Influence of Foliar Applications of IAA, NAA and GA3 on Growth, Yield and Quality of Pea (Pisum sativum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-509    | Article Id: A-509 | Page : 699-707
Citation :- Influence of Foliar Applications of IAA, NAA and GA3 on Growth, Yield and Quality of Pea (Pisum sativum L.).Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):699-707
Arifa Nazeer, Khalid Hussain, Ahmad Hassain, Khalid Nawaz, Zobia Bashir, Syed Saqib Ali, Nida Zainab, Muhammad Qurban, Ghulam Yasin khalid.hussain@uog.edu.pk
Address : Department of Botany, University of Gujrat (UOG), Pakistan. 
Submitted Date : 22-11-2019
Accepted Date : 27-05-2020

Abstract

Background: Pea is the most important crop and vegetable in the world but it has low yield. There is a need to find the ways for the improvement of crop productivity. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are extensively used in many crops for enhancement of yield and quality. This study was designed to find the influence of PGRs on growth, yield and quality of pea cultivars grown in Pakistan. 
Methods: Pot experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of various plant growth regulators (IAA, NAA and GA3) on pea during 2018-19. Four cultivars of pea i.e. Meteor, Green cross, Sultan and Dollar were used in these experiments. There were 0, 100 and 200 mmol’×L-1 levels for each hormone that were applied as foliar spray after 14 days of germination. Experiment was laid down in completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates. 
Results: Morphological, biochemical and yield attributes significantly increased in four cultivars of pea except variety Sultan for few parameters. Cultivar Meteor showed highly positive increasing effects on growth and yield attributes as compared to other treatments. Catalases (CAT) activities were increased and peroxidase dismutase (POD) activities were reduced. It can be concluded that reduction in POD activities helped to increase the defense mechanism of plants and high CAT activities caused better balance in plant metabolism as a result growth, yield and quality of pea were increased. All the variables including shoot length, shoot biomass, number of fruits, total seed yield, carbohydrates and protein had positive correlation with phytohormones. These outcomes might be good indicators to predict the best pea cultivars that can have positive promising response for growth, yield and quality traits under plant growth regulators (PGR).

Keywords

GA3 Growth IAA NAA Pea Yield

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