Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Levels on Growth and Yield of Finger Millet [Eleusine coracana (L.)] During Summer

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5317    | Article Id: A-5317 | Page : 227-231
Citation :- Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Levels on Growth and Yield of Finger Millet [Eleusine coracana (L.)] During Summer.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):227-231
K. Vamshi Krishna, C.H. Deepthi, M. Devender Reddy, P.S. Raju, Arunabha Pal vamsin111@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, M.S. Swaminathan School of Agriculture, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Parlakhemundi, Gajapati, Sitapur-761 211, Odisha, India.
Submitted Date : 22-06-2019
Accepted Date : 30-09-2019

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of nitrogen and phosphorous on growth and yield of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) at Centurion University, Paralakhemundi during summer (February-May), 2018. The combination of four nitrogen levels (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg ha-1) and three levels of phosphorus (0, 20 and 40 kg ha-1) were tested in Split plot design with three replications. There was a significant improvement in plant height and yield attributes with the application of 90 kg N ha-1 as compared to lower levels of N application. With increase in levels of Phosphorus from 20 and 40 kg ha-1 has significantly increased yield. Significantly higher grain (1054kg ha-1) and straw yield (4369kg ha-1) were recorded with the application of 90kg N ha-1 and 40 kg P2O5 ha-1 while, the minimum yield was observed with 0 kg N ha-1 and 0 kg P2O5 ha-1.

Keywords

Finger millet Nitrogen Phosphorus Summer Gross Net returns

References

  1. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. (2017). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  2. Arulmozhiselvan, K.M. Elayarajan and Sathya, S. (2013). Effect of long term fertilization and manuring on soil fertility, yield and uptake by finger millet on inceptisol. Madras Agriculture Journal. 100 (4-6): 490-494.
  3. Bekele Anbessa., Getahun Dereje and Dereje Alemu. (2016). Determination of optimum rates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization for finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn) production at Assosa Zone, in Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia. Advances in Sciences and Humanitie: 2472-0941.
  4. CGIAR Annual progress report. CGIAR Research program on dryland cereals. Performance monitoring report for calendar year. (2005). Available online: http://www.cgiar.org/resources/crp-documents/ .
  5. Chakraborty T., Roy, D.K., Sounda, G. (2002). Effect of fertilizer, rock phosphate and Azospirillum on growth and yield of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 36(3): 192-195.
  6. Dhhwayo, H.H and E.E Whhgwiri, 1984. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on finger millet. Zimbabwe Agronomy. Journal. 81: 115-118.
  7. Dubey, O.P., Shrivas, D.N. (1999). Response of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) genotypes to nitrogen. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 44(3): 564-566.
  8. Encyclopedia of Food sciences and Nutrition. (2016).
  9. Gupta N, Gupta, A.K, Gaur, V.S and Kumar, A. (2012). Relationship of nitrogen use efficiency with the activities of enzymes involved in nitrogen uptake and assimilation of finger millet genotypes grown under different nitrogen inputs. Scientific world journal. 1-10.
  10. Hari prasanna, K. (2016). Nutritional importance and cultivation aspects, Indian institute of Millets Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad 500030, Telangana, India. Indian Farming. 65 (12): 25-29.
  11. Huber, D. M. and Thompson, M. I. (2007). Nitrogen and plant disease. pp. 31–44. In: Datnoff,W.H., Elmer and Huber, D. M. (eds.). Mineral nutrition and plant disease St. Paul, MN: The American Phyto pathological Society.
  12. Nigade, R.D., Jadhav, B.S. and Bhosale, A.S. (2011). Response of long duration finger millet (EleusinecoracanaL.) variety to different levels of nitrogen under rainfed condition.Intern. J. agric. Sci. 7(1): 152-155.
  13. Pilane, M.S., Salve, R.B., Pawar, V.S., Bhoi, P.G. (1997). Response of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) varieties to nitrogen and phosphorus. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 42(4): 637-640.
  14. Roy, D.K., Chakraborty, T., Sounda, G and Maitra, S. (2001). Effect of fertility levels and plant population on yield and uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in finger millet (Eleusine coracana) in lateritic soil of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 46 (4): 707 – 711.
  15. Sandhya Rani, Y., Triveni, U., Patro TSSK and Anuradha, N. (2017). Effect of nutrient management on yield and quality of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn). Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 5(6): 1211-1216.
  16. Singh, V.P. (1999). Effect of organic and inorganic source of nutrients on finger millet (Eleusine coracana) under rainfed low hill situation. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 44(4): 567- 570.
  17. Sudhakara Rao, R., Subramanian, S., Palaniappan, S.P. (1991). Effect of moisture regimes and nitrogen on NPK uptake and yield of finger millet. Madras Agricultural Journal. 78 (9-12): 388-391. 

Global Footprints