Drybean Yield under the Influence of Cultivar, Phosphorus Fertilizer Rate and Location

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-472    | Article Id: A-472 | Page : 536-540
Citation :- Drybean Yield under the Influence of Cultivar, Phosphorus Fertilizer Rate and Location.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):536-540
Mirriam Islam, Erick Sebetha Erick.Sebetha@nwu.ac.za
Address : Food Security and Safety Niche Area, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North West University, Mafikeng Campus, Private Bag X 2046, Mmabatho, 2738
Submitted Date : 16-08-2019
Accepted Date : 28-02-2020

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of phosphorus fertilizer rates, cultivar and location on drybean yield production at three different locations of North West province, South Africa. The experimental design was a 5 x 3 x 3 factorial experiment fitted into a randomized complete block design with 4 replications. The three drybean cultivars used were PAN 123, PAN 148 and PAN 9292. Three locations of the study were Taung, Ventersdorp and Mafikeng. The Five levels (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4) of phosphorus fertilizer were applied during planting and these differed according to each location. Drybean cultivar and location had significant effect (P < 0.005) on the number of pods per plant, 100- seed mass and grain yield. Drybean cultivar PAN 9292 is recommended for production due to its higher seed yield.

Keywords

Cultivar Drybean Location Phosphorus Yield

References

  1. Ahmed, F.E. (2013). Interactive effect of nitrogen fertilization and Rhizobium inoculation on nodulation and yield of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences. 2: 169-173.
  2. El-Gizawy, N.K.B. and Mehasen, S.A.S. (2009). Response of the faba bean to bio-mineral phosphorus fertilizers and foliar application with zinc. World Applied Sciences Journal. 6: 1359-1365.
  3. Erman, M., Yildirim, B., Tongay, N., Cig, F. (2009). Effect of phosphorus application and rhizobium inoculation on the yield, nodulation and nutrient uptake in the field pea Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 2: 301 - 304.
  4. Fageria, N.K., Baligar, V.C., Clark RB. (2006). Physiology of crop production. New York: The Haworth Press 345.
  5. Fageria, N.K., Baligar, V.C., Moreira-Portes, T.A. (2010). Drybean genotypes evaluation for growth, yield components and phosphorus use efficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 33: 2167-2181.
  6. Fageria N.K. and Santos, A.B. (2008). Yield physiology of drybean. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 31: 983-1004.
  7. FAO-UNESCO. (2006). Soil Map of the World. Revised legend. Tech. Paper No. 20. FAO/Rome and ISRC/Wageningen, the Netherlands.
  8. Fekadu, G. (2013). Assessment of farmers’ criteria for common bean variety selection: the case of the Umbullo Watershed in the Sidama zone of the southern region of Ethiopia. Ethiopian e -Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight. 5(2): 4-13.
  9. Gidago, G., Beyene, S., Worku, W. (2011). The response of the haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to phosphorus application on ultisols at Areka, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences. 1: 38-50.
  10. Graham, P.H., Rosas, J.C., Estevez de Jensen, C., Peralta, E., Tlusty, B., Acosta- Gallegos, J., Arraes Pereira, P.A. (2003). Addressing edaphic constraints to bean production: the bean/cowpea centre for research in security prices project in perspective. Field Crop Research. 82: 179-192.
  11. Kasirivu, J., Materechera, S., Dire, M. (2011). Composting ruminant animal manure reduces emergence and species diversity of weed seedlings in a semi-arid environment of South Africa. South African Journal of Plant and Soil. 28: 228-235.
  12. Katungi, E., Farrau, A., Chiano, J., Sperting, L., Beebe, S. (2010). Common bean in Eastern and Southern Africa: a situation and outlook analysis. CIAT, Cali. 
  13. Machado Neto, N.B. and Dura˜es, M.A.B. (2006). Physiological and biochemical response of common bean varieties treated with salicylic acid under drought stress. Crop-Breed-Applied Biotechnology. 6: 269-277.
  14. Mano, J.I. (2002). Early events in environmental stresses in plants. Induction mechanisms of oxidative stress. Oxidative Stress in Plants. pp: 217-245.
  15. Meena, B.K., Hulihalli, U.K., Sumeriya, H.K. (2015). Growth, yield attributes and yield of medium duration pigeonpea hybrid ICPH-2671 as influenced by fertility levels and planting geometry. Legume Research-An International Journal. 38 (6): 816-820.
  16. Molina, J.C., Moda-Cirino V., Da Fonseca Junior, N.S., De Faria, R.T., Destro, D. (2001). Response of common bean cultivars and lines to drought stress. Journal of Crop-Breed-Applied Biotechnology. 1: 363-372.
  17. Nedumaran, S., Abinaya, P., Jyosthnaa, P., Shraavya, B., Rao, P., Bantilan, C. (2015). Grain Legumes Production, Consumption and Trade Trends in Developing Countries. Working Paper Series No 60. ICRISAT Research Program, Markets, Institution and Policies. Patancheru 502 324, Telangana, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi- Arid Tropics. 64 pp.
  18. Nleya, T., Walley, F., Vanderberg, A. (2001). The effects of cultivar on nodulation, seed yield and di-nitrogen fixation of drybean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Proceedings of the Soil and Crop Conference at the University of Saskatchewan. pp 570- 574.
  19. Rahman, M.A., Hoque, A.K.M.S., Rahman M.N., Talukdar, M.B., Islam, M.S. (2007). Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth and yield of the French bean. Journal of Soil and Nature. 1: 30-34.
  20. Rosales-Serna, R., Kohashi-Shibata, J., Acosta-Gallegos, J.A., Lopez, C.T.J., Ortiz-Cereceres, J., Kelly, J.D. (2004). Biomass distribution, maturity acceleration and yield in drought-stressed common bean cultivars. Field Crops Research. 85: 203-211.
  21. Sebetha, E. and Modi, A. (2016). Cowpea yield under the influence of cropping system, location and nitrogen fertilization. Legume Research-An International Journal. 39(3): 435-441.
  22. Soil Survey Staff. (1999). Keys to soil taxonomy (8thedn.). Poca- hontas Press Inc., Blacksburg. Virginia.
  23. Tagore, G.S., Namdeo, S.L., Sharma, S.K., Kumar, N. (2013). Effect of rhizobium and phosphate solubilizing bacterial inoculants on symbiotic traits, nodule leghaemoglobin and yield of chickpea genotypes. International Journal of Agronomy. 2013: 1-8.
  24. Turuko, M. and Mohammed, A. (2014). Effect of different phosphorus fertilizer levels on growth, dry matter yield and yield components of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2: 88-92.

Global Footprints