Colonial and Morphological Characteristics of Soil Fungi from Jhum Land

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5265    | Article Id: A-5265 | Page : 1-9
Citation :- Colonial and Morphological Characteristics of Soil Fungi from Jhum Land.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):1-9
Asangla Kichu, T. Ajungla, Gloria Nyenthang, Lydia Yeptho asanglakichu15@gmail.com
Address : Department of Botany, Nagaland University, Lumami-798 627, Nagaland, India.
Submitted Date : 4-04-2019
Accepted Date : 21-08-2019

Abstract

Soil fungi represent one of the important microbial groups that are actively involved in enhancement of environmental quality and plant nutrient supply. Studying native soil fungal species and their accurate identification is crucial for contribution to the checklist of fungi. The present study aimed at isolation and identification of some soil fungi from Jhum land, Mokokchung district, Nagaland. Serial dilution method was used to isolate soil fungi on RBA (Rose Bengal Agar) and PDA (Potato Dextrose Agar) plates. Altogether fourteen fungal species belonging to genera Absidia, Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Fusarium, Geotrichum, Mortierella, Mucor, Penicillium and Trichoderma were identified by studying their macro- and micro-morphological characteristics.

Keywords

Fungi Jhum Morphological Serial dilution Soil

References

  1. Afzal, H., Shazad, S. and Un Nisa, S.Q. (2013). Morphological identification of Aspergillus species from the soil of Larkana district (Sindh Pakistan). Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 1:105-117.
  2. Anderson, J.M. and Ingram, J.S.I. (Eds.) (1993). Tropical soil biology and fertility: A handbook of methods (2nd ed.). Wallingford:CAB international.
  3. Arunachalam, A. (2003). Role of microbial biomass in soil nutrient dynamics along jhum cycle gradient. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 15:279-288.
  4. Arunachalam, A. and Pandey, H.N. (2003). Ecosystem restoration of jhum fallows in Northeaster India: Microbial C and N along altitudinal and successional gradient. Restoration Ecology. 11:168-173.
  5. Chandini, K.C. and Rajeshwari, N. (2017). Isolation and identification of soil fungi in Mattavara forest, Chikamagalur, Karnataka. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6: 721-726.
  6. Chandrashekar, M.A., Pai, K.S. and Raju, N.S. (2014). Fungal diversity of rhizoshere soils in different agricultural fields of Nanjangud Taluk of Mysore district, Karnataka, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 3: 559-566.
  7. Devi, N.L. and Choudhury, B.U. (2013). Soil fertility status in relation to fallow cycles and landuse practices in shifting cultivated areas of Chandel district Manipur, India. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 4:01-09.
  8. Dhull, S.K., Goyal, S., Kapoor, K.K. and Mundra, M.C. (2005). Crop rotation effects on soil organic matter and soil microbial properties. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 39:128-132.
  9. Domsch, KH (1980). Compendium of Soil Fungi. Academic Press Ltd (London).
  10. Duss, R. and Laane, M.M. (1984). Cytological studies on the life-cycle in Absidia glauca, Harem (Mucorales) Cytologia. 49: 457-472.
  11. El. Abed, N., Salem, I.B., Khedher, M.B., M’Hamdi, M, M’Hamdi, N.B. (2017). Isolation and identification of fungal communities in organic and conventional soils. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6:111-1123.
  12. Gaddeyya, G., Niharika, P.S., Bharathi, P. and Kumar, P.K. (2012). Isolation and identification of soil mycoflora in different crop fields at Salur Mandal. Advances in Applied Science Research. 3:2020-2026.
  13. Hauser, J. T. (2006). Techniques for studying fungi and bacteria. Microbiology Department, Carolina Biological Supply Company, printed in USA.
  14. Ho, H., Chuang, S., and Chen, S., (2004). Notes on zygomycetes of Taiwan (IV): three Absidia species (Mucoraceae). Fungal Science. 19:125-131.
  15. Jackson, M.L. (1967). Soil chemical analysis. Prentice-Hall of India, pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 498.
  16. Jamir, T. and Ajungla, T. (2018). Morphological characterization of Fungi in Tea Garden. International Journal of Basic and Applied Research. 8:296-303.
  17. Kumar, S., Dahiya, R., Kumar, P., Jhorar, B.S., Phogat, V.K. (2012). Long-term effect of organic materials and fertilizers on soil properties in pear millet-wheat cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 46:161-166.
  18. Manna, M.C. and Ganguly, T.K. (2001). Influence of FYM and fertilizer N on soil microbial biomass dynamics, turn over and activity of enzymes in a typic haplustert under soyabean-wheat-fallow system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 35:48-51.
  19. Md. Magnet, M.H., Sarkar, D. and Ahmed, Z. (2013). Isolation and identification of bacteria and fungi from soil samples of different industry side in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development. 2:338-339.
  20. Miah, S., Haque, S.M.S., Sumi, W. and Hossain, M.M. (2014). Effects of shifting cultivation on biological and biochemical characteristics of soil microorganisms in Khagrachari hill district, Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry Research. 25:689-694.
  21. Osman, K.J., Jashimuddin, M., Haque, S.M.S. and Miah, S. (2013). Effect of shifting cultivation on soil physical and chemical properties in Bandarban hill district, Bangladesh. Journal of Forest Research. 24:791.
  22. Ramkumar, R., Nayak, B.K. and Nanda, A. (2017). Studies on the diversity and incidence of soil fungal communities in different cultivated lands. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research. 9:165-169.
  23. Seth, R.K., Alam, S. and D.N. (2016). Isolation and identification of soil fungi from wheat cultivated area of Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology. 7:1-3.
  24. Tawnenga, Shankar, U. and Tripathi, R.S. (1997). Evaluating second year cropping on jhum fallows in Mizoram, North-eastern India: Soil fertility. Journal of Biosciences. 22:615-625.
  25. Thathana, M.G., Murage, H., Abia, AL., Pillay, H. (2017). Morphological characterization and determination of aflatoxin-production potentials of Aspergillus flavus isolated from maize and soil in Kenya. Agriculture. 7: 1-14.
  26. Thilagam, R., Kalaivani, G. and Hemalatha, N. (2018). Isolation and identification of phytopathogenic fungi from infected plant parts. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research. 10:26-28.
  27. Wagner, L., Stielow, B., Hoffmann, K., Petkovits, T., Papp, T., Vágvölgyi, C., de Hoog, G.S.,Verkley, G. and Voigt, K. (2013). A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the Mortierellales (Mortierellomycotina) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA. Persoonia. 30: 77-93.
  28. Walkley, A. and Black, I.A. (1934). An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil science. 37:29-38.
  29. Watanabe, T. (1937). Pictorial Atlas of Soil and Seed Fungi: Morphologies of Cultured Fungi and Key to Species (second edition). CRC Press, LLC.
  30. Webster, J. and Weber, R.W.S. (2007). Introduction to fungi (Third edition). Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University press, New York. 

Global Footprints