Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorV. Geethalakshmi

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 53 issue 1 (february 2019) : 73-77

Management of low nitrogen input with potassium and phosphorus fertilizers for cropping system and yield of Sweet Sorghum Crop (Sorghum bicolour L. Moench) in a field experiment at Panskura, East Midnapore, West Bengal

Pradip Roy, Satakshi Basu, Jayeeta Chatterjee, Indrani Chakraborty, Rohan Dutta, Samarendra Barik, Arunava Goswami
1Agriculture and Ecological Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata-700 108, West Bengal, India.
Cite article:- Roy Pradip, Basu Satakshi, Chatterjee Jayeeta, Chakraborty Indrani, Dutta Rohan, Barik Samarendra, Goswami Arunava (2019). Management of low nitrogen input with potassium and phosphorus fertilizers for cropping system and yield of Sweet Sorghum Crop (Sorghum bicolour L. Moench) in a field experiment at Panskura, East Midnapore, West Bengal. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53(1): 73-77. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5113.
A plot experiment was supervised in open pollinated field to evaluate the response of lower doses of Nitrogen combined with standard to high potassium and Phosphorus doses and the relative effects on sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) yield in Panskura Agriculture Field located at  East Midnapore of West Bengal during 2017-18 in a randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. Data were collected on every 30 days interval starting from 40 Days After Sowing (DAS) to 130 DAS. Results revealed that maximum plant height of 193.4 cm was observed in N3P2K2 treatment at 130 DAS, maximum green biomass of 26.84 t/ha was observed with N3P2K3 treatment at 100 DAS, maximum sugar concentration of 10.07 % was observed with N3P2K2 treatment at 100 DAS and highest sugar yield of 1896.88 kg/ha with the same ratio of fertilizer treatment. All the parameters were evaluated to identify the cost-effective status as well as the significance of the study.
  1. Anten, N.P.R., Schieving, F., Medina, E., Werger, M.J.A., Schuffelen, P.(1995) Optimal leaf area indices in C3 and C4 mono and dicotyledonous species at low and high nitrogen availability. Physiol. Plant, 95: 541–550.
  2. Barik, S., Roy, P., Basu, S. (2017) Effect of fertilizer nitrogen and potassium on difference cultivars of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) in North-24-Parganas, West Bengal. International Journal of Applied Agriculture Research, 12(2): 199-210.
  3. Barik, S., Roy,P.(2015) Agronomic practices for the development of sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] crop in Birbhum district of West Bengal. Research on Crops, 16(2):230- 235.
  4. Chaubey ,A.K., Dwivedi, K.N., Yadav, R.S. (1992) Effect of N, P and S on linseed. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci, 40: 758-761.
  5. Cisar, G.D., Snyder, G.H., Swanson, G.S. (1992)Nitrogen, P and K fertilization for Histosols grown St. Augustine grass sod. Agronomy J, 84(3): 475-479.
  6. Gardner, J. C. ,Maranville, J. W. , Paparozzi, E. T. (1994) Nitrogen use efficiency among diverse sorghum cultivars. Crop Sci, 34:728-733.
  7. Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A. (1984) Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd Edn). Wiley, New Work.
  8. Grassi G. (2001) Sweet Sorghum: One of the Best World Food- Feed-Energy Crops. LANMET.
  9. Jaynes, D.B., Colvin, T.S., Karlen, D.L., Cambardella, C.A., Meek, D.W. (2001) Nitrate loss in subsurface drainage as affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate. J. Environ. Qual, 30: 1305–1314.
  10. Kuesters,J. , Lammel J.(1999) Investigations of the energy efficiency of the production of winter wheat and sugar beet in Europe.Eur J Agron, 11:35-43.
  11. Locke, M.A. , Hons, F.M. (1988) Effect of N rate and tillage on yield, N accumulation and leaf N concentration of grain sorghum. Soil Tillage Res, 12: 223–233.
  12. Marschner, H., Römheld, V. (1983) In vivo measurement of root-induced pH changes at the soil-root interface: Effect of plant species and nitrogen source. Z. Pflanzenphysiol., 111: 241-251.
  13. Mengel, K., and Kirkby,.E. A.(2001) Principles of Plant Nutrients (5th Edn).Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  14. Munck, H. (1958) The nitrification of ammonium salts in acid soils. Land Forsch., 11: 150-156.
  15. Parvatikar ,S. R. , Manjunath, T. V. (1991) Alternate uses of sweet sorghum, a new prospectus for juicy stalks and grain yields. J.Maharashtra Agric, 16: 352-354.
  16. Ramadan, B.S.H., (2003) Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilization on growth, yield and quality of sweet sorghum Proc. 10 Conf. Agron. Suez Canal Univ. Fac. Environ. Agric. Sci. EL-Arish, Egypt.
  17. Reddi, S.G. (2006) Studies on production potential of sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench)] genotypes for grain and ethanol production as influenced by management practices. Ph.D thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.
  18. Reddy,B.V.S., Ramesh,S., Reddy, S. P., Ramaiah, B., Salimath, P.M. and Kachapur, R. (2005) Sweet sorghum – A potential alternative raw material for bioethanol and bio-energy. International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter, 46:79–86.
  19. Roy, P., Basu, S., Chatterjee ,J., Goswami, A. and Barik.,S (2018) Response of various yield of sweet sorghum crop (Sorghum bicolour L. Moench) to different levels of fertilizer in Lateritic soil of Birbhum, West Bengal. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology,11(1):25-32.
  20. Roy,P., Barik,S. (2016) An agronomic practices for the improvement of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) crop: A study at Gangetic plains of West Bengal. International Journal of Applied Agriculture Research,11(2):103-113.
  21. Salvatore, L.C., Mantineo, M. and Testa, G. (2012) Water and nitrogen balance of sweet sorghum (Sorghum biocolor Moench (L) cv. Keller under semi-arid conditions. Industrial Crops and Products, 36:329-342.
  22. Schaffert R. E. (1988) Sweet Sorghum Substrate for Industrial Alcohol, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Policy, Practice, and Potential Relating to Uses of Sorghum and Millets, Bulawayo. pp.26.
  23. Schaller, G., and Fischer, W.R.(1985) pH-Änderungen in der Rhizosphäre von Mais und Erdnusswurzeln. Z. Pflanzenernähr. Bodenk, 148: 306-320.
  24. Sharma, P.S. and Kumari, T.S. (1996) Effect of potassium under water stress on growth and yield of sorghum in Vertisol. J. Potash. Res, 12(3): 319-325.
  25. Sharma, P.S., and Ramna, S.(1993) Response of sorghum to nitrogen and potassium in Alfisol. J. Potash. Res, 9(27): 171-175.
  26. Singaram, P. and Kothar’ldaraman, G.V. (1994) Studies on residual, direct and cumulative effect of phosphorus source on the availability, content and uptake of phosphorus and yield of maize. Madras Agri. J, 81: 425-429.
  27. Szakal, P., Schmidt, R., Lesny, J., Kalocsai, R. Barkoczi, M. (2007) Quality parameters of wheat bio ethanol versus bread? Cereal Research Communications,35(2):1137-1140.
  28. Vietor, M. Miller, F. R. , Crale, H.F. (1990) Nonstructural carbohydrates in auxiliary branches and main stem of senescent and non-    senescent sorghum type. Crop Sci, 30 : 97-100.
  29. Wiedenfeld, P. R. (1984)Nutrient requirements and use efficiency by sweet sorghum. EnergAgr. 3:49-59.
  30. Zegada-Lizarazu ,W., Zatta, A. and Monti ,A.(2012) Water uptake efficiency and above and below ground biomass development of sweet sorghum and maize under different water regimes. Plant Soil, 351(1,2): 47-60. DOI:10.1007/s11104-011-0928-2.
  31. Zhao, D., Reddy, K. R., Kakani, V .G., Reddy ,V.R. (2005) Nitrogen deficiency effects on plant growth, leaf photosynthesis and hyperspectral reflectance properties of sorghum. Eur J Agron,22:391-403.
  32. Zhao, Y.L., Dolat, A., Steinberger, Y., Wang, X., Osman, A. ,Xie, G.H. (2009) Biomass yield and changes in chemical composition of sweet sorghum cultivars grown for biofuel. Field Crops Research, 111: 55–64. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)