Modified Ulaby Model on Backscattering as a Function of Salinity, Frequency and Soil Moisture

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5282    | Article Id: A-5282 | Page : 646-654
Citation :- Modified Ulaby Model on Backscattering as a Function of Salinity, Frequency and Soil Moisture.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2019.(53):646-654
Mahesh C. Meena and Ramovatar Meena meena037@yahoo.co.in
Address : School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110 067, India.
Submitted Date : 23-05-2019
Accepted Date : 15-10-2019

Abstract

One of the most crucial environmental problems affecting developing countries in arid and semi-arid regions is soil salinity. Its detection using radar imaging systems is one of promising domains of remote sensing research. Due to the components of the mixture and their corresponding dielectric properties, backscattering of these types of soils can be modeled and monitored. Ulaby developed an empirical model that established a non-linear relation between soil moisture and backscattering coefficient. The dielectric properties of the soil depend on soil moisture content along with its salinity, texture and frequency. The radar backscattering from wet soil surface depends upon dielectric properties besides angle of incidence of the Synthetic Aperture Radar. Most previous studies neglected the effect of the presence of salts combined with the other parameters on the backscattering coefficient. In this paper, we present the salinity effect on the calculation of the backscattering coefficient using Modified Ulaby (MU) model. To validate the modeling approach, the secondary data of RADARSAT-1 satellite images in standard modes (C-band) were collected for the area of Wadi El-Natrun, Egypt, where fieldwork was conducted simultaneously with some of the RADARSAT-1 image acquisitions. The results show that the simulated backscattering using MU gives a better fit with measured SAR images. Moreover, the comparison of simulated backscattering using MU gives better correlation with widely accepted Advanced Integral Equation Model (AIEM) and Dubois Model (DM). It is suggested that the proposed model will be of interest to agricultural scientists, and applicable to remote sensing of salt-affected areas.

Keywords

RADARSAT-1 Radar backscattering Soil Soil salinity

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