Phytochemical Content and Antioxidant Activity of Flesh Fruits Rosa canina Extracts Collected from Ait Ayach Midelt

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-494    | Article Id: A-494 | Page : 373-377
Citation :- Phytochemical Content and Antioxidant Activity of Flesh Fruits Rosa canina Extracts Collected from Ait Ayach Midelt.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):373-377
Driss Ousaaid, Ismail Mansouri, Hassan Laaroussi, Asmae ElGhouizi, Badiaa Lyoussi, Ilham ElArabi ousaadriss@gmail.com
Address : Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Environmental Health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, PO.box 1796 Atlas, Sidi Mouhmad Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30000, Morocco.
Submitted Date : 10-10-2019
Accepted Date : 18-12-2019

Abstract

Rosa canina L. is a rich fruit on bioactive substances which provides them with high antioxidant potential, like phenolic acids, flavonoids, condensed tannins. The aim of this study was to estimate and characterize the phenolic content, flavonoids content, condensed tannins content obtained from rose hips fruits in five extracts (water, 50% v/v ethanol, 70% v/v ethanol, 80% v/v methanol, apple vinegar) to examine their antioxidant activity by two reliable methods: Total antioxidant activity and DPPH. Surprisingly, in our results, the highest polyphenol, flavonoids content and condensed tannins was observed in vinegar extract 55,51±1,16 mg GAE/g dw, 22,15±0,45 mg QE/g dw, 12,37±0,16 mg AAE/g dw respectively. Furthermore, the vinegar extract was the most effective to chelating the radical DPPH (IC50% = 0,336±0,005µg), and have the highest total antioxidant activity (7,88±0,19mg AAE/g dw). The current research showed that the vinegar was more effective than the methanol, ethanol, water for polyphenols, flavonoids, tannins extraction.

Keywords

Antioxidant activity Condensed tannins Flavonoids Polyphenols Rosa canina

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