Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorV. Geethalakshmi

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  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 50 issue 6 (december 2016) : 584-588

Adoption and impact of zero tillage in the rice-wheat production system of Haryana

Mukesh Meena1*, Rajesh T2, Karma Beer1
1<p>ICAR- Indian Institute of Soil and water Conservation,&nbsp;Research Centre, Koraput-248 195, Odisha, India.</p>
Cite article:- Meena1* Mukesh, T2 Rajesh, Beer1 Karma (2016). Adoption and impact of zero tillage in the rice-wheatproduction system of Haryana . Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 50(6): 584-588. doi: 10.18805/ijare.v50i6.6677.

Zero Tillage (ZT) has been considered as a proven technology to increase the farm income, but its adoption in the semi-arid part of western India is still uncertain. This paper examines the ZT diffusion pattern (including the reasons for non- and dis-adoption and constraints in adoption of the technology) and estimates the farm-level impacts of the ZT technology.  The most pronounced impact of ZT is at the cost-saving compartment. However, since ZT wheat farmers could sow the crop much earlier than their conventional counterparts results in gaining 8 percent increase in yield.  Determinants of adoption were attempted employing a multinomial logit model.  Ownership of ZT drill, cropping pattern and household factors were influencing ZT adoption. Although a number of constraints for continuous adoption of ZT, including uncongenial field situation (excess moisture, undulated plots, small landholding etc.) and difficulty to manage previous/kharif crop (pearl millet, cotton) residues. The ZT technology was also found to be effective in reducing the farmer dependency on external inputs and ensures sustainable production of wheat.

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