Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorV. Geethalakshmi

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 53 issue 5 (october 2019) : 619-623

Critical dimensions of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial behaviour among mushroom growers: Investigation through Principal Component Analysis

Mahantesh Shirur, N.S. Shivalingegowda, M.J. Chandregowda, V. Manjunath, Rajesh K. Rana
1ICAR-Directorate of Mushroom Research, Solan-173 213, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Shirur Mahantesh, Shivalingegowda N.S., Chandregowda M.J., Manjunath V., Rana K. Rajesh (2019). Critical dimensions of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial behaviour among mushroom growers: Investigation through Principal Component Analysis. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53(5): 619-623. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5261.
Mushroom cultivation is often promoted as profitable and income generating agri-business activity, while there is a very high rate of attrition in mushroom entrepreneurship. Performance of mushroom enterprise as a physical attribute and the entrepreneurial behaviour of mushroom growing farmers as a psychological attribute plays an important role in the success of the mushroom entrepreneurship. Both these variables are in turn influenced by several dimensions rendering it difficult to comprehend the nature of variability observed in them. Therefore, the principal component analysis (PCA) of these two variables was done for variable reduction and to understand their influence on mushroom entrepreneurship. The results of PCA ascertain the relative importance of different dimensions on the variables through Eigen weightages. Based on the findings, suitable strategies and necessary policy interventions are identified to make the mushroom entrepreneurship as a potential agri-business to augment farmers’ income.
  1. Baron, R. M. and Kenny, D. A. (1986). Moderator-Mediator distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 51: 1173-1182. 
  2. Biswas, M. K. and Layak, M. (2014). Techniques for increasing biological efficiency of paddy straw mushroom (Volvariellavolvacea) in Eastern India. Food Science and Technology. 2(4): 52-57.
  3. Cohen, J. (2003). Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioural Social Sciences. Third Edition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Mahwah, NJ:
  4. El-Kattan, M. H. and Salama Gad, E. M. (1996). Production of oyster mushroom using simplified technology. Acta Horticulturae. 434: 393-400.
  5. FAOSTAT. (2016). Mushrooms and truffles. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. during February 2016).
  6. Gujarati, D. N. (1988). Basic Econometrics. Second Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Singapore: 298-307.
  7. Hotelling, H. (1933). Analysis of a complex of statistical variables into principal components. Journal of Educational Psychology. 24: 417-441.
  8. Joshi, S.S. and Kapoor, T. R. (1973). Fundamentals of farm business management, Kalyani publishes, New Delhi.
  9. Kaiser, H.F. and Rice, J. (1974). Little Jiffy, Mark IV. Educational and psychological measurement. 34: 111-117.
  10. Kangotra, A. and Chauhan, S. K. (2014). Economic viability of button mushroom cultivation in himachal pradesh, India. Indian J. Agric. Res. 48(2): 134-139. 
  11. Pareek, U. and Nadakarni, M. (1978). Development of entrepreneurship: A conceptual model. In RaoTV and Pareek U (Eds), Developing entrepreneurship: A handbook, Learning system, New Delhi.
  12. Philippoussis, A., Zervakis, G., Diamantopoulou, P. (2001). Bioconversion of agricultural lignocellulosic wastes through the cultivation of the edible mushrooms Agrocybeaegerita, Volvariellavolvacea and Pleurotus spp. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. 17(2): 191-200.
  13. Roseline, J. A., Olubunmi, L. B., Adekemi, A.O. (2016). Commercialization of urban vegetable farming. International Journal of Vegetable Science. 22(1): 24-34.
  14. Royse, D. J. (2014). A global perspective on the high five: Agaricus, Pleurotus, Lentinula, Auricularia & Flammulina. In key note address, VIII International conference on mushroom biology and mushroom products, New Delhi. 1: 1-5.
  15. Senthil kumar, R., Ramkumar., Babu, D., Vijai Babu, D., Jaishridhar, P. (2012). Socio-economic analysis and its correlates with entrepreneurial behavior among dairy farmers in Tamil Nadu. J. Dairying, Foods & H.S. 31(2): 108-111
  16. Shirur, M., Shivalingegowda, N.S., Chandregowda, M.J., Rana Rajesh, K. (2018). Performance analysis of South-Indian mushroom units: Imperative policy implications for their preparedness for global competitiveness, Current Science. 115 (11) December 2018: 2141-2146.
  17. Shirur, M., Shivalingegowda, N. S., Chandregowda, M. J., Rajkumar, B. J. (2015). Mushroom entrepreneurial behaviour: Dimensions and measurement. International Journal of Agricultural and Statistical Sciences. 11(1): 61-68.
  18. Shirur, M., Shivalingegowda, N. S., Chandregowda, M. J., Rana Rajesh, K. (2016). Technological adoption and constraint analysis of mushroom entrepreneurship in Karnataka. Economic Affairs. 61(3): 427-436.
  19. Shirur, M., Shivalingegowda, N. S., Chandregowda, M. J., Rana Rajesh, K. (2017). Socio economic analysis of entrepreneurial behaviour ofmushroom growers in Karnataka. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 87(6): 840-845.
  20. Singh, M. and Shirur, M. (2016). Mushroom Production: A Viable and Profitable Avocation for Educated Youth In: Doubling the farmers income through horticulture. [Eds: Chadha KL, Singh SK, Kalia P, Dhillon WS, Behera TK and Prakash Jai]. Published by Daya Publishing House, New Delhi-02:847-852.
  21. Singh, N., Mehta, S., Godara, A. K., Yadav, V. P. (2008). Constraints in mushroom production technology in haryana. Agric. Sci. Digest. 28(2): 118-120
  22. Ucbasaran, A.D. (2004). Business ownership experience, entrepreneurial behaviour and performance: novice, habitual, serial and portfolio entrepreneurs. Ph.D. thesis submitted to the University of Nottingham, UK.
  23. Verma, R. N. (2014). India on the threshold of non-green revolution. In: The Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products, Delhi. 2: 19-22.
  24. Wang, J., Li, J., Wei, S., Liu, L. (2015). China mushroom processing industry - current situation and development trends. Mushroom times. 5: 4-7.
  25. Zhang, Y., Geng, W., Shen, Y., Wang, Y., Dai, Y.C. (2014). Edible mushroom cultivation for food security and rural development in China: bio-innovation technological dissemination and marketing. Sustainability. 6: 2961-2973. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)