Identification of drought tolerant genotypes based on physiological, biomass and yield response in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-4984    | Article Id: A-4984 | Page : 221-227
Citation :- Identification of drought tolerant genotypes based on physiological, biomass and yield response in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2018.(52):221-227
Sujata Mahantesh, H.N Ramesh Babu, Kirankumar Ghanti and P.C. Raddy sujataghanti9@gmail.com
Address : Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore-560 065, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 24-01-2018
Accepted Date : 19-04-2018

Abstract

Drought are serious threats on crop productivity losses than any other abiotic stress factor in rainfed agriculture. Influence of the drought using osmotic stress is the one of the best method for the evaluation of tolerance during the germination phase. Seeds of Twenty genotypes of groundnut imposed to osmotic stress (-10bars) of polyethylene glycol (PEG6000) in the laboratory condition.  Based on low percent reduction recovery growth (%RRG) in shoot and root length most sensitive and tolerant 16 genotypes were selected.  Further, moisture stress was imposed at 20-day-old seedlings at WW (100%FC), MS1 (70%FC), MS2 (30%FC)) under controlled conditions (greenhouse) different filed capacity. The harmful effects of  moisture stress were more distinct in drought sensitive genotypes. High mean value of drought susceptibility indexes (DSI) for GPBD-4(G1), JL-24(G2) and KCG-6(G3) G1, G2 andG3 were identified as susceptible and NRCG12273 (G13), ICGV1562 (G15) and TMV-2(G16), G16, G15 and G13 recorded superior performance for less DSI under two soil moisture levels. High pod yield under stress environment due to its ability in maintaining pod number as well as total biomass. There was no significant difference between Pod yield and TDM under moisture stresses of DSI for G1, G2 and G3 genotypes. 

Keywords

Drought susceptibility index Harvest Index Moisture Stress Pod yield Total dry matter.

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