Effect of Picking Dates on Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Karonda (Carissa Carandas L.) Cultivars

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5296    | Article Id: A-5296 | Page : 43-50
Citation :- Effect of Picking Dates on Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Karonda (Carissa Carandas L.) Cultivars.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):43-50
Suneeta Singh and A.K. Saxena drsuneetaksaxena@gmail.com
Address : School of Agricultural Sciences, SGRRU, Dehradun-248 001, Uttarakhand, India.
Submitted Date : 16-05-2019
Accepted Date : 18-07-2019

Abstract

An experiment was carried out during 2017-18 at Department of Horticulture, School of Agricultural Sciences, District Dehradun, Uttarakhand to see the effect of picking dates on physico-chemical characteristics of Karonda cultivars. The treatments comprised three different dates of picking of berries (40, 60 and 80 Days after fruit set) and three cultivars viz Pant Manohar, Pant Sudarshan and Pant Suvarna. All the 9 treatment combinations were laid out in a 3 x 3 factorial randomized block design with 3 replications. Observations were recorded at three different picking dates. The treatment combination C3D3 (Pant Suvarna + 80 Days after fruit set) was found better in terms of moisture, total soluble solids, reducing sugar, non-reducing sugar, total sugar, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, phosphorous, calcium and iron content i.e. maximum moisture content (89.41%), highest TSS (8.53ºBrix), highest reducing sugar (6.20%), highest non-reducing sugar (2.03%), highest total sugar (8.33%), highest iron (6.74 mg/100g), maximum ascorbic acid (12.06 mg/100g) and lowest titratable acidity (1.74%), followed by C1D3 (Pant Manohar + 80 Days after fruit set) and C2D3 (Pant Sudarshan + 80 Days after fruit set). The treatment combination C3D2 (Pant Suvarna + 60 Days after fruit set) recorded maximum pectin content.

Keywords

Ascorbic acid Karonda Pectin Picking date.

References

  1. Awasthi C P, Singh I S and Singh A. (1988). Biochemical composition of promosing Karonda cultivars. Progressive Horticulture. 20 (3-4): 294-296.
  2. Jadav S B, Joshi G D and Garande V K (2004). Studies on preparation and storage of Karonda (Carissa carandas Linn.) fruit products. Beverage Food World. 31 (5): 46-47.
  3. JoshiG D, Prabhudesai V G and Salvi M J. (1986). Physico-chemical characteristics of Karonda (Carissa carandas L.) fruits. Maharastra         Journal of Horticulture. 3 (1): 39-44.
  4. Lane J H and Eynon L. (1992). Determination of reducing sugars by means of Fehling’s solution with methylene blue as an indicator. Journal of Society of Chemistry. 42 32-37.
  5. Manivasagan S, Rana G S, Kumar S and Joon M S. (2006). Nutritive value of Karonda (Carissa carandas Linn.) grown under Haryana conditions. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Science. 35 (1-2): 65-66.
  6. Misra K K and Jaiswal H R. (1999). Studies on physico-chemical characteristics of fruits of some selected lines of Karonda (Carissa carandas L.) Haryana Journal of Horticultural Science. 28 (3-40): 176-178.
  7. Piper C S. (1966). Soil and Plant Analysis. Handbook Publiser, Bombay.
  8. Ranganna S. (2009). Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control of Fruit and Vegetable Products. 2nd Ed. Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.
  9. Singh S R, Das C O and Srivastava K K. (1967). Physico-chemical studies of three species of genus Carissa. Allahabad Farmer. 41 (2):         83-85.

Global Footprints