Assessing Livelihood Vulnerability of Farmers’ in Backward Regions of India

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5413    | Article Id: A-5413 | Page : 222-226
Citation :- Assessing Livelihood Vulnerability of Farmers’ in Backward Regions of India.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):222-226
Address : Research Associate, ICAR- National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, DPS Marg, Pusa, New Delhi-110 012, India.
Submitted Date : 2-10-2019
Accepted Date : 15-04-2020

Abstract

Agriculture in Bundelkhand region is highly vulnerable to risks and uncertainties. Marginal and small farmers among all farm groups are most vulnerable to the effects of climatic variability. The impact of extreme weather events and natural resources on which farmers are dependent aggravates their vulnerability. The present study uses field surveyed data and IPCC- vulnerability approach, to assess the livelihood vulnerability status of two districts of Bundelkhand region, India. Data was collected using a multistage sampling technique including 200 households. The study concluded that 90% of farmers perceived (exposed) that Kharif season remained hotter and frequencies of droughts have increased over the last five years. Sample households were also highly sensitive due to lack of basic amenities. The lower adaptive capacity due to agriculture as a sole income source, lack of non-farm employment opportunities, monoculture and income diversification and illiteracy are responsible for livelihood vulnerability in the region. From the policy perspective, water conservation through rainwater harvesting, construction of new ponds and check dams would be a possible solution to the present water crisis in the region.

Keywords

Adaptation strategies Climate change Farmers’ perception Livelihood vulnerability index Rainfed agriculture

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