Study of anatomical parameters of leaf and brix content of some promising commercial Indian varieties of sugarcane

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-4814    | Article Id: A-4814 | Page : 419-424
Citation :- Study of anatomical parameters of leaf and brix content of some promising commercial Indian varieties of sugarcane.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2017.(51):419-424
Animesh Mondal, Tuhin Pal and Kalyan Kumar De animeshmondal.2001@gmail.com
Address : Postgraduate Department of Botany, Hooghly Mohsin College, Chinsurah -712 101, Hooghly, West Bengal, India.
Submitted Date : 14-06-2017
Accepted Date : 8-07-2017

Abstract

The structural and quantitative diversity of Kranz anatomy of nineteen Indian varieties of sugarcane was studied in relation to brix content or yield of sugar. The nature and distribution of Kranz tissue and types of vascular bundle in the leaf blade have also been described and discussed. In hand made transverse sections of leaf blade of sugarcane varieties, two different sizes (large and small) of vascular bundles were found. The large vascular bundles were characterized by the presence of metaxylem vessels on the either side of protoxylem. The small vascular bundles entirely consist of metaxylem but lack of protoxylem. Variation of Brix content of the basal, middle and top part of Culm of nineteen varieties was also observed. Statistically, average Brix content was positively correlated with the total area of the photosynthetic cells as well as bundle sheath cells and the linear regression curve followed the straight line.       

Keywords

Brix content Kranz anatomy Sugarcane

References

  1. Allison, J.C.S., Williams, H.T., and Pammenter, N.W. (1997). Effect of specific leaf nitrogen on photosynthesis in sugarcane. Annals of Applied Biology, 63: 135 –144.
  2. Amaya, A., Cock, J.H., Hernandez, A. and Irvine, J. (1995). Bioligía, In El cultivo de la caòa en la zona azucarera de Colombia [Casselett C, Torres J and Isaacs C eds.], Cali, Columbia, Cenicaòa. pp. 31–62.
  3. Black, C.C., Campbell, W.H., Chen, T.M. and Dittrich, P. (1973). The monocotyledons: their evolution and comparative biology. III. Pathways of carbon dioxide metabolism related to net carbon dioxide assimilation by monocotyledons. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 48: 299-313. 
  4. Bourdu, R. (1976). Discussion sur les caracteristiques structurales et infra-structurales des feuilles en function de I’appartenance aux trois types metaboliques. Physiologie Vegetale, 14: 551-561.
  5. Bull, T.A. and Tovey, D.A. (1974). Aspects of modelling sugarcane growth by computer simulation. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 165: 1021–1032.
  6. Furbank, R.T., Hatch, M.D. and Jenkins, C.L.D. (2000). C4 photosynthesis: mechanism and regulation, In: Photosyntheisis: physiology and metabolism, [Leegood RC, Sharkey TD and Von caemmerer S eds.], Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. pp. 435- 457.
  7. Gulati, J.M.L., Kar, S.C., Behra, J., Jena, S.N. and Lenka, S. (2015). Effect of planting methods on growth pattern and productivity of sugarcane varieties. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49 (3): 222-228. DOI: 10.5958/    0976-058X.2015.00034.7.
  8. Hartt, C.E., Kortschak, H.P., Forbes, A.J. and Burr, G.O. (1963). Translocation of C14 in sugarcane. Plant Physiology, 38: 305- 318. 
  9. Hartt, C.E. and Burr, G.O. (1967). Factors affecting photosynthesis in sugarcane. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 12: 590–609.
  10. Hasija, R.C., Aneja, D.R., Khatkar, R.K. (2003). Retrospect and prospects of sugarcane production in Haryana. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 37 (2): 140 – 143.
  11. Inman-Bamber, N.G., Jackson, P.A., Bonnett, G. and Morgan, T. (2011). Have we reached peak CCS?. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Vol. 33: 1-9.
  12. Kumawat, P.D., Kacha, D.J. and Dahima, N.U. (2016). Effect of crop geometry and drip irrigation levels on sugarcane in south Saurashtra region of India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 50 (4): 366-369. DOI:10.18805/    ijare.v0iOF.9360.
  13. Laetsch, W.M. (1974). The C4 syndrome: a structural analysis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 25: 27-52.
  14. Lush, W.M. (1976). Leaf structure and translocation of dry matter in a C3 and C4 grass. Planta, 130: 235-244. 
  15. McCormick, A.J., Watt, D.A. and Cramer, M.D. (2009). Supply and demand: sink regulation of sugar accumulation in sugarcane. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60: 357–364.
  16. McDavid, C.R. and Midmore, D.J. (1980). 14C fixation and translocation in sugarcane clones with contrasting weights of leaf per unit weight of cane and storage cell volumes. Annals of Botany, 46: 479-483.
  17. Misbah, N., Sughar, G., Soomro, Z.A., Ahmed, I., Seema, N., Nizamani, G.S., Saboohi. and Nizamani, M.R. (2017). Somatic embryogenesis and callus formation in sugarcane (Saccharum SPP L.) using different concentration of 2, 4-D and RAPD analysis of plants regenerates. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51 (2): 93-102. DOI:10.18805/ijare.v0iOF.7637.
  18. Robinson-Beers, K. and Evert, R.F. (1991). Ultrastructure of and plasmodesmatal frequency in mature leaves of sugarcane. Planta, 184: 291-306. 
  19. Rohwer, J. M. and Botha, F. C. (2001). Analysis of sucrose accumulation in the sugarcane culm on the basis of in vitro kinetic data. Biochemical Journal, 358: 437- 445.
  20. Singh, A.P. (1980). On the ultrastucture and differentiation of the phloem in sugarcane leaves. Cytologia, 45: 1-31. 
  21. Welbaum, G.E. and Meinzer, F.C. (1990). Compartmentation of solutes and water in developing sugarcane stalk tissue. Plant Physiology, 93: 1147-1153. 

Global Footprints