Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 2 (april 2021) : 129-136

Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.): A Potential Candidate for the Rehabilitation of Feldspar Mine Spoil Amended with Bioinoculants

R. Junia, R.C. Kasana, N. Jain, G.K. Aseri
1Amity Institute of Microbial Technology, Amity University Rajasthan.
Cite article:- Junia R., Kasana R.C., Jain N., Aseri G.K. (2020). Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.): A Potential Candidate for the Rehabilitation of Feldspar Mine Spoil Amended with Bioinoculants. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(2): 129-136. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5424.
Excessive feldspar mining is becoming an alarming issue due to the untreated mine spoil. For the success in the remediation of mine spoil, selection of plant species is an important factor. Therefore being a nitrogen fixer, legumes can be an alternative and are needed to be broadcasted for the rehabilitation of mined lands. In this context guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) can be preferred which excels in enhancing soil fertility and is already in cultivation but not experimented with feldspar due to not establishing its rhizosphere fertility. In this study to enhance the fertility status and biological activities of feldspar mine spoil plantation of guar is done with the inoculation of microbes Azotobacter Azospirillum and Glomus mosseae (AMF) and organic and inorganic amendments. This attempt has successfully enhanced the rhizosphere enzymes at the rate of 10-65% maximum with AMF+ OM+ NPK50% (T16), nutrient uptake 10-70% maximum with Azotobacter+ OM+ NPK 50% (T7) and plant metabolites 10-51% also observed maximum with T7 over the uninoculated control. Guar has also shown positive response towards the applied treatment and grown well. Based on the results it can be inferred that guar can tolerate detrimental effects of feldspar mining. Hence, it is concluded that guar can be a potential crop to restore soil health of feldspar mined land for sustainable development.  
  1. Abidi, N., Liyanage, S., Auld, D., Imel, R. K., Norman, L., Grover, K., Angadi, S., Singla, S. and Trostle, C. (2015). Challenges and opportunities for increasing Guar production in the United States to support unconventional oil and gas production. In hydraulic fracturing impacts and technologies, pp 228-247. DOI:10.1201/b18581-13.
  2. Aggangan, N.S. and Cortes, A.D. (2018). Screening mined-out indigenous mycorrhizal fungi for the rehabilitation of mine tailing areas in the Philippines. Reforesta, 6:71-85.
  3. Anonymous (2015a). Indian Minerals Yearbook (Part- III: Mineral Reviews), 57th Edition Ministry of Mines Indian Bureau of Mines Website:
  4. Anonymous (2015b). U.S. Geological survey minerals year book.
  5. Arnon, D. I. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplast: polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24:1-15.
  6. Baldodiya, V.K. and Awasthi, P.K. (2018). Guar (Cyamposis tetragonoloba L.) seed production status in India. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 6:1436-1440.
  7. Balic-Zunic, T., Katerinopoulou, A. and Edsberg, A.(2011). Application of powder X-ray diffraction and the Rietveld method to the analysis of oxidation processes and products in sulphidic mine tailings. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 188: 31–47.
  8. Bhattacharyya, R., Ghosh, B., Mishra, P., Mandal, B., Rao, C., Sarkar, D., Das, K., Anil, K.S., Lalitha, M., Hati, K.M. and Franzluebbers, A.J. (2015). Soil degradation in India: Challenges and potential solutions. Sustainability, 7: 3528-3570.
  9. Brar, S.K. and Singh, P. (2017). Response of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub.) cultivars to dual inoculation with fixing and phosphorous solubilizing bacteria. Legume Research, 40: 100-104.
  10. Dotaniya, M.L., Datta, S.C., Biswas, D.R., Meena, H.M. and Kumar, K. (2014). Production of oxalic acid as influenced by the application of organic residue and its effect on phosphorus uptake by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in an Inceptisol of north India. National Academy Science Letters, 37: 401-405. DOI: 10.1007/s40009-014-0254-3.
  11. Dugaya, D. (2009). Rehabilitation of coal mine area: a case from Bisrampur Colliery, Chhattisgarh, India.Kostas Komnitcas (Eds). First international conference on indicators for land rehabilitation and sustainable development. Publication house of electronics industry, Beijing, China, pp.34-45
  12. Ekka, N.J. and Behera, N. (2011). Species composition and diversity of vegetation developing on an age series of coal mine spoil in an open cast coal field in Orissa, India. Tropical Ecology. 52: 337-343.
  13. Gaied, M.E. and Gallala, W. (2015). Beneûciation of feldspar ore for application in the ceramic industry: Inûuence of composition on the physical characteristics. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. 8:186–190
  14. Gucwa-Przepiora, E., Nadgorska-Socha A., Fojcik, B. and Chmura, D. (2016). Enzymatic activities and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of Plantago lanceolata and Plantago major in a soil root zone under heavy metal stress. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 23: 4742–4755.
  15. Gul, A., Salam, A., Afridi, M.S., Bangash, N.K., Ali, F., Ali M. Y., Khan, S. and Mubeeen, R. (2019). Effect of urea, bio-fertilizers and their interaction on the growth, yield and yield attributes of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53: 423-428.
  16. Haferburg, G. and Kothe, E. (2010). Metallomics: lessons for metalliferous soil remediation. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 87: 1271-1280.
  17. Hindersah, R., Handyman, Z., Indriani, F.N., Suryatmana, P. and Nurlaeny, N. (2018). Azotobacter population, soil nitrogen and groundnut growth in mercury-contaminated tailing inoculated with Azotobacter. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management. 5: 1269.
  18. Hokmalipour S. and Darbandi M.H. (2011). Effects of nitrogen fertilizer on chlorophyll content and other leaf indicate in three cultivars of maize (Zea mays L.). World Applied Sciences Journal.15:1780–1785.
  19. Jackson, M.L. (1967). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited. New Delhi, pp. 452.
  20. Jin, X., Yang, G., Tan, C. and Zhao, C. (2015). Effects of nitrogen stress on the photosynthetic CO2 assimilation,chlorophyll fluorescence and sugar-nitrogen ratio in corn.Scientific Reports Nature. 5: 1-9.
  21. Juwarkar, A.A., Singh, L., Kumar, G.P., Jambhulkar, H.P. and Kanfade, H. (2016). Biodiversity promotion in restored mine land through plant-animal interaction. Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography. 6: 176.
  22. Juwarkar, A.A., and Singh, S.K. (2010). Microbe-assisted phytoremediation approach for ecological restoration of zinc mine spoil dump. International Journal of Environment and Pollution. 43: 236-250.
  23. Kasana, R.C., Panwar, N.R., Burman, U., Pandey, C.B. and Kumar, P. (2017). Isolation and identification of two potassium solubilizing fungi from arid soil. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6: 1752-1762.
  24. Keil, D.E., Buck, B., Goossens, D., Teng, Y., Pollard, J., Mc Laurin, B., Gerads, R. and DeWitt, J. (2016). Health effects from exposure to atmospheric mineral dust near Las Vegas, NV, USA. Toxicology reports. 3: 785-795.
  25. Karthikeyan, A., Krishnakumar, N. (2012). Reforestation of bauxite mine spoils with Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. seedlings inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Annals of Forest Research. 55: 207-216.
  26. Kumar, S., Chaudhuri, S. and Maiti, S. K. (2011). Soil phosphatase activity in natural and mined soil. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection. 31(11).
  27. Kumawat, R. N. and Mahla, H. R. (2015). Effect of foliar applied urea and planting pattern on the leaf pigments and yield of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) grown in low rainfall areas of Western India. Legume Research: An International Journal. 38: 96-100.
  28. Kundu, N.K. and Ghose, M.K. (2000). Probable impact on land-    use due to opencast coal mining. Indian Journal of Environmental Studies and Policy. 21: 87-96.
  29. Mukhopadhyay, S. and Maiti, S. K. (2010). Phytoremediation of metal mine waste. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 8: 207-222.
  30. Nagaraju, A., Kumar, K.S. and Thejaswi, A. (2013). Evaluation of plants growing on lead mine spoils: Significance for abandoned mine reclamation in Andhra Pradesh, India. Resources and Environment. 3: 155-162.
  31. Nayak, S., Mishra, C.S.K. and Mohanty, S. (2015). Remediation of iron mine spoil by organic amendments: Influence on chemical properties, bacterial-fungal population and growth of Acacia mangium. The Ecoscan. 9: 169-173.
  32. Nelson, N. (1944). A photometric adaptation of the Somogyi method for determination of glucose. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 153: 375-380.
  33. Nyoki, D. and Ndakidemi, P. A. (2014). Effects of Bradyrhizobium japonicum inoculation and supplementation with phosphorus on macronutrients uptake in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp). American Journal of Plant Sciences. 5: 442.
  34. Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V. Watanabe, F.S. and Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of Available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. US Department of Agriculture, 939: 1-19.
  35. Pasayat, M. and Patel, A. K. (2015). Assessment of Physico-    Chemical Properties Influencing Mine Spoil Genesis in Chronosequence Iron Mine Overburden Spoil and Implications of Soil Quality. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 4: 1095-    1110.
  36. Piper, C.S. (1942). Soil and Plant Analysis. Hans, Bombay, pp. 368. 
  37. Qian, M., Wang, L.P. and Yin, N.N. (2012). Effects of AMF on soil enzyme activity and carbon sequestration capacity in reclaimed mine soil. International Journal of Mining Science and TechnologY. 22: 553–557.
  38. Rajasekaran, S. and Nagarajan, S.M. (2005). Effect of dual inoculation (AMF and Rhizobium) on chlorophyll content of Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp. Var. Pusa 151. Mycorrhiza News.17: 10-11.
  39. Rani, R. and Juwarkar, A. (2012). Biodegradation of phorate in soil and rhizosphere of Brassica juncea (L.) (Indian Mustard) by a microbial consortium. International biodeterioration and biodegradation. 71: 36-42.
  40. Rao, A.V. and Tak, R. (2002). Growth of different tree species and their nutrient uptake in limestone mine spoil as influenced by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM)-fungi.Indian arid zone. Journal of Arid Environments. 51: 113–119.
  41. Rath, M., Mishra, C.S.K. and Mohanty, R. C. (2010). Microbial population and some soil enzyme activities in iron and chromite mine spoil. International journal of Ecology and Environmental sciences. 36: 187-193.
  42. Rothe, A., Cromack, K., Resh, S. C., Makineci, E. and Son, Y. (2002). Soil carbon and nitrogen changes under Douglas-    fir with and without red alder. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 66: 1988-1995.
  43. Sartor, F.D.L., Spricigo, L.P., Niero, D.F., Bernardin, A.M., Montedo, O.R.K. and Angioletto, E. (2018). Effect of the addition of the waste generated from the feldspar mining on the obtainment of ceramic brick. Materials Science Forum, 930: 164-169.
  44. Saez-Plaza, P., Navas, M.J., Wybraniec, S., Micha³owski, T. and Asuero, A.G. (2013). An Overview of the Kjeldahl Method of Nitrogen Determination. Part II. Sample Preparation, Working Scale, Instrumental Finish and Quality Control. Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, 43:224-272.
  45. Shrestha, P., Gautam, R. and Ashwath, N. (2019). Effects of agronomic treatments on functional diversity of soil microbial community and microbial activity in a revegetated coal mine spoil. Geoderma, 338: 40-47.
  46. Sinegani, A.S. and Sharifi, Z. (2007). Changes of available phosphorus and phosphatase activity in the rhizosphere of some field and vegetation crops in the fast growth stage. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 11: 113-118.
  47. Tabatabai, M.A. (1982). Soil enzymes. In: Methods of soil analysis: Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological properties. A.L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney (eds.), Amer. Soc. Agron, Madison, Wisconsin. pp. 903-947.
  48. Tabatabai, M.A. and Bremner, J.M. (1969). Use of P-nitrophenyl phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry.1: 301-307.
  49. Takatsuka, H. and Umeda, M. (2014). Hormonal control of cell division and elongation along differentiation trajectories in roots. Journal of experimental botany. 65: 2633-2643.
  50. Tarafdar, J.C. and Marschner, H. (1994). Efficiency of VAM hyphae in utilisation of organic phosphorus by wheat plants. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 40: 593-600.
  51. Temperton, V.M., Mwangi, P.N., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B. and Buchmann, N. (2007). Positive interactions between nitrogen-fixing legumes and four different neighbouring species in a biodiversity experiment. Oecologia. 151: 190-205.
  52. Tripathi, N., Singh, R.S. and Chaulya, S.K. (2012). Dump stability and soil fertility of a coal mine spoil in Indian dry tropical environment: A long term study. Environmental management. 50: 697-706.
  53. Ullman, W.J., Kirchman, D.L., Welch, S.A. and Vandevivere, P. (1996). Laboratory evidence for microbially mediated silicate mineral dissolution in nature. Chemical Geology. 132: 11-17.
  54. Vafadar, F., Amooaghaie, R. and Otroshy, M. (2014). Effects of plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on plant growth, stevioside, NPK, and chlorophyll content of Stevia rebaudiana. Journal of Plant Interactions. 9: 128-136.
  55. Verdugo, C., Sanchez, P., Santibanez, C., Urrestarazu, P., Bustamante, E., Silva, Y., Gourdon, D. and Ginocchio, R. (2010). Efficacy of lime, biosolids, and mycorrhiza for the phytostabilization of sulfidic copper tailings in Chile: a greenhouse experiment. International journal of phytoremediation. 13: 107-125. 
  56. Vikhe, P.S. (2014). Azotobacter species as a natural plant hormone synthesizer. Research Journal on Recent Science. 3: 59-63.
  57. Walkey, A.J. and Black, I.A. (1934). Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil science.37: 29-38
  58. Widawati, S. and Suliasih, S. (2019). Role of indigenous nitrogen-fixing bacteria in promoting plant growth on post tin mining soil. Makara Journal of Science. pp28-38.
  59. Yang, Y., Liang, Y., Han, X., Chiu, T. Y., Ghosh, A., Chen, H. and Tang, M. (2016). The roles of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in phytoremediation and tree-herb interactions in Pb contaminated soil. Scientific reports. 6: 20469.
  60. Yasmin, F., Othman, R., Sijam, K. and Saad, M. S. (2009). Characterization of beneficial properties of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria isolated from sweet potato rhizosphere. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 3: 815-821.
  61. Yaseen, S., Pal, A., Singh, S. and Skinder, B. H. (2014). Soil quality in the agricultural fields in the vicinity of selected miniing areas of Raniganj coal field India. Journal of environmental and analytical toxicology. 5:269.

Editorial Board

View all (0)