Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorV. Geethalakshmi

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 52 issue 3 (june 2018) : 236-242

Changes in land use pattern and factors responsible for variations in current fallow land in Bihar, India

Nasim Ahmad, D.K. Sinha, K.M. Singh
1Department of Agricultural Economics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Samastipur, Pusa-848 125, Bihar, India.
Cite article:- Ahmad Nasim, Sinha D.K., Singh K.M. (2018). Changes in land use pattern and factors responsible for variations in current fallow land in Bihar, India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52(3): 236-242. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-4955.
 Endowment of fertile Gangetic alluvial soil and abundant water resources, particularly groundwater resources altogether constitute core components for development of agriculture in Bihar. Efforts have been made in this paper to analyze factors responsible for changes in land use pattern, especially increase in current fallows, shrinking net sown area and shifting of land for non-agricultural purposes in the state. A larger concentration of current fallow lands was accounted for in Gaya, Patna, Purnea, Munger, Jehanabad and Kishanganj districts. The rainfall and road length have significant impact on the level of current fallows. Erratic monsoon and labour scarcity during the study period of present century resulted in accumulation of current fallow lands. It was further observed that the non-agricultural use of land was identified as the dominant factor for changes in common lands as it affected the current fallows negatively. It is a challenging task for policy makers to maximize the income of farmers from a continuously declining in net sown area, deteriorating climatic conditions as well as labour scarce conditions, thereby resulting in aggregation of current fallows. In order to boost the production and enhance farmer’s income, it is necessary to discourage the rising tendency in current fallows or to bring current fallows under cultivation. 
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