Enhancing productivity and quality of fodder maize through soil and foliar zinc nutrition 

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v50i3.10747    | Article Id: A-4571 | Page : 259-263
Citation :- Enhancing productivity and quality of fodder maizethrough soil and foliar zinc nutrition .Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):259-263

Rakesh Kumar*, D.K. Rathore, B.S. Meena, Ashutosh, Magan Singh, Uttam Kumar and V.K. Meena 

drdudi_rk@rediffmail.com
Address :

ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal-132 001, India.

Submitted Date : 9-03-2016
Accepted Date : 31-05-2016

Abstract

 A field experiment was conducted at Forage Research and Management Centre, NDRI, Karnal during Kharif season of 2014 and 2015 to study the effect of zinc application on productivity and quality of fodder maize. The treatment consists of two fodder maize cultivars African tall and J-1006 in main plot and six zinc sulphate treatments viz. No zinc sulphate, 10 kg/ha  ZnSO4 as basal dose, 20 kg/ha  ZnSO4 as basal dose, 0.5%  one foliar spray  of ZnSO4 at 30 DAS, 0.5%  two foliar spray of ZnSO4 at 30 and 45 DAS and 10 kg/ha  ZnSO4 as basal dose+0.5%  one foliar spray at 30 DAS in subplots of split plot design. Soil and foliar applied zinc sulphate had significantly improved green fodder, dry matter yield and quality parameters viz leaf length, leaf width, leaf stem ratio of both the cultivars tested. From the results of two year study, it can be concluded that maize fodder productivity and quality can be enhanced with Zinc fertilization.

Keywords

Fodder maize Foliar zinc nutrition Productivity Quality.

References

  1. Anonymous (2013) Vision-2050, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) Gwalior Road, Jhansi - 284 003
  2. Balwinder Kumar (2013) Productivity and quality of fodder corn (Zea mays L.) under soil and foliar zinc application In:Proceeding of: XVII International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, “Plant Nutrition for Nutrient and Food Security (IPNC-2013), At Istanbul, Turkey. 
  3. Cakmak, I. 2000. Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytol 146: 185-205.
  4. Gomez K A and Gomez A A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Willey and Sons, Singapore, pp 680.
  5. Hamsa, A. and Puttaiah, E.T. (2012). Residual effect of zinc and boron on growth and yield of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)-rice (Oryza sativa L.) cropping system. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 3 : 167-171. 
  6. IRRI. (1999). IRRISTAT for windows version 4.0. Biometric Unit, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.
  7. Marschner, H. (1986). Functions of mineral nutrients: macronutrients. In Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press : [Haynes RJ, editor Orlando], FL. 195–267.
  8. Mousavi, S.R., Galavi, M. and Rezaei, M. (2013) Zinc (Zn) importance for crop production-A review. Intl. J. Agron. Plant Prod. 4: 64-68.
  9. Nube, M. and Voortman, R.L.( 2006) Simultaneously addressing micronutrient deficiencies in soils, crops, animal and human nutrition: opportunities for higher yields and better health. Staff Working Paper 06-02. Centre for World Food Studies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  10. Oosterhuis, D. Hake, K., Burmester, C. (1996). Foliar feeding cotton. Cotton Physiology Today. National Cotton Council of America, 2 : 1–7.
  11. Singh, M.V. (2011) Assessing extent of zinc deficiency for soil fertility mapping and nutrition security in humans and animals. Indian J. Fertilizer. 7: 36-43.
     

Global Footprints