Diversity analysis of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] genotypes for bruchid resistance

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5155    | Article Id: A-5155 | Page : 309-314
Citation :- Diversity analysis of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] genotypes for bruchid resistance.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2019.(53):309-314
Sanhita Ghosh, Anindita Roy and Sabyasachi Kundagrami sanhitaghosh91@gmail.com
Address : Departmen of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 51/2 Hazra Road, Institute of Agricultural Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata-700 019, West Bengal.
Submitted Date : 26-10-2018
Accepted Date : 3-04-2019

Abstract

Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] is one of the most important pulse crops in the tropical and sub-tropical areas. Although the total production of mungbean is not enough to supplement the nutritional requirement, an additional issue further augments the concern of its use: the post-harvest damage in the storage condition. Bruchids (Callosobruchus chinensis) are major polyphagous storage pest that causes substantial losses, both quantitatively and qualitatively. The objective of the current study was to classify the fifty-two mungbean genotypes into groups based on their bruchid resistant and susceptibility by using multivariate statistical analysis. Since the present study emphasizes the progressive breeding program, the multivariate analysis is expected to effectively demonstrate the diversity of bruchid attack and therefore identify and ensures the correct representation of the resistant genotypes. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) displays the correlation of bruchid morpho-physiological traits and the diversity analysis groups the considered genotypes into four clusters (I-IV). The cluster III contains seven genotypes which are observed most effective against bruchid attack. The PC1 shows 70.83% of variability where PC2 shows 29.17% of variability. PCA picturize the most positive correlation between the number of egg laid (NOEL-0.922) and percentage of seed damage (POSD-0.975) among all the morpho-physiological traits. The cluster III thus helps selecting resistant parents for hybridization in future crop improvement program. 

Keywords

Mungbean Bruchid Biversity Seed loss Susceptible Resistance.

References

  1. Amusa O.D., Ogunkanmi L.A., Adetunbi J.A., Akinyosoye S.T., Bolarinwa K.A., and Ogundipe O.T. (2014). Assessment of Bruchid (Callosobruchus maculatus) Tolerance of Some Elite Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Varieties. Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability. 6(2): 164-178.
  2. Badii, K. B., Asante, S. K., and Sowley E. N. K. (2013). Varietal Susceptibility of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L.) To the Storage Beetle, Callosobruchus Maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). International journal of scientific & technology research. 2 (4): 82-89.
  3. Bahl, P. N. (2015). Climate change and pulses: Approaches to combat its impact. Agricultural Research, 4(2), 103–108. 
  4. Dobie P. (1974). The laboratory assessment of the inherent susceptibility of maize varieties to post-harvest infestation by Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Product Research. 10: 183-197.
  5. Fujii K and Miyazaki S. (1987). Infestation resistance of wild legumes (Vigna sublobata) to azuki bean weevil, Callosobruchus chinensis and its relationship with cytogenetic classification. Appl Ent Zool. 22: 229–230.
  6. Khajudpar, P., and Tantasawat, P. (2011). Relationships and variability of agronomic and physiological characters in mungbean. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 10(49): 9992-10000.
  7. Mensah, GWK. (1986). Infestation potential of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on Cowpea cultivars stored under subtropical conditions. Insect Sci. Appl. 7(6): 781-784.
  8. Mohsen, J., Zahra, M., and Naser, S. (2014). Multivariate statistical analysis of some traits of bread wheat for breeding under rainfed conditions. Journal of Agricultural Sciences.59 (1):1-14.
  9. Perera, U.I.P., Chandika, K.K.J., and Ratnasekera, D. (2017). Genetic variation, character association and evaluation of mungbean genotypes for agronomic and yield components. J.Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka. 45 (4): 347 – 353.
  10. Ponnusamy, D., Pratap, A., Singh, K.S., and Gupta, S. (2014). Evaluation of Screening Methods for Bruchid Beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis) resistance in Greengram (Vigna radiata) and Blackgram (Vigna mungo) genotypes and influence of seed physical characteristics on its infestation. Vegetos. 27 (1): 60-67.
  11. Sarkar, S., and Bhattacharyya. S. (2015). Screening of greengram genotypes for Bruchid (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) Resistance and selection of parental lines for hybridization programme. Legume Research. 38 (5): 704-706.
  12. Sharifi, P., Astereki, H., Pouresmael, M. (2018). Evaluation of variations in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) yield and yield components by multivariate technique. Annals of Agrarian Science.xxx:1-7.
  13. Siddique, M., Malik, F.A, M., and Awan, I.S. (2006). Genetic divergence, association and performance evaluation of different genotypes    of mungbean (Vigna radiata). Int. J. Agri. Biol. 8(6): 793–795.
  14. Somta, P., Ammaranan, C., Peter, A.C.O., Srinives, P. (2007). Inheritance of seed resistance to bruchids in cultivated mungbean (Vigna radiata, L. Wilczek). Euphytica.155:47–55. 
  15. Tomooka, N., K. Kashiwaba, D. A. Vaughan, M. Ishimoto, and Y. Egawa. (2000). The effectiveness of evaluating wild species: searching for sources of resistance to bruchid beetles in the genus Vigna subgenus Certotropis. Euphytica.115: 27-41. 

Global Footprints