Genetic Diversity Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) Genotypes Grown in Northwestern Algeria using Microsatellite Markers (SSR)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-487    | Article Id: A-487 | Page : 129-138
Citation :- Genetic Diversity Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) Genotypes Grown in Northwestern Algeria using Microsatellite Markers (SSR).Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):129-138
Bouri Amina, Mediouni Mohammed Rida, Ameur Ameur Abdelkader, Udupa Sripada, Gaouar Souheil Bechir Semir bouri.amina@ymail.com
Address : Laboratory of Physiology, Physiopathology and Biochemistry of Nutrition (PPABIONUT), Faculty of Natural and  Life  Sciences, Earth and Universe, Abou-Bekr  Belkaïd University. 22, Rue Abi Ayad Abdelkrim, Fg Pasteur B.P 119, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria.
Submitted Date : 16-09-2019
Accepted Date : 13-11-2019

Abstract

The present study aimed to characterize a subset of 10 selected chickpea accessions (Cicer arietinum L.) using SSR. The result indicated a presence of a total of 59 alleles. The genetic diversity at the 15 microsatellites loci was varied from 0, 32 for TA22 to 0.78 for TA72 and TA117 with an average of 0.66. Polymorphic information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.27 to 0.74. This study also detected a high significant (P < 0.01) positive correlation between alleles per locus, gene diversity (H) and polymorphism information content (PIC). In the dendrogram and on the PCoA bi-plots, chickpea genotypes were adjoined according to their geographic origin, type of chickpea (Kabuli/ Desi). Nevertheless, the distribution of the different grouping through the factorial correspondence analysis (AFC) is due to the genetic variability.

Keywords

Chickpea Cicer arietinum Genetic diversity North West of Algeria SSR

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