Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Management on Growth and Yield of Foxtail Millet [Setaria italica L.] During Summer Season in Odisha, India

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5322    | Article Id: A-5322 | Page : 242-246
Citation :- Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Management on Growth and Yield of Foxtail Millet [Setaria italica L.] During Summer Season in Odisha, India.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):242-246
M. Uma Maheswar Reddy, M. Roja, M.D. Reddy and Saurav Barman umareddy4688@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, M.S. Swaminathan School of Agriculture, Centurion University of Technology and Management. Parlakhemundi, Gajapati-761 211, Odisha, India.
Submitted Date : 26-06-2019
Accepted Date : 30-10-2019

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during summer (Feb–May) of 2018 at Bagusala Research Farm, M.S.Swaminathan School of Agriculture, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Parlakhemundi, Odisha on sandy loam soil. Treatments consisted of four nitrogen levels -0, 20, 40 and 60 kg N ha-1 and three levels of phosphorous viz. 0, 20, 40 kg P ha-1. The experiment was conducted in split plot design with nitrogen levels as main- plot and phosphorous levels as sub-plot. Observations on  plant height, dry matter , yield attributes and grain and  straw yield, cost of cultivation , gross and net returns and B:C ratio were recorded. Application of 60 kg N ha-1 and 40 kg P2O5 ha-1   resulted in highest growth, grain and straw yield as compared to other treatments. The grain (1546 kg ha-1) and straw yield (2277 kg ha-1) was significantly higher with application of 60 kg N ha-1 over that of 0, 20 and 40 kg N ha-1. The maximum gross and net returns and B: C ratio were recorded with application of 60 kg N and 20 kg P2O5 ha-1.

Keywords

Foxtail millet Gross returns Nitrogen Phosphorous Summer Season

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