Estimation of reference evapotranspiration using Aquacrop model for agro-climatic conditions of Madhya Pradesh

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-4770    | Article Id: A-4770 | Page : 596-600
Citation :- Estimation of reference evapotranspiration using Aquacrop model for agro-climatic conditions of Madhya Pradesh.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2017.(51):596-600
Deepika Yadav, M.K. Awasthi and R.K. Nema deepika03dy@gmail.com
Address : Department of Soil and Water Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur-482 004, Madhya Pradesh, India
Submitted Date : 17-04-2017
Accepted Date : 11-09-2017

Abstract

Accurate estimation of evapotranspiration is necessary step for better management and allocation of water resources. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) adopted the Penman Moneith method as a global standard to estimate reference crop evapotranspiration (ETo). The study aimed to estimate FAO P-M reference evapotranspiration for different district of five agro climatic zones of Madhya Pradesh state by using Aquacrop model. Daily weather data including maximum and minimum temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind speed and solar radiation were collected for the period of 1979 to 2013 which were used as input data in Aquacrop. Several statistical parameters were used for characterizing the spatial and temporal variability of ETo. The average monthly ETo was found maximum in month of May (10.67 mm day-1) in all district of different agro climatic zones for the average period considered for the study and also for each years, whereas average minimum ETo was estimated in month of December (3.23 mm day-1) in Kymore Plateau and August (2.44 mm day-1) in Satpura Plateau. The mean daily reference evapotranspiration ranges from 4 mm day-1 to 10 mm day-1 for all districts. From the statistical analysis it was found that spatial variability of ETo lower than the temporal variability. It means the bigger differentiation of ETo in the years than in the space.

Keywords

Aquacrop FAO Penman-Moneith equation Reference evapotranspiration.

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