Genetic Variability and Cluster Analysis for Phenological Traits of Thai Indigenous Upland Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-461    | Article Id: A-461 | Page : 211-216
Citation :- Genetic Variability and Cluster Analysis for Phenological Traits of Thai Indigenous Upland Rice (Oryza sativa L.).Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):211-216
Shams Shaila Islam, Jakarat Anothai, Charassri Nualsri, Watcharin Soonsuwon watcharin.s@psu.ac.th
Address : Agricultural Innovation and Management Division, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand.
Submitted Date : 5-07-2019
Accepted Date : 23-10-2019

Abstract

Estimating genetic variability and cluster analysis of grain yield and yield contributing traits need to require for rice breeders to choose the best breeding programs. Ten upland rice genotypes were conducted from farmers’ fields during the years of 2017 at three provinces of southern Thailand. Extreme broad sense heritability and genetic gain values for flag leaf length, leaf area index, harvest index, total dry weight and filled grains showed that assortment of these yield contributing traits would be effective. Cluster analysis categorized genotypes into three groups. In each group some genotypes such as Dawk Pa-yawm or Dawk Kha 50 (group I), Nahng Kian (group II) and Khao/ Trai (group III) showed that genotypes had different better traits. These studies revealed that high broad sense heritability traits and the best genotypes Nahng Kian and Khao/ Trai would be useful for improving new upland rice varieties in southern Thailand.

Keywords

Cluster analysis Genetic advance Genotypic coefficient Heritability Upland rice

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