small millets and preparation of value-added products from them”. In: Riley KW, Gupta SC, Seetharman A and Mushonga JN. eds. Advances in Small Millets. New York: International Science Publisher. 271- 287p.
- Mishra, D. (1996). Correlation and path analysis in finger millet. Madras Agricultural Journal. 83 (2): 137-138.
- Patil, S., Kauthale, V., Aagale, S., Pawar, M., Nalawade, A. (2019). Evaluation of finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] accessions using agro-morphological characters. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53(5): 624-627.
- Pavithra, N. (2015). Genetic diversity analysis in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.]. M.Sc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
- Piper, J. (1966). Diffusion of Hydrogen in Copper-Palladium Alloys. Journal of Applied Physics. 37(2): 715-721.
- Plawani Panda. (2015). Genetic diversity in barnyard millet (Echinochola frumentacea Roxb.) using morphological and molecular markers. M.Sc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
- Prakash, R and Vanniarajan, C. (2015). Path analysis for grain yield in barnyard millet [Echinochloa frumentacea (Roxb.) Link]. Bangladesh Journal of Botany. 44(1): 147-150.
- Prakash, R. and Vanniarajan, C. (2014). Correlation Analysis in Barnyard Millet [Echinochloa frumentacea (Roxb.) Link]. Trends in Biosciences. 7(20): 3255-3257.
- Rameshwarkumar. (2009). Genetic and molecular characterization of M3 and M4 mutants in little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth.). M.Sc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
- Salini, K., Nirmalakumari, A., Muthiah, A.R., Senthil, N. (2010). Evaluation of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) germplasm collections. Electron Journal of Plant Breeding. 1(4): 489-499.
- Singh, S.V. (1994). Seed improvements in small millets and role of minikit programme in their development. Paper presented in National Seminar on Ragi and Small Millets, held during January 6-7, 1994 at IGKV, Raipur India.
- Sonnad, S.K., Shanthakumar, G., Salimath, P.M. (2008). Genetic variability and character association studies in white ragi (Eleusine coracana Gaertn). Karnataka Journal Agricultural Sciences. 21(4): 572-575.
- Suryanarayana, L., Sekhar, D., Venugopala Rao, N. (2014). Inter relationship and cause-effect analysis in Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] genotypes. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 3(4): 937-941.
- Thakur, S.R. and Saini, J.P. (1995). Variation, association and path analysis in finger millet (Eleusine coracana) under aerial moisture stress condition. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 65: 54-57.
- Verma, S.N.P. and Singh, R.P. (1982). Association analysis in three maturing groups of kodo-millet. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science. 52(8): 488-491.
- Vishnuprabha, R.S. and Vanniarajan, C. (2018). Correlation and path analysis studies for parents and F1 crosses in barnyard millet [Echinochola frumentaceae (Roxb.) Link] for nutritional characters. Agricultural Science Digest. 38 (1): 52-54.
- Wright, S. (1921). Correlation and causation. Journal Agricultural Research. 20: 557-585.
- Yadava, H.S. and Jain, A.K. (2006). Advances in kodo millet research. Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.