Determinants of Farm Productivity in Flood Prone area: A Study in Dhemaji District of Assam

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5321    | Article Id: A-5321 | Page : 83-88
Citation :- Determinants of Farm Productivity in Flood Prone area: A Study in Dhemaji District of Assam.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):83-88
Bhargab Das and Debakshi Bora debakshibora451@gmail.com
Address : Department of Economics, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh-786 004, Assam, India.
Submitted Date : 24-06-2019
Accepted Date : 18-09-2019

Abstract

Floods have threatened the agricultural productivity in Assam every year. Quality of soil, which is one of the important factors, that determines the production and income of farm, has been damaged by flood. Various study and secondary data reveal that deposition of sand due to flood has negative impact on farm productivity. This paper tries to investigate the impact of flood induced sand deposition and other factors on farm productivity in Dhemaji district, one of the mostly flood effected area of Assam. The study is based on primary survey which included 10 flood effected villages and  276 agricultural plots for testing the quality of soil. After testing the soil quality, the paper attempts to establish the relationship between quality of soil and paddy productivity. To identify the factors affecting the productivity of the paddy and estimate the damage due to flood induced sand deposition, the study used regression models by taking productivity of paddy as dependent variable. The regression model is estimated using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. In order to ensure the validity of OLS results, this study also tested a Tobit model. Results of the paper revealed   that sand deposition created huge damage to the paddy fields and poor agricultural outcomes from the degraded lands were forcing people to look for other livelihood and opportunities. 

Keywords

Farm productivity Flood prone area Migration Sand deposition Soil quality

References

  1. Annonymous, (2012). Central Water Commision Report, Government of Indiia.
  2. Annonymous, (2012). District Disaster Managment Plan, Dhemaji.
  3. Annonymous, (2012). District flood report of Dhemaji District.
  4. Andrews, SS., Carroll, CR. (2001). Designing a soil quality assessment tool for sustainable agro ecosystem management. Ecological Applications. 11(6).
  5. Basumatary, R. (2017). Flood and Socio Economic Livelihoods of People in Dhemaji District of Assam. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Gauhati University, Assam, India.
  6. Bhalla, SS., Roy, P. (1988). Miss-specification in farm productivity analysis. The role of land quality. Oxford Economic Papers. 40(1): 55-73.
  7. Das, K. (2012). Farm Productivity Loss due to Flood-Induced Sand Deposition. A study in Dhemaji, India. South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics, Working Paper, No 73-12
  8. Doley, L.C. (2016). Impact of Flood on the Mising of Dhemaji District, Assam: An Anthropological Study.(Unpublished doctoral thesis). Gauhati University, Assam, India.
  9. Goyari, P. (2005). Flood Damages and Sustainability of Agriculture in Assam. Economic and Political Weekly. 4: 2723-2729.
  10. Jaenicke, EC. Lenglick, LL. (1999). A soil quality index and institutional relationship to efficiency and productivity growth measure: two decomposition. American Journal Agriculture Economics. 81(4): 881-893.
  11. Oyenbo Oyakhilomen. (2016). Farm household livelihood diversification and poverty alleviation in Giwa, Jstor.
  12. Weibe, H (2006). River Flooding and Erosion in North East India: Exploratory consideration of key issues, Mimeo, North West Hydraulic Consultants, Alberta, Canada.

Global Footprints