Productivity of Summer Savory (Satureja hortensis L.) In Different Locations of Egypt

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-479    | Article Id: A-479 | Page : 175-180
Citation :- Productivity of Summer Savory (Satureja hortensis L.) In Different Locations of Egypt.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):175-180
S.F. Hendawy, M.S. Hussein, H.M. Amer and S. Salaheldin sabri.salaheldin@agr.aswu.edu.eg
Address : Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
Submitted Date : 30-08-2019
Accepted Date : 22-11-2019

Abstract

Field experiment was conducted to evaluate the growth, yield and essential oil constituents of savory at three different locations across Egypt (El-Minya, El-Sharkia and Sinai). Plants cultivated in El-Sharkia showed significantly higher values of plant height, number of branches and herb fresh and dry weights. Also, the highest quality was observed on plant cultivated in El-Sharkia region. Thirty one main compounds were detected in GC-MS analysis of essential oil. There were obvious differences in chemical constituents of essential oil of plants cultivated under different locations. The main components were ã-Terpinene and Carvacrol. The highest ã-Terpinene and Carvacrol were observed also in plants cultivated in El-Sharkia. These results suggested that agro-climatic zone is very important for maximizing the content and composition of essential oils.Further studies are still needed to determine the precise factors of agro-climatic zoning which could be important strategies for optimizing the yield and quality.

Keywords

Agro-climate Carvacrol Essential oil Savory γ-Terpinene

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