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The Effect of Aeroponic Potato Seeds from the Tropical Lowland and Highland Based on Size on the Growth and Yield to Become Advanced Seeds by Irrigation

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-514    | Article Id: A-514 | Page : 751-755
Citation :- The Effect of Aeroponic Potato Seeds from the Tropical Lowland and Highland Based on Size on the Growth and Yield to Become Advanced Seeds by Irrigation.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):751-755
Eni Sumarni, Loekas Soesanto, Noor Farid, Ardiansyah arny0565@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia.
Submitted Date : 9-12-2019
Accepted Date : 18-08-2021

Abstract

Background: Potato seed production with aeroponic technology can produce a large number of seeds, besides that it is also healthy because it uses plant seeds from tissue culture. However, how the quality of aeroponic seeds produced to become the next seed (growth capacity) has not been studied and scientifically informed. This research aimed to obtain the effect of aeroponic seed yields from the low and high plains based on their size on the growth and yield into advanced seeds. Potato seeds used were from the highland and lowland using aeroponic technology. 
Methods: This research was conducted in the highland (1000 m above sea level) from April to July 2017. Seeds were classified as S ≤ 1 mg, 1 ≤ Md ≤ 10 g and L ≥ 10 g. This research used a randomized block design with seven repetitions. The tried factors were as follows: 1. The origin of aeroponic seeds (A): A1 (lowland), A2 (highland); 2. The size of aeroponic seeds (U): U1 (S), U2 (M), U3 (L). Plant growth parameters included plant height, number of leaves and number of tubers. 
Result: The data obtained were analyzed using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the 5% level. Seeds of aeroponic yields of various sizes that are planted using drip irrigation have the potential to become advanced seeds. The L-size aeroponic seeds from the lowland produced an average of 5.9 tubers with an average weight of 68.4 g.

Keywords

Aeroponic Greenhouse Highland Lowland Potato seed Seed size

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